Version:  2.0.40 2.2.26 2.4.37 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17

Linux/net/sched/sch_htb.c

  1 /*
  2  * net/sched/sch_htb.c  Hierarchical token bucket, feed tree version
  3  *
  4  *              This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  5  *              modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
  6  *              as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
  7  *              2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
  8  *
  9  * Authors:     Martin Devera, <devik@cdi.cz>
 10  *
 11  * Credits (in time order) for older HTB versions:
 12  *              Stef Coene <stef.coene@docum.org>
 13  *                      HTB support at LARTC mailing list
 14  *              Ondrej Kraus, <krauso@barr.cz>
 15  *                      found missing INIT_QDISC(htb)
 16  *              Vladimir Smelhaus, Aamer Akhter, Bert Hubert
 17  *                      helped a lot to locate nasty class stall bug
 18  *              Andi Kleen, Jamal Hadi, Bert Hubert
 19  *                      code review and helpful comments on shaping
 20  *              Tomasz Wrona, <tw@eter.tym.pl>
 21  *                      created test case so that I was able to fix nasty bug
 22  *              Wilfried Weissmann
 23  *                      spotted bug in dequeue code and helped with fix
 24  *              Jiri Fojtasek
 25  *                      fixed requeue routine
 26  *              and many others. thanks.
 27  */
 28 #include <linux/module.h>
 29 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
 30 #include <linux/types.h>
 31 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 32 #include <linux/string.h>
 33 #include <linux/errno.h>
 34 #include <linux/skbuff.h>
 35 #include <linux/list.h>
 36 #include <linux/compiler.h>
 37 #include <linux/rbtree.h>
 38 #include <linux/workqueue.h>
 39 #include <linux/slab.h>
 40 #include <net/netlink.h>
 41 #include <net/sch_generic.h>
 42 #include <net/pkt_sched.h>
 43 
 44 /* HTB algorithm.
 45     Author: devik@cdi.cz
 46     ========================================================================
 47     HTB is like TBF with multiple classes. It is also similar to CBQ because
 48     it allows to assign priority to each class in hierarchy.
 49     In fact it is another implementation of Floyd's formal sharing.
 50 
 51     Levels:
 52     Each class is assigned level. Leaf has ALWAYS level 0 and root
 53     classes have level TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH-1. Interior nodes has level
 54     one less than their parent.
 55 */
 56 
 57 static int htb_hysteresis __read_mostly = 0; /* whether to use mode hysteresis for speedup */
 58 #define HTB_VER 0x30011         /* major must be matched with number suplied by TC as version */
 59 
 60 #if HTB_VER >> 16 != TC_HTB_PROTOVER
 61 #error "Mismatched sch_htb.c and pkt_sch.h"
 62 #endif
 63 
 64 /* Module parameter and sysfs export */
 65 module_param    (htb_hysteresis, int, 0640);
 66 MODULE_PARM_DESC(htb_hysteresis, "Hysteresis mode, less CPU load, less accurate");
 67 
 68 static int htb_rate_est = 0; /* htb classes have a default rate estimator */
 69 module_param(htb_rate_est, int, 0640);
 70 MODULE_PARM_DESC(htb_rate_est, "setup a default rate estimator (4sec 16sec) for htb classes");
 71 
 72 /* used internaly to keep status of single class */
 73 enum htb_cmode {
 74         HTB_CANT_SEND,          /* class can't send and can't borrow */
 75         HTB_MAY_BORROW,         /* class can't send but may borrow */
 76         HTB_CAN_SEND            /* class can send */
 77 };
 78 
 79 struct htb_prio {
 80         union {
 81                 struct rb_root  row;
 82                 struct rb_root  feed;
 83         };
 84         struct rb_node  *ptr;
 85         /* When class changes from state 1->2 and disconnects from
 86          * parent's feed then we lost ptr value and start from the
 87          * first child again. Here we store classid of the
 88          * last valid ptr (used when ptr is NULL).
 89          */
 90         u32             last_ptr_id;
 91 };
 92 
 93 /* interior & leaf nodes; props specific to leaves are marked L:
 94  * To reduce false sharing, place mostly read fields at beginning,
 95  * and mostly written ones at the end.
 96  */
 97 struct htb_class {
 98         struct Qdisc_class_common common;
 99         struct psched_ratecfg   rate;
100         struct psched_ratecfg   ceil;
101         s64                     buffer, cbuffer;/* token bucket depth/rate */
102         s64                     mbuffer;        /* max wait time */
103         u32                     prio;           /* these two are used only by leaves... */
104         int                     quantum;        /* but stored for parent-to-leaf return */
105 
106         struct tcf_proto        *filter_list;   /* class attached filters */
107         int                     filter_cnt;
108         int                     refcnt;         /* usage count of this class */
109 
110         int                     level;          /* our level (see above) */
111         unsigned int            children;
112         struct htb_class        *parent;        /* parent class */
113 
114         struct gnet_stats_rate_est64 rate_est;
115 
116         /*
117          * Written often fields
118          */
119         struct gnet_stats_basic_packed bstats;
120         struct gnet_stats_queue qstats;
121         struct tc_htb_xstats    xstats; /* our special stats */
122 
123         /* token bucket parameters */
124         s64                     tokens, ctokens;/* current number of tokens */
125         s64                     t_c;            /* checkpoint time */
126 
127         union {
128                 struct htb_class_leaf {
129                         struct list_head drop_list;
130                         int             deficit[TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH];
131                         struct Qdisc    *q;
132                 } leaf;
133                 struct htb_class_inner {
134                         struct htb_prio clprio[TC_HTB_NUMPRIO];
135                 } inner;
136         } un;
137         s64                     pq_key;
138 
139         int                     prio_activity;  /* for which prios are we active */
140         enum htb_cmode          cmode;          /* current mode of the class */
141         struct rb_node          pq_node;        /* node for event queue */
142         struct rb_node          node[TC_HTB_NUMPRIO];   /* node for self or feed tree */
143 };
144 
145 struct htb_level {
146         struct rb_root  wait_pq;
147         struct htb_prio hprio[TC_HTB_NUMPRIO];
148 };
149 
150 struct htb_sched {
151         struct Qdisc_class_hash clhash;
152         int                     defcls;         /* class where unclassified flows go to */
153         int                     rate2quantum;   /* quant = rate / rate2quantum */
154 
155         /* filters for qdisc itself */
156         struct tcf_proto        *filter_list;
157 
158 #define HTB_WARN_TOOMANYEVENTS  0x1
159         unsigned int            warned; /* only one warning */
160         int                     direct_qlen;
161         struct work_struct      work;
162 
163         /* non shaped skbs; let them go directly thru */
164         struct sk_buff_head     direct_queue;
165         long                    direct_pkts;
166 
167         struct qdisc_watchdog   watchdog;
168 
169         s64                     now;    /* cached dequeue time */
170         struct list_head        drops[TC_HTB_NUMPRIO];/* active leaves (for drops) */
171 
172         /* time of nearest event per level (row) */
173         s64                     near_ev_cache[TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH];
174 
175         int                     row_mask[TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH];
176 
177         struct htb_level        hlevel[TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH];
178 };
179 
180 /* find class in global hash table using given handle */
181 static inline struct htb_class *htb_find(u32 handle, struct Qdisc *sch)
182 {
183         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
184         struct Qdisc_class_common *clc;
185 
186         clc = qdisc_class_find(&q->clhash, handle);
187         if (clc == NULL)
188                 return NULL;
189         return container_of(clc, struct htb_class, common);
190 }
191 
192 /**
193  * htb_classify - classify a packet into class
194  *
195  * It returns NULL if the packet should be dropped or -1 if the packet
196  * should be passed directly thru. In all other cases leaf class is returned.
197  * We allow direct class selection by classid in priority. The we examine
198  * filters in qdisc and in inner nodes (if higher filter points to the inner
199  * node). If we end up with classid MAJOR:0 we enqueue the skb into special
200  * internal fifo (direct). These packets then go directly thru. If we still
201  * have no valid leaf we try to use MAJOR:default leaf. It still unsuccessful
202  * then finish and return direct queue.
203  */
204 #define HTB_DIRECT ((struct htb_class *)-1L)
205 
206 static struct htb_class *htb_classify(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch,
207                                       int *qerr)
208 {
209         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
210         struct htb_class *cl;
211         struct tcf_result res;
212         struct tcf_proto *tcf;
213         int result;
214 
215         /* allow to select class by setting skb->priority to valid classid;
216          * note that nfmark can be used too by attaching filter fw with no
217          * rules in it
218          */
219         if (skb->priority == sch->handle)
220                 return HTB_DIRECT;      /* X:0 (direct flow) selected */
221         cl = htb_find(skb->priority, sch);
222         if (cl) {
223                 if (cl->level == 0)
224                         return cl;
225                 /* Start with inner filter chain if a non-leaf class is selected */
226                 tcf = cl->filter_list;
227         } else {
228                 tcf = q->filter_list;
229         }
230 
231         *qerr = NET_XMIT_SUCCESS | __NET_XMIT_BYPASS;
232         while (tcf && (result = tc_classify(skb, tcf, &res)) >= 0) {
233 #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
234                 switch (result) {
235                 case TC_ACT_QUEUED:
236                 case TC_ACT_STOLEN:
237                         *qerr = NET_XMIT_SUCCESS | __NET_XMIT_STOLEN;
238                 case TC_ACT_SHOT:
239                         return NULL;
240                 }
241 #endif
242                 cl = (void *)res.class;
243                 if (!cl) {
244                         if (res.classid == sch->handle)
245                                 return HTB_DIRECT;      /* X:0 (direct flow) */
246                         cl = htb_find(res.classid, sch);
247                         if (!cl)
248                                 break;  /* filter selected invalid classid */
249                 }
250                 if (!cl->level)
251                         return cl;      /* we hit leaf; return it */
252 
253                 /* we have got inner class; apply inner filter chain */
254                 tcf = cl->filter_list;
255         }
256         /* classification failed; try to use default class */
257         cl = htb_find(TC_H_MAKE(TC_H_MAJ(sch->handle), q->defcls), sch);
258         if (!cl || cl->level)
259                 return HTB_DIRECT;      /* bad default .. this is safe bet */
260         return cl;
261 }
262 
263 /**
264  * htb_add_to_id_tree - adds class to the round robin list
265  *
266  * Routine adds class to the list (actually tree) sorted by classid.
267  * Make sure that class is not already on such list for given prio.
268  */
269 static void htb_add_to_id_tree(struct rb_root *root,
270                                struct htb_class *cl, int prio)
271 {
272         struct rb_node **p = &root->rb_node, *parent = NULL;
273 
274         while (*p) {
275                 struct htb_class *c;
276                 parent = *p;
277                 c = rb_entry(parent, struct htb_class, node[prio]);
278 
279                 if (cl->common.classid > c->common.classid)
280                         p = &parent->rb_right;
281                 else
282                         p = &parent->rb_left;
283         }
284         rb_link_node(&cl->node[prio], parent, p);
285         rb_insert_color(&cl->node[prio], root);
286 }
287 
288 /**
289  * htb_add_to_wait_tree - adds class to the event queue with delay
290  *
291  * The class is added to priority event queue to indicate that class will
292  * change its mode in cl->pq_key microseconds. Make sure that class is not
293  * already in the queue.
294  */
295 static void htb_add_to_wait_tree(struct htb_sched *q,
296                                  struct htb_class *cl, s64 delay)
297 {
298         struct rb_node **p = &q->hlevel[cl->level].wait_pq.rb_node, *parent = NULL;
299 
300         cl->pq_key = q->now + delay;
301         if (cl->pq_key == q->now)
302                 cl->pq_key++;
303 
304         /* update the nearest event cache */
305         if (q->near_ev_cache[cl->level] > cl->pq_key)
306                 q->near_ev_cache[cl->level] = cl->pq_key;
307 
308         while (*p) {
309                 struct htb_class *c;
310                 parent = *p;
311                 c = rb_entry(parent, struct htb_class, pq_node);
312                 if (cl->pq_key >= c->pq_key)
313                         p = &parent->rb_right;
314                 else
315                         p = &parent->rb_left;
316         }
317         rb_link_node(&cl->pq_node, parent, p);
318         rb_insert_color(&cl->pq_node, &q->hlevel[cl->level].wait_pq);
319 }
320 
321 /**
322  * htb_next_rb_node - finds next node in binary tree
323  *
324  * When we are past last key we return NULL.
325  * Average complexity is 2 steps per call.
326  */
327 static inline void htb_next_rb_node(struct rb_node **n)
328 {
329         *n = rb_next(*n);
330 }
331 
332 /**
333  * htb_add_class_to_row - add class to its row
334  *
335  * The class is added to row at priorities marked in mask.
336  * It does nothing if mask == 0.
337  */
338 static inline void htb_add_class_to_row(struct htb_sched *q,
339                                         struct htb_class *cl, int mask)
340 {
341         q->row_mask[cl->level] |= mask;
342         while (mask) {
343                 int prio = ffz(~mask);
344                 mask &= ~(1 << prio);
345                 htb_add_to_id_tree(&q->hlevel[cl->level].hprio[prio].row, cl, prio);
346         }
347 }
348 
349 /* If this triggers, it is a bug in this code, but it need not be fatal */
350 static void htb_safe_rb_erase(struct rb_node *rb, struct rb_root *root)
351 {
352         if (RB_EMPTY_NODE(rb)) {
353                 WARN_ON(1);
354         } else {
355                 rb_erase(rb, root);
356                 RB_CLEAR_NODE(rb);
357         }
358 }
359 
360 
361 /**
362  * htb_remove_class_from_row - removes class from its row
363  *
364  * The class is removed from row at priorities marked in mask.
365  * It does nothing if mask == 0.
366  */
367 static inline void htb_remove_class_from_row(struct htb_sched *q,
368                                                  struct htb_class *cl, int mask)
369 {
370         int m = 0;
371         struct htb_level *hlevel = &q->hlevel[cl->level];
372 
373         while (mask) {
374                 int prio = ffz(~mask);
375                 struct htb_prio *hprio = &hlevel->hprio[prio];
376 
377                 mask &= ~(1 << prio);
378                 if (hprio->ptr == cl->node + prio)
379                         htb_next_rb_node(&hprio->ptr);
380 
381                 htb_safe_rb_erase(cl->node + prio, &hprio->row);
382                 if (!hprio->row.rb_node)
383                         m |= 1 << prio;
384         }
385         q->row_mask[cl->level] &= ~m;
386 }
387 
388 /**
389  * htb_activate_prios - creates active classe's feed chain
390  *
391  * The class is connected to ancestors and/or appropriate rows
392  * for priorities it is participating on. cl->cmode must be new
393  * (activated) mode. It does nothing if cl->prio_activity == 0.
394  */
395 static void htb_activate_prios(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl)
396 {
397         struct htb_class *p = cl->parent;
398         long m, mask = cl->prio_activity;
399 
400         while (cl->cmode == HTB_MAY_BORROW && p && mask) {
401                 m = mask;
402                 while (m) {
403                         int prio = ffz(~m);
404                         m &= ~(1 << prio);
405 
406                         if (p->un.inner.clprio[prio].feed.rb_node)
407                                 /* parent already has its feed in use so that
408                                  * reset bit in mask as parent is already ok
409                                  */
410                                 mask &= ~(1 << prio);
411 
412                         htb_add_to_id_tree(&p->un.inner.clprio[prio].feed, cl, prio);
413                 }
414                 p->prio_activity |= mask;
415                 cl = p;
416                 p = cl->parent;
417 
418         }
419         if (cl->cmode == HTB_CAN_SEND && mask)
420                 htb_add_class_to_row(q, cl, mask);
421 }
422 
423 /**
424  * htb_deactivate_prios - remove class from feed chain
425  *
426  * cl->cmode must represent old mode (before deactivation). It does
427  * nothing if cl->prio_activity == 0. Class is removed from all feed
428  * chains and rows.
429  */
430 static void htb_deactivate_prios(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl)
431 {
432         struct htb_class *p = cl->parent;
433         long m, mask = cl->prio_activity;
434 
435         while (cl->cmode == HTB_MAY_BORROW && p && mask) {
436                 m = mask;
437                 mask = 0;
438                 while (m) {
439                         int prio = ffz(~m);
440                         m &= ~(1 << prio);
441 
442                         if (p->un.inner.clprio[prio].ptr == cl->node + prio) {
443                                 /* we are removing child which is pointed to from
444                                  * parent feed - forget the pointer but remember
445                                  * classid
446                                  */
447                                 p->un.inner.clprio[prio].last_ptr_id = cl->common.classid;
448                                 p->un.inner.clprio[prio].ptr = NULL;
449                         }
450 
451                         htb_safe_rb_erase(cl->node + prio,
452                                           &p->un.inner.clprio[prio].feed);
453 
454                         if (!p->un.inner.clprio[prio].feed.rb_node)
455                                 mask |= 1 << prio;
456                 }
457 
458                 p->prio_activity &= ~mask;
459                 cl = p;
460                 p = cl->parent;
461 
462         }
463         if (cl->cmode == HTB_CAN_SEND && mask)
464                 htb_remove_class_from_row(q, cl, mask);
465 }
466 
467 static inline s64 htb_lowater(const struct htb_class *cl)
468 {
469         if (htb_hysteresis)
470                 return cl->cmode != HTB_CANT_SEND ? -cl->cbuffer : 0;
471         else
472                 return 0;
473 }
474 static inline s64 htb_hiwater(const struct htb_class *cl)
475 {
476         if (htb_hysteresis)
477                 return cl->cmode == HTB_CAN_SEND ? -cl->buffer : 0;
478         else
479                 return 0;
480 }
481 
482 
483 /**
484  * htb_class_mode - computes and returns current class mode
485  *
486  * It computes cl's mode at time cl->t_c+diff and returns it. If mode
487  * is not HTB_CAN_SEND then cl->pq_key is updated to time difference
488  * from now to time when cl will change its state.
489  * Also it is worth to note that class mode doesn't change simply
490  * at cl->{c,}tokens == 0 but there can rather be hysteresis of
491  * 0 .. -cl->{c,}buffer range. It is meant to limit number of
492  * mode transitions per time unit. The speed gain is about 1/6.
493  */
494 static inline enum htb_cmode
495 htb_class_mode(struct htb_class *cl, s64 *diff)
496 {
497         s64 toks;
498 
499         if ((toks = (cl->ctokens + *diff)) < htb_lowater(cl)) {
500                 *diff = -toks;
501                 return HTB_CANT_SEND;
502         }
503 
504         if ((toks = (cl->tokens + *diff)) >= htb_hiwater(cl))
505                 return HTB_CAN_SEND;
506 
507         *diff = -toks;
508         return HTB_MAY_BORROW;
509 }
510 
511 /**
512  * htb_change_class_mode - changes classe's mode
513  *
514  * This should be the only way how to change classe's mode under normal
515  * cirsumstances. Routine will update feed lists linkage, change mode
516  * and add class to the wait event queue if appropriate. New mode should
517  * be different from old one and cl->pq_key has to be valid if changing
518  * to mode other than HTB_CAN_SEND (see htb_add_to_wait_tree).
519  */
520 static void
521 htb_change_class_mode(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl, s64 *diff)
522 {
523         enum htb_cmode new_mode = htb_class_mode(cl, diff);
524 
525         if (new_mode == cl->cmode)
526                 return;
527 
528         if (cl->prio_activity) {        /* not necessary: speed optimization */
529                 if (cl->cmode != HTB_CANT_SEND)
530                         htb_deactivate_prios(q, cl);
531                 cl->cmode = new_mode;
532                 if (new_mode != HTB_CANT_SEND)
533                         htb_activate_prios(q, cl);
534         } else
535                 cl->cmode = new_mode;
536 }
537 
538 /**
539  * htb_activate - inserts leaf cl into appropriate active feeds
540  *
541  * Routine learns (new) priority of leaf and activates feed chain
542  * for the prio. It can be called on already active leaf safely.
543  * It also adds leaf into droplist.
544  */
545 static inline void htb_activate(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl)
546 {
547         WARN_ON(cl->level || !cl->un.leaf.q || !cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen);
548 
549         if (!cl->prio_activity) {
550                 cl->prio_activity = 1 << cl->prio;
551                 htb_activate_prios(q, cl);
552                 list_add_tail(&cl->un.leaf.drop_list,
553                               q->drops + cl->prio);
554         }
555 }
556 
557 /**
558  * htb_deactivate - remove leaf cl from active feeds
559  *
560  * Make sure that leaf is active. In the other words it can't be called
561  * with non-active leaf. It also removes class from the drop list.
562  */
563 static inline void htb_deactivate(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl)
564 {
565         WARN_ON(!cl->prio_activity);
566 
567         htb_deactivate_prios(q, cl);
568         cl->prio_activity = 0;
569         list_del_init(&cl->un.leaf.drop_list);
570 }
571 
572 static int htb_enqueue(struct sk_buff *skb, struct Qdisc *sch)
573 {
574         int uninitialized_var(ret);
575         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
576         struct htb_class *cl = htb_classify(skb, sch, &ret);
577 
578         if (cl == HTB_DIRECT) {
579                 /* enqueue to helper queue */
580                 if (q->direct_queue.qlen < q->direct_qlen) {
581                         __skb_queue_tail(&q->direct_queue, skb);
582                         q->direct_pkts++;
583                 } else {
584                         return qdisc_drop(skb, sch);
585                 }
586 #ifdef CONFIG_NET_CLS_ACT
587         } else if (!cl) {
588                 if (ret & __NET_XMIT_BYPASS)
589                         sch->qstats.drops++;
590                 kfree_skb(skb);
591                 return ret;
592 #endif
593         } else if ((ret = qdisc_enqueue(skb, cl->un.leaf.q)) != NET_XMIT_SUCCESS) {
594                 if (net_xmit_drop_count(ret)) {
595                         sch->qstats.drops++;
596                         cl->qstats.drops++;
597                 }
598                 return ret;
599         } else {
600                 htb_activate(q, cl);
601         }
602 
603         sch->q.qlen++;
604         return NET_XMIT_SUCCESS;
605 }
606 
607 static inline void htb_accnt_tokens(struct htb_class *cl, int bytes, s64 diff)
608 {
609         s64 toks = diff + cl->tokens;
610 
611         if (toks > cl->buffer)
612                 toks = cl->buffer;
613         toks -= (s64) psched_l2t_ns(&cl->rate, bytes);
614         if (toks <= -cl->mbuffer)
615                 toks = 1 - cl->mbuffer;
616 
617         cl->tokens = toks;
618 }
619 
620 static inline void htb_accnt_ctokens(struct htb_class *cl, int bytes, s64 diff)
621 {
622         s64 toks = diff + cl->ctokens;
623 
624         if (toks > cl->cbuffer)
625                 toks = cl->cbuffer;
626         toks -= (s64) psched_l2t_ns(&cl->ceil, bytes);
627         if (toks <= -cl->mbuffer)
628                 toks = 1 - cl->mbuffer;
629 
630         cl->ctokens = toks;
631 }
632 
633 /**
634  * htb_charge_class - charges amount "bytes" to leaf and ancestors
635  *
636  * Routine assumes that packet "bytes" long was dequeued from leaf cl
637  * borrowing from "level". It accounts bytes to ceil leaky bucket for
638  * leaf and all ancestors and to rate bucket for ancestors at levels
639  * "level" and higher. It also handles possible change of mode resulting
640  * from the update. Note that mode can also increase here (MAY_BORROW to
641  * CAN_SEND) because we can use more precise clock that event queue here.
642  * In such case we remove class from event queue first.
643  */
644 static void htb_charge_class(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl,
645                              int level, struct sk_buff *skb)
646 {
647         int bytes = qdisc_pkt_len(skb);
648         enum htb_cmode old_mode;
649         s64 diff;
650 
651         while (cl) {
652                 diff = min_t(s64, q->now - cl->t_c, cl->mbuffer);
653                 if (cl->level >= level) {
654                         if (cl->level == level)
655                                 cl->xstats.lends++;
656                         htb_accnt_tokens(cl, bytes, diff);
657                 } else {
658                         cl->xstats.borrows++;
659                         cl->tokens += diff;     /* we moved t_c; update tokens */
660                 }
661                 htb_accnt_ctokens(cl, bytes, diff);
662                 cl->t_c = q->now;
663 
664                 old_mode = cl->cmode;
665                 diff = 0;
666                 htb_change_class_mode(q, cl, &diff);
667                 if (old_mode != cl->cmode) {
668                         if (old_mode != HTB_CAN_SEND)
669                                 htb_safe_rb_erase(&cl->pq_node, &q->hlevel[cl->level].wait_pq);
670                         if (cl->cmode != HTB_CAN_SEND)
671                                 htb_add_to_wait_tree(q, cl, diff);
672                 }
673 
674                 /* update basic stats except for leaves which are already updated */
675                 if (cl->level)
676                         bstats_update(&cl->bstats, skb);
677 
678                 cl = cl->parent;
679         }
680 }
681 
682 /**
683  * htb_do_events - make mode changes to classes at the level
684  *
685  * Scans event queue for pending events and applies them. Returns time of
686  * next pending event (0 for no event in pq, q->now for too many events).
687  * Note: Applied are events whose have cl->pq_key <= q->now.
688  */
689 static s64 htb_do_events(struct htb_sched *q, const int level,
690                          unsigned long start)
691 {
692         /* don't run for longer than 2 jiffies; 2 is used instead of
693          * 1 to simplify things when jiffy is going to be incremented
694          * too soon
695          */
696         unsigned long stop_at = start + 2;
697         struct rb_root *wait_pq = &q->hlevel[level].wait_pq;
698 
699         while (time_before(jiffies, stop_at)) {
700                 struct htb_class *cl;
701                 s64 diff;
702                 struct rb_node *p = rb_first(wait_pq);
703 
704                 if (!p)
705                         return 0;
706 
707                 cl = rb_entry(p, struct htb_class, pq_node);
708                 if (cl->pq_key > q->now)
709                         return cl->pq_key;
710 
711                 htb_safe_rb_erase(p, wait_pq);
712                 diff = min_t(s64, q->now - cl->t_c, cl->mbuffer);
713                 htb_change_class_mode(q, cl, &diff);
714                 if (cl->cmode != HTB_CAN_SEND)
715                         htb_add_to_wait_tree(q, cl, diff);
716         }
717 
718         /* too much load - let's continue after a break for scheduling */
719         if (!(q->warned & HTB_WARN_TOOMANYEVENTS)) {
720                 pr_warn("htb: too many events!\n");
721                 q->warned |= HTB_WARN_TOOMANYEVENTS;
722         }
723 
724         return q->now;
725 }
726 
727 /* Returns class->node+prio from id-tree where classe's id is >= id. NULL
728  * is no such one exists.
729  */
730 static struct rb_node *htb_id_find_next_upper(int prio, struct rb_node *n,
731                                               u32 id)
732 {
733         struct rb_node *r = NULL;
734         while (n) {
735                 struct htb_class *cl =
736                     rb_entry(n, struct htb_class, node[prio]);
737 
738                 if (id > cl->common.classid) {
739                         n = n->rb_right;
740                 } else if (id < cl->common.classid) {
741                         r = n;
742                         n = n->rb_left;
743                 } else {
744                         return n;
745                 }
746         }
747         return r;
748 }
749 
750 /**
751  * htb_lookup_leaf - returns next leaf class in DRR order
752  *
753  * Find leaf where current feed pointers points to.
754  */
755 static struct htb_class *htb_lookup_leaf(struct htb_prio *hprio, const int prio)
756 {
757         int i;
758         struct {
759                 struct rb_node *root;
760                 struct rb_node **pptr;
761                 u32 *pid;
762         } stk[TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH], *sp = stk;
763 
764         BUG_ON(!hprio->row.rb_node);
765         sp->root = hprio->row.rb_node;
766         sp->pptr = &hprio->ptr;
767         sp->pid = &hprio->last_ptr_id;
768 
769         for (i = 0; i < 65535; i++) {
770                 if (!*sp->pptr && *sp->pid) {
771                         /* ptr was invalidated but id is valid - try to recover
772                          * the original or next ptr
773                          */
774                         *sp->pptr =
775                             htb_id_find_next_upper(prio, sp->root, *sp->pid);
776                 }
777                 *sp->pid = 0;   /* ptr is valid now so that remove this hint as it
778                                  * can become out of date quickly
779                                  */
780                 if (!*sp->pptr) {       /* we are at right end; rewind & go up */
781                         *sp->pptr = sp->root;
782                         while ((*sp->pptr)->rb_left)
783                                 *sp->pptr = (*sp->pptr)->rb_left;
784                         if (sp > stk) {
785                                 sp--;
786                                 if (!*sp->pptr) {
787                                         WARN_ON(1);
788                                         return NULL;
789                                 }
790                                 htb_next_rb_node(sp->pptr);
791                         }
792                 } else {
793                         struct htb_class *cl;
794                         struct htb_prio *clp;
795 
796                         cl = rb_entry(*sp->pptr, struct htb_class, node[prio]);
797                         if (!cl->level)
798                                 return cl;
799                         clp = &cl->un.inner.clprio[prio];
800                         (++sp)->root = clp->feed.rb_node;
801                         sp->pptr = &clp->ptr;
802                         sp->pid = &clp->last_ptr_id;
803                 }
804         }
805         WARN_ON(1);
806         return NULL;
807 }
808 
809 /* dequeues packet at given priority and level; call only if
810  * you are sure that there is active class at prio/level
811  */
812 static struct sk_buff *htb_dequeue_tree(struct htb_sched *q, const int prio,
813                                         const int level)
814 {
815         struct sk_buff *skb = NULL;
816         struct htb_class *cl, *start;
817         struct htb_level *hlevel = &q->hlevel[level];
818         struct htb_prio *hprio = &hlevel->hprio[prio];
819 
820         /* look initial class up in the row */
821         start = cl = htb_lookup_leaf(hprio, prio);
822 
823         do {
824 next:
825                 if (unlikely(!cl))
826                         return NULL;
827 
828                 /* class can be empty - it is unlikely but can be true if leaf
829                  * qdisc drops packets in enqueue routine or if someone used
830                  * graft operation on the leaf since last dequeue;
831                  * simply deactivate and skip such class
832                  */
833                 if (unlikely(cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen == 0)) {
834                         struct htb_class *next;
835                         htb_deactivate(q, cl);
836 
837                         /* row/level might become empty */
838                         if ((q->row_mask[level] & (1 << prio)) == 0)
839                                 return NULL;
840 
841                         next = htb_lookup_leaf(hprio, prio);
842 
843                         if (cl == start)        /* fix start if we just deleted it */
844                                 start = next;
845                         cl = next;
846                         goto next;
847                 }
848 
849                 skb = cl->un.leaf.q->dequeue(cl->un.leaf.q);
850                 if (likely(skb != NULL))
851                         break;
852 
853                 qdisc_warn_nonwc("htb", cl->un.leaf.q);
854                 htb_next_rb_node(level ? &cl->parent->un.inner.clprio[prio].ptr:
855                                          &q->hlevel[0].hprio[prio].ptr);
856                 cl = htb_lookup_leaf(hprio, prio);
857 
858         } while (cl != start);
859 
860         if (likely(skb != NULL)) {
861                 bstats_update(&cl->bstats, skb);
862                 cl->un.leaf.deficit[level] -= qdisc_pkt_len(skb);
863                 if (cl->un.leaf.deficit[level] < 0) {
864                         cl->un.leaf.deficit[level] += cl->quantum;
865                         htb_next_rb_node(level ? &cl->parent->un.inner.clprio[prio].ptr :
866                                                  &q->hlevel[0].hprio[prio].ptr);
867                 }
868                 /* this used to be after charge_class but this constelation
869                  * gives us slightly better performance
870                  */
871                 if (!cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen)
872                         htb_deactivate(q, cl);
873                 htb_charge_class(q, cl, level, skb);
874         }
875         return skb;
876 }
877 
878 static struct sk_buff *htb_dequeue(struct Qdisc *sch)
879 {
880         struct sk_buff *skb;
881         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
882         int level;
883         s64 next_event;
884         unsigned long start_at;
885 
886         /* try to dequeue direct packets as high prio (!) to minimize cpu work */
887         skb = __skb_dequeue(&q->direct_queue);
888         if (skb != NULL) {
889 ok:
890                 qdisc_bstats_update(sch, skb);
891                 qdisc_unthrottled(sch);
892                 sch->q.qlen--;
893                 return skb;
894         }
895 
896         if (!sch->q.qlen)
897                 goto fin;
898         q->now = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get());
899         start_at = jiffies;
900 
901         next_event = q->now + 5LLU * NSEC_PER_SEC;
902 
903         for (level = 0; level < TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH; level++) {
904                 /* common case optimization - skip event handler quickly */
905                 int m;
906                 s64 event = q->near_ev_cache[level];
907 
908                 if (q->now >= event) {
909                         event = htb_do_events(q, level, start_at);
910                         if (!event)
911                                 event = q->now + NSEC_PER_SEC;
912                         q->near_ev_cache[level] = event;
913                 }
914 
915                 if (next_event > event)
916                         next_event = event;
917 
918                 m = ~q->row_mask[level];
919                 while (m != (int)(-1)) {
920                         int prio = ffz(m);
921 
922                         m |= 1 << prio;
923                         skb = htb_dequeue_tree(q, prio, level);
924                         if (likely(skb != NULL))
925                                 goto ok;
926                 }
927         }
928         sch->qstats.overlimits++;
929         if (likely(next_event > q->now)) {
930                 if (!test_bit(__QDISC_STATE_DEACTIVATED,
931                               &qdisc_root_sleeping(q->watchdog.qdisc)->state)) {
932                         ktime_t time = ns_to_ktime(next_event);
933                         qdisc_throttled(q->watchdog.qdisc);
934                         hrtimer_start(&q->watchdog.timer, time,
935                                       HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
936                 }
937         } else {
938                 schedule_work(&q->work);
939         }
940 fin:
941         return skb;
942 }
943 
944 /* try to drop from each class (by prio) until one succeed */
945 static unsigned int htb_drop(struct Qdisc *sch)
946 {
947         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
948         int prio;
949 
950         for (prio = TC_HTB_NUMPRIO - 1; prio >= 0; prio--) {
951                 struct list_head *p;
952                 list_for_each(p, q->drops + prio) {
953                         struct htb_class *cl = list_entry(p, struct htb_class,
954                                                           un.leaf.drop_list);
955                         unsigned int len;
956                         if (cl->un.leaf.q->ops->drop &&
957                             (len = cl->un.leaf.q->ops->drop(cl->un.leaf.q))) {
958                                 sch->q.qlen--;
959                                 if (!cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen)
960                                         htb_deactivate(q, cl);
961                                 return len;
962                         }
963                 }
964         }
965         return 0;
966 }
967 
968 /* reset all classes */
969 /* always caled under BH & queue lock */
970 static void htb_reset(struct Qdisc *sch)
971 {
972         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
973         struct htb_class *cl;
974         unsigned int i;
975 
976         for (i = 0; i < q->clhash.hashsize; i++) {
977                 hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &q->clhash.hash[i], common.hnode) {
978                         if (cl->level)
979                                 memset(&cl->un.inner, 0, sizeof(cl->un.inner));
980                         else {
981                                 if (cl->un.leaf.q)
982                                         qdisc_reset(cl->un.leaf.q);
983                                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cl->un.leaf.drop_list);
984                         }
985                         cl->prio_activity = 0;
986                         cl->cmode = HTB_CAN_SEND;
987 
988                 }
989         }
990         qdisc_watchdog_cancel(&q->watchdog);
991         __skb_queue_purge(&q->direct_queue);
992         sch->q.qlen = 0;
993         memset(q->hlevel, 0, sizeof(q->hlevel));
994         memset(q->row_mask, 0, sizeof(q->row_mask));
995         for (i = 0; i < TC_HTB_NUMPRIO; i++)
996                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(q->drops + i);
997 }
998 
999 static const struct nla_policy htb_policy[TCA_HTB_MAX + 1] = {
1000         [TCA_HTB_PARMS] = { .len = sizeof(struct tc_htb_opt) },
1001         [TCA_HTB_INIT]  = { .len = sizeof(struct tc_htb_glob) },
1002         [TCA_HTB_CTAB]  = { .type = NLA_BINARY, .len = TC_RTAB_SIZE },
1003         [TCA_HTB_RTAB]  = { .type = NLA_BINARY, .len = TC_RTAB_SIZE },
1004         [TCA_HTB_DIRECT_QLEN] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
1005         [TCA_HTB_RATE64] = { .type = NLA_U64 },
1006         [TCA_HTB_CEIL64] = { .type = NLA_U64 },
1007 };
1008 
1009 static void htb_work_func(struct work_struct *work)
1010 {
1011         struct htb_sched *q = container_of(work, struct htb_sched, work);
1012         struct Qdisc *sch = q->watchdog.qdisc;
1013 
1014         __netif_schedule(qdisc_root(sch));
1015 }
1016 
1017 static int htb_init(struct Qdisc *sch, struct nlattr *opt)
1018 {
1019         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1020         struct nlattr *tb[TCA_HTB_MAX + 1];
1021         struct tc_htb_glob *gopt;
1022         int err;
1023         int i;
1024 
1025         if (!opt)
1026                 return -EINVAL;
1027 
1028         err = nla_parse_nested(tb, TCA_HTB_MAX, opt, htb_policy);
1029         if (err < 0)
1030                 return err;
1031 
1032         if (!tb[TCA_HTB_INIT])
1033                 return -EINVAL;
1034 
1035         gopt = nla_data(tb[TCA_HTB_INIT]);
1036         if (gopt->version != HTB_VER >> 16)
1037                 return -EINVAL;
1038 
1039         err = qdisc_class_hash_init(&q->clhash);
1040         if (err < 0)
1041                 return err;
1042         for (i = 0; i < TC_HTB_NUMPRIO; i++)
1043                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(q->drops + i);
1044 
1045         qdisc_watchdog_init(&q->watchdog, sch);
1046         INIT_WORK(&q->work, htb_work_func);
1047         skb_queue_head_init(&q->direct_queue);
1048 
1049         if (tb[TCA_HTB_DIRECT_QLEN])
1050                 q->direct_qlen = nla_get_u32(tb[TCA_HTB_DIRECT_QLEN]);
1051         else {
1052                 q->direct_qlen = qdisc_dev(sch)->tx_queue_len;
1053                 if (q->direct_qlen < 2) /* some devices have zero tx_queue_len */
1054                         q->direct_qlen = 2;
1055         }
1056         if ((q->rate2quantum = gopt->rate2quantum) < 1)
1057                 q->rate2quantum = 1;
1058         q->defcls = gopt->defcls;
1059 
1060         return 0;
1061 }
1062 
1063 static int htb_dump(struct Qdisc *sch, struct sk_buff *skb)
1064 {
1065         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1066         struct nlattr *nest;
1067         struct tc_htb_glob gopt;
1068 
1069         /* Its safe to not acquire qdisc lock. As we hold RTNL,
1070          * no change can happen on the qdisc parameters.
1071          */
1072 
1073         gopt.direct_pkts = q->direct_pkts;
1074         gopt.version = HTB_VER;
1075         gopt.rate2quantum = q->rate2quantum;
1076         gopt.defcls = q->defcls;
1077         gopt.debug = 0;
1078 
1079         nest = nla_nest_start(skb, TCA_OPTIONS);
1080         if (nest == NULL)
1081                 goto nla_put_failure;
1082         if (nla_put(skb, TCA_HTB_INIT, sizeof(gopt), &gopt) ||
1083             nla_put_u32(skb, TCA_HTB_DIRECT_QLEN, q->direct_qlen))
1084                 goto nla_put_failure;
1085 
1086         return nla_nest_end(skb, nest);
1087 
1088 nla_put_failure:
1089         nla_nest_cancel(skb, nest);
1090         return -1;
1091 }
1092 
1093 static int htb_dump_class(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg,
1094                           struct sk_buff *skb, struct tcmsg *tcm)
1095 {
1096         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1097         struct nlattr *nest;
1098         struct tc_htb_opt opt;
1099 
1100         /* Its safe to not acquire qdisc lock. As we hold RTNL,
1101          * no change can happen on the class parameters.
1102          */
1103         tcm->tcm_parent = cl->parent ? cl->parent->common.classid : TC_H_ROOT;
1104         tcm->tcm_handle = cl->common.classid;
1105         if (!cl->level && cl->un.leaf.q)
1106                 tcm->tcm_info = cl->un.leaf.q->handle;
1107 
1108         nest = nla_nest_start(skb, TCA_OPTIONS);
1109         if (nest == NULL)
1110                 goto nla_put_failure;
1111 
1112         memset(&opt, 0, sizeof(opt));
1113 
1114         psched_ratecfg_getrate(&opt.rate, &cl->rate);
1115         opt.buffer = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(cl->buffer);
1116         psched_ratecfg_getrate(&opt.ceil, &cl->ceil);
1117         opt.cbuffer = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(cl->cbuffer);
1118         opt.quantum = cl->quantum;
1119         opt.prio = cl->prio;
1120         opt.level = cl->level;
1121         if (nla_put(skb, TCA_HTB_PARMS, sizeof(opt), &opt))
1122                 goto nla_put_failure;
1123         if ((cl->rate.rate_bytes_ps >= (1ULL << 32)) &&
1124             nla_put_u64(skb, TCA_HTB_RATE64, cl->rate.rate_bytes_ps))
1125                 goto nla_put_failure;
1126         if ((cl->ceil.rate_bytes_ps >= (1ULL << 32)) &&
1127             nla_put_u64(skb, TCA_HTB_CEIL64, cl->ceil.rate_bytes_ps))
1128                 goto nla_put_failure;
1129 
1130         return nla_nest_end(skb, nest);
1131 
1132 nla_put_failure:
1133         nla_nest_cancel(skb, nest);
1134         return -1;
1135 }
1136 
1137 static int
1138 htb_dump_class_stats(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct gnet_dump *d)
1139 {
1140         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1141 
1142         if (!cl->level && cl->un.leaf.q)
1143                 cl->qstats.qlen = cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen;
1144         cl->xstats.tokens = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(cl->tokens);
1145         cl->xstats.ctokens = PSCHED_NS2TICKS(cl->ctokens);
1146 
1147         if (gnet_stats_copy_basic(d, &cl->bstats) < 0 ||
1148             gnet_stats_copy_rate_est(d, NULL, &cl->rate_est) < 0 ||
1149             gnet_stats_copy_queue(d, &cl->qstats) < 0)
1150                 return -1;
1151 
1152         return gnet_stats_copy_app(d, &cl->xstats, sizeof(cl->xstats));
1153 }
1154 
1155 static int htb_graft(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg, struct Qdisc *new,
1156                      struct Qdisc **old)
1157 {
1158         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1159 
1160         if (cl->level)
1161                 return -EINVAL;
1162         if (new == NULL &&
1163             (new = qdisc_create_dflt(sch->dev_queue, &pfifo_qdisc_ops,
1164                                      cl->common.classid)) == NULL)
1165                 return -ENOBUFS;
1166 
1167         sch_tree_lock(sch);
1168         *old = cl->un.leaf.q;
1169         cl->un.leaf.q = new;
1170         if (*old != NULL) {
1171                 qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen(*old, (*old)->q.qlen);
1172                 qdisc_reset(*old);
1173         }
1174         sch_tree_unlock(sch);
1175         return 0;
1176 }
1177 
1178 static struct Qdisc *htb_leaf(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
1179 {
1180         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1181         return !cl->level ? cl->un.leaf.q : NULL;
1182 }
1183 
1184 static void htb_qlen_notify(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
1185 {
1186         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1187 
1188         if (cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen == 0)
1189                 htb_deactivate(qdisc_priv(sch), cl);
1190 }
1191 
1192 static unsigned long htb_get(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid)
1193 {
1194         struct htb_class *cl = htb_find(classid, sch);
1195         if (cl)
1196                 cl->refcnt++;
1197         return (unsigned long)cl;
1198 }
1199 
1200 static inline int htb_parent_last_child(struct htb_class *cl)
1201 {
1202         if (!cl->parent)
1203                 /* the root class */
1204                 return 0;
1205         if (cl->parent->children > 1)
1206                 /* not the last child */
1207                 return 0;
1208         return 1;
1209 }
1210 
1211 static void htb_parent_to_leaf(struct htb_sched *q, struct htb_class *cl,
1212                                struct Qdisc *new_q)
1213 {
1214         struct htb_class *parent = cl->parent;
1215 
1216         WARN_ON(cl->level || !cl->un.leaf.q || cl->prio_activity);
1217 
1218         if (parent->cmode != HTB_CAN_SEND)
1219                 htb_safe_rb_erase(&parent->pq_node,
1220                                   &q->hlevel[parent->level].wait_pq);
1221 
1222         parent->level = 0;
1223         memset(&parent->un.inner, 0, sizeof(parent->un.inner));
1224         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&parent->un.leaf.drop_list);
1225         parent->un.leaf.q = new_q ? new_q : &noop_qdisc;
1226         parent->tokens = parent->buffer;
1227         parent->ctokens = parent->cbuffer;
1228         parent->t_c = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get());
1229         parent->cmode = HTB_CAN_SEND;
1230 }
1231 
1232 static void htb_destroy_class(struct Qdisc *sch, struct htb_class *cl)
1233 {
1234         if (!cl->level) {
1235                 WARN_ON(!cl->un.leaf.q);
1236                 qdisc_destroy(cl->un.leaf.q);
1237         }
1238         gen_kill_estimator(&cl->bstats, &cl->rate_est);
1239         tcf_destroy_chain(&cl->filter_list);
1240         kfree(cl);
1241 }
1242 
1243 static void htb_destroy(struct Qdisc *sch)
1244 {
1245         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1246         struct hlist_node *next;
1247         struct htb_class *cl;
1248         unsigned int i;
1249 
1250         cancel_work_sync(&q->work);
1251         qdisc_watchdog_cancel(&q->watchdog);
1252         /* This line used to be after htb_destroy_class call below
1253          * and surprisingly it worked in 2.4. But it must precede it
1254          * because filter need its target class alive to be able to call
1255          * unbind_filter on it (without Oops).
1256          */
1257         tcf_destroy_chain(&q->filter_list);
1258 
1259         for (i = 0; i < q->clhash.hashsize; i++) {
1260                 hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &q->clhash.hash[i], common.hnode)
1261                         tcf_destroy_chain(&cl->filter_list);
1262         }
1263         for (i = 0; i < q->clhash.hashsize; i++) {
1264                 hlist_for_each_entry_safe(cl, next, &q->clhash.hash[i],
1265                                           common.hnode)
1266                         htb_destroy_class(sch, cl);
1267         }
1268         qdisc_class_hash_destroy(&q->clhash);
1269         __skb_queue_purge(&q->direct_queue);
1270 }
1271 
1272 static int htb_delete(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
1273 {
1274         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1275         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1276         unsigned int qlen;
1277         struct Qdisc *new_q = NULL;
1278         int last_child = 0;
1279 
1280         /* TODO: why don't allow to delete subtree ? references ? does
1281          * tc subsys guarantee us that in htb_destroy it holds no class
1282          * refs so that we can remove children safely there ?
1283          */
1284         if (cl->children || cl->filter_cnt)
1285                 return -EBUSY;
1286 
1287         if (!cl->level && htb_parent_last_child(cl)) {
1288                 new_q = qdisc_create_dflt(sch->dev_queue, &pfifo_qdisc_ops,
1289                                           cl->parent->common.classid);
1290                 last_child = 1;
1291         }
1292 
1293         sch_tree_lock(sch);
1294 
1295         if (!cl->level) {
1296                 qlen = cl->un.leaf.q->q.qlen;
1297                 qdisc_reset(cl->un.leaf.q);
1298                 qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen(cl->un.leaf.q, qlen);
1299         }
1300 
1301         /* delete from hash and active; remainder in destroy_class */
1302         qdisc_class_hash_remove(&q->clhash, &cl->common);
1303         if (cl->parent)
1304                 cl->parent->children--;
1305 
1306         if (cl->prio_activity)
1307                 htb_deactivate(q, cl);
1308 
1309         if (cl->cmode != HTB_CAN_SEND)
1310                 htb_safe_rb_erase(&cl->pq_node,
1311                                   &q->hlevel[cl->level].wait_pq);
1312 
1313         if (last_child)
1314                 htb_parent_to_leaf(q, cl, new_q);
1315 
1316         BUG_ON(--cl->refcnt == 0);
1317         /*
1318          * This shouldn't happen: we "hold" one cops->get() when called
1319          * from tc_ctl_tclass; the destroy method is done from cops->put().
1320          */
1321 
1322         sch_tree_unlock(sch);
1323         return 0;
1324 }
1325 
1326 static void htb_put(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
1327 {
1328         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1329 
1330         if (--cl->refcnt == 0)
1331                 htb_destroy_class(sch, cl);
1332 }
1333 
1334 static int htb_change_class(struct Qdisc *sch, u32 classid,
1335                             u32 parentid, struct nlattr **tca,
1336                             unsigned long *arg)
1337 {
1338         int err = -EINVAL;
1339         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1340         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)*arg, *parent;
1341         struct nlattr *opt = tca[TCA_OPTIONS];
1342         struct nlattr *tb[TCA_HTB_MAX + 1];
1343         struct tc_htb_opt *hopt;
1344         u64 rate64, ceil64;
1345 
1346         /* extract all subattrs from opt attr */
1347         if (!opt)
1348                 goto failure;
1349 
1350         err = nla_parse_nested(tb, TCA_HTB_MAX, opt, htb_policy);
1351         if (err < 0)
1352                 goto failure;
1353 
1354         err = -EINVAL;
1355         if (tb[TCA_HTB_PARMS] == NULL)
1356                 goto failure;
1357 
1358         parent = parentid == TC_H_ROOT ? NULL : htb_find(parentid, sch);
1359 
1360         hopt = nla_data(tb[TCA_HTB_PARMS]);
1361         if (!hopt->rate.rate || !hopt->ceil.rate)
1362                 goto failure;
1363 
1364         /* Keeping backward compatible with rate_table based iproute2 tc */
1365         if (hopt->rate.linklayer == TC_LINKLAYER_UNAWARE)
1366                 qdisc_put_rtab(qdisc_get_rtab(&hopt->rate, tb[TCA_HTB_RTAB]));
1367 
1368         if (hopt->ceil.linklayer == TC_LINKLAYER_UNAWARE)
1369                 qdisc_put_rtab(qdisc_get_rtab(&hopt->ceil, tb[TCA_HTB_CTAB]));
1370 
1371         if (!cl) {              /* new class */
1372                 struct Qdisc *new_q;
1373                 int prio;
1374                 struct {
1375                         struct nlattr           nla;
1376                         struct gnet_estimator   opt;
1377                 } est = {
1378                         .nla = {
1379                                 .nla_len        = nla_attr_size(sizeof(est.opt)),
1380                                 .nla_type       = TCA_RATE,
1381                         },
1382                         .opt = {
1383                                 /* 4s interval, 16s averaging constant */
1384                                 .interval       = 2,
1385                                 .ewma_log       = 2,
1386                         },
1387                 };
1388 
1389                 /* check for valid classid */
1390                 if (!classid || TC_H_MAJ(classid ^ sch->handle) ||
1391                     htb_find(classid, sch))
1392                         goto failure;
1393 
1394                 /* check maximal depth */
1395                 if (parent && parent->parent && parent->parent->level < 2) {
1396                         pr_err("htb: tree is too deep\n");
1397                         goto failure;
1398                 }
1399                 err = -ENOBUFS;
1400                 cl = kzalloc(sizeof(*cl), GFP_KERNEL);
1401                 if (!cl)
1402                         goto failure;
1403 
1404                 if (htb_rate_est || tca[TCA_RATE]) {
1405                         err = gen_new_estimator(&cl->bstats, &cl->rate_est,
1406                                                 qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(sch),
1407                                                 tca[TCA_RATE] ? : &est.nla);
1408                         if (err) {
1409                                 kfree(cl);
1410                                 goto failure;
1411                         }
1412                 }
1413 
1414                 cl->refcnt = 1;
1415                 cl->children = 0;
1416                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cl->un.leaf.drop_list);
1417                 RB_CLEAR_NODE(&cl->pq_node);
1418 
1419                 for (prio = 0; prio < TC_HTB_NUMPRIO; prio++)
1420                         RB_CLEAR_NODE(&cl->node[prio]);
1421 
1422                 /* create leaf qdisc early because it uses kmalloc(GFP_KERNEL)
1423                  * so that can't be used inside of sch_tree_lock
1424                  * -- thanks to Karlis Peisenieks
1425                  */
1426                 new_q = qdisc_create_dflt(sch->dev_queue,
1427                                           &pfifo_qdisc_ops, classid);
1428                 sch_tree_lock(sch);
1429                 if (parent && !parent->level) {
1430                         unsigned int qlen = parent->un.leaf.q->q.qlen;
1431 
1432                         /* turn parent into inner node */
1433                         qdisc_reset(parent->un.leaf.q);
1434                         qdisc_tree_decrease_qlen(parent->un.leaf.q, qlen);
1435                         qdisc_destroy(parent->un.leaf.q);
1436                         if (parent->prio_activity)
1437                                 htb_deactivate(q, parent);
1438 
1439                         /* remove from evt list because of level change */
1440                         if (parent->cmode != HTB_CAN_SEND) {
1441                                 htb_safe_rb_erase(&parent->pq_node, &q->hlevel[0].wait_pq);
1442                                 parent->cmode = HTB_CAN_SEND;
1443                         }
1444                         parent->level = (parent->parent ? parent->parent->level
1445                                          : TC_HTB_MAXDEPTH) - 1;
1446                         memset(&parent->un.inner, 0, sizeof(parent->un.inner));
1447                 }
1448                 /* leaf (we) needs elementary qdisc */
1449                 cl->un.leaf.q = new_q ? new_q : &noop_qdisc;
1450 
1451                 cl->common.classid = classid;
1452                 cl->parent = parent;
1453 
1454                 /* set class to be in HTB_CAN_SEND state */
1455                 cl->tokens = PSCHED_TICKS2NS(hopt->buffer);
1456                 cl->ctokens = PSCHED_TICKS2NS(hopt->cbuffer);
1457                 cl->mbuffer = 60ULL * NSEC_PER_SEC;     /* 1min */
1458                 cl->t_c = ktime_to_ns(ktime_get());
1459                 cl->cmode = HTB_CAN_SEND;
1460 
1461                 /* attach to the hash list and parent's family */
1462                 qdisc_class_hash_insert(&q->clhash, &cl->common);
1463                 if (parent)
1464                         parent->children++;
1465         } else {
1466                 if (tca[TCA_RATE]) {
1467                         err = gen_replace_estimator(&cl->bstats, &cl->rate_est,
1468                                                     qdisc_root_sleeping_lock(sch),
1469                                                     tca[TCA_RATE]);
1470                         if (err)
1471                                 return err;
1472                 }
1473                 sch_tree_lock(sch);
1474         }
1475 
1476         rate64 = tb[TCA_HTB_RATE64] ? nla_get_u64(tb[TCA_HTB_RATE64]) : 0;
1477 
1478         ceil64 = tb[TCA_HTB_CEIL64] ? nla_get_u64(tb[TCA_HTB_CEIL64]) : 0;
1479 
1480         psched_ratecfg_precompute(&cl->rate, &hopt->rate, rate64);
1481         psched_ratecfg_precompute(&cl->ceil, &hopt->ceil, ceil64);
1482 
1483         /* it used to be a nasty bug here, we have to check that node
1484          * is really leaf before changing cl->un.leaf !
1485          */
1486         if (!cl->level) {
1487                 u64 quantum = cl->rate.rate_bytes_ps;
1488 
1489                 do_div(quantum, q->rate2quantum);
1490                 cl->quantum = min_t(u64, quantum, INT_MAX);
1491 
1492                 if (!hopt->quantum && cl->quantum < 1000) {
1493                         pr_warn("HTB: quantum of class %X is small. Consider r2q change.\n",
1494                                 cl->common.classid);
1495                         cl->quantum = 1000;
1496                 }
1497                 if (!hopt->quantum && cl->quantum > 200000) {
1498                         pr_warn("HTB: quantum of class %X is big. Consider r2q change.\n",
1499                                 cl->common.classid);
1500                         cl->quantum = 200000;
1501                 }
1502                 if (hopt->quantum)
1503                         cl->quantum = hopt->quantum;
1504                 if ((cl->prio = hopt->prio) >= TC_HTB_NUMPRIO)
1505                         cl->prio = TC_HTB_NUMPRIO - 1;
1506         }
1507 
1508         cl->buffer = PSCHED_TICKS2NS(hopt->buffer);
1509         cl->cbuffer = PSCHED_TICKS2NS(hopt->cbuffer);
1510 
1511         sch_tree_unlock(sch);
1512 
1513         qdisc_class_hash_grow(sch, &q->clhash);
1514 
1515         *arg = (unsigned long)cl;
1516         return 0;
1517 
1518 failure:
1519         return err;
1520 }
1521 
1522 static struct tcf_proto **htb_find_tcf(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
1523 {
1524         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1525         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1526         struct tcf_proto **fl = cl ? &cl->filter_list : &q->filter_list;
1527 
1528         return fl;
1529 }
1530 
1531 static unsigned long htb_bind_filter(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long parent,
1532                                      u32 classid)
1533 {
1534         struct htb_class *cl = htb_find(classid, sch);
1535 
1536         /*if (cl && !cl->level) return 0;
1537          * The line above used to be there to prevent attaching filters to
1538          * leaves. But at least tc_index filter uses this just to get class
1539          * for other reasons so that we have to allow for it.
1540          * ----
1541          * 19.6.2002 As Werner explained it is ok - bind filter is just
1542          * another way to "lock" the class - unlike "get" this lock can
1543          * be broken by class during destroy IIUC.
1544          */
1545         if (cl)
1546                 cl->filter_cnt++;
1547         return (unsigned long)cl;
1548 }
1549 
1550 static void htb_unbind_filter(struct Qdisc *sch, unsigned long arg)
1551 {
1552         struct htb_class *cl = (struct htb_class *)arg;
1553 
1554         if (cl)
1555                 cl->filter_cnt--;
1556 }
1557 
1558 static void htb_walk(struct Qdisc *sch, struct qdisc_walker *arg)
1559 {
1560         struct htb_sched *q = qdisc_priv(sch);
1561         struct htb_class *cl;
1562         unsigned int i;
1563 
1564         if (arg->stop)
1565                 return;
1566 
1567         for (i = 0; i < q->clhash.hashsize; i++) {
1568                 hlist_for_each_entry(cl, &q->clhash.hash[i], common.hnode) {
1569                         if (arg->count < arg->skip) {
1570                                 arg->count++;
1571                                 continue;
1572                         }
1573                         if (arg->fn(sch, (unsigned long)cl, arg) < 0) {
1574                                 arg->stop = 1;
1575                                 return;
1576                         }
1577                         arg->count++;
1578                 }
1579         }
1580 }
1581 
1582 static const struct Qdisc_class_ops htb_class_ops = {
1583         .graft          =       htb_graft,
1584         .leaf           =       htb_leaf,
1585         .qlen_notify    =       htb_qlen_notify,
1586         .get            =       htb_get,
1587         .put            =       htb_put,
1588         .change         =       htb_change_class,
1589         .delete         =       htb_delete,
1590         .walk           =       htb_walk,
1591         .tcf_chain      =       htb_find_tcf,
1592         .bind_tcf       =       htb_bind_filter,
1593         .unbind_tcf     =       htb_unbind_filter,
1594         .dump           =       htb_dump_class,
1595         .dump_stats     =       htb_dump_class_stats,
1596 };
1597 
1598 static struct Qdisc_ops htb_qdisc_ops __read_mostly = {
1599         .cl_ops         =       &htb_class_ops,
1600         .id             =       "htb",
1601         .priv_size      =       sizeof(struct htb_sched),
1602         .enqueue        =       htb_enqueue,
1603         .dequeue        =       htb_dequeue,
1604         .peek           =       qdisc_peek_dequeued,
1605         .drop           =       htb_drop,
1606         .init           =       htb_init,
1607         .reset          =       htb_reset,
1608         .destroy        =       htb_destroy,
1609         .dump           =       htb_dump,
1610         .owner          =       THIS_MODULE,
1611 };
1612 
1613 static int __init htb_module_init(void)
1614 {
1615         return register_qdisc(&htb_qdisc_ops);
1616 }
1617 static void __exit htb_module_exit(void)
1618 {
1619         unregister_qdisc(&htb_qdisc_ops);
1620 }
1621 
1622 module_init(htb_module_init)
1623 module_exit(htb_module_exit)
1624 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
1625 

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