Version:  2.0.40 2.2.26 2.4.37 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16

Linux/net/ipv4/ip_output.c

  1 /*
  2  * INET         An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
  3  *              operating system.  INET is implemented using the  BSD Socket
  4  *              interface as the means of communication with the user level.
  5  *
  6  *              The Internet Protocol (IP) output module.
  7  *
  8  * Authors:     Ross Biro
  9  *              Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG>
 10  *              Donald Becker, <becker@super.org>
 11  *              Alan Cox, <Alan.Cox@linux.org>
 12  *              Richard Underwood
 13  *              Stefan Becker, <stefanb@yello.ping.de>
 14  *              Jorge Cwik, <jorge@laser.satlink.net>
 15  *              Arnt Gulbrandsen, <agulbra@nvg.unit.no>
 16  *              Hirokazu Takahashi, <taka@valinux.co.jp>
 17  *
 18  *      See ip_input.c for original log
 19  *
 20  *      Fixes:
 21  *              Alan Cox        :       Missing nonblock feature in ip_build_xmit.
 22  *              Mike Kilburn    :       htons() missing in ip_build_xmit.
 23  *              Bradford Johnson:       Fix faulty handling of some frames when
 24  *                                      no route is found.
 25  *              Alexander Demenshin:    Missing sk/skb free in ip_queue_xmit
 26  *                                      (in case if packet not accepted by
 27  *                                      output firewall rules)
 28  *              Mike McLagan    :       Routing by source
 29  *              Alexey Kuznetsov:       use new route cache
 30  *              Andi Kleen:             Fix broken PMTU recovery and remove
 31  *                                      some redundant tests.
 32  *      Vitaly E. Lavrov        :       Transparent proxy revived after year coma.
 33  *              Andi Kleen      :       Replace ip_reply with ip_send_reply.
 34  *              Andi Kleen      :       Split fast and slow ip_build_xmit path
 35  *                                      for decreased register pressure on x86
 36  *                                      and more readibility.
 37  *              Marc Boucher    :       When call_out_firewall returns FW_QUEUE,
 38  *                                      silently drop skb instead of failing with -EPERM.
 39  *              Detlev Wengorz  :       Copy protocol for fragments.
 40  *              Hirokazu Takahashi:     HW checksumming for outgoing UDP
 41  *                                      datagrams.
 42  *              Hirokazu Takahashi:     sendfile() on UDP works now.
 43  */
 44 
 45 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 46 #include <linux/module.h>
 47 #include <linux/types.h>
 48 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 49 #include <linux/mm.h>
 50 #include <linux/string.h>
 51 #include <linux/errno.h>
 52 #include <linux/highmem.h>
 53 #include <linux/slab.h>
 54 
 55 #include <linux/socket.h>
 56 #include <linux/sockios.h>
 57 #include <linux/in.h>
 58 #include <linux/inet.h>
 59 #include <linux/netdevice.h>
 60 #include <linux/etherdevice.h>
 61 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
 62 #include <linux/stat.h>
 63 #include <linux/init.h>
 64 
 65 #include <net/snmp.h>
 66 #include <net/ip.h>
 67 #include <net/protocol.h>
 68 #include <net/route.h>
 69 #include <net/xfrm.h>
 70 #include <linux/skbuff.h>
 71 #include <net/sock.h>
 72 #include <net/arp.h>
 73 #include <net/icmp.h>
 74 #include <net/checksum.h>
 75 #include <net/inetpeer.h>
 76 #include <linux/igmp.h>
 77 #include <linux/netfilter_ipv4.h>
 78 #include <linux/netfilter_bridge.h>
 79 #include <linux/mroute.h>
 80 #include <linux/netlink.h>
 81 #include <linux/tcp.h>
 82 
 83 int sysctl_ip_default_ttl __read_mostly = IPDEFTTL;
 84 EXPORT_SYMBOL(sysctl_ip_default_ttl);
 85 
 86 /* Generate a checksum for an outgoing IP datagram. */
 87 void ip_send_check(struct iphdr *iph)
 88 {
 89         iph->check = 0;
 90         iph->check = ip_fast_csum((unsigned char *)iph, iph->ihl);
 91 }
 92 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_send_check);
 93 
 94 int __ip_local_out(struct sk_buff *skb)
 95 {
 96         struct iphdr *iph = ip_hdr(skb);
 97 
 98         iph->tot_len = htons(skb->len);
 99         ip_send_check(iph);
100         return nf_hook(NFPROTO_IPV4, NF_INET_LOCAL_OUT, skb, NULL,
101                        skb_dst(skb)->dev, dst_output);
102 }
103 
104 int ip_local_out_sk(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
105 {
106         int err;
107 
108         err = __ip_local_out(skb);
109         if (likely(err == 1))
110                 err = dst_output_sk(sk, skb);
111 
112         return err;
113 }
114 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ip_local_out_sk);
115 
116 static inline int ip_select_ttl(struct inet_sock *inet, struct dst_entry *dst)
117 {
118         int ttl = inet->uc_ttl;
119 
120         if (ttl < 0)
121                 ttl = ip4_dst_hoplimit(dst);
122         return ttl;
123 }
124 
125 /*
126  *              Add an ip header to a skbuff and send it out.
127  *
128  */
129 int ip_build_and_send_pkt(struct sk_buff *skb, struct sock *sk,
130                           __be32 saddr, __be32 daddr, struct ip_options_rcu *opt)
131 {
132         struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
133         struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
134         struct iphdr *iph;
135 
136         /* Build the IP header. */
137         skb_push(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr) + (opt ? opt->opt.optlen : 0));
138         skb_reset_network_header(skb);
139         iph = ip_hdr(skb);
140         iph->version  = 4;
141         iph->ihl      = 5;
142         iph->tos      = inet->tos;
143         if (ip_dont_fragment(sk, &rt->dst))
144                 iph->frag_off = htons(IP_DF);
145         else
146                 iph->frag_off = 0;
147         iph->ttl      = ip_select_ttl(inet, &rt->dst);
148         iph->daddr    = (opt && opt->opt.srr ? opt->opt.faddr : daddr);
149         iph->saddr    = saddr;
150         iph->protocol = sk->sk_protocol;
151         ip_select_ident(skb, sk);
152 
153         if (opt && opt->opt.optlen) {
154                 iph->ihl += opt->opt.optlen>>2;
155                 ip_options_build(skb, &opt->opt, daddr, rt, 0);
156         }
157 
158         skb->priority = sk->sk_priority;
159         skb->mark = sk->sk_mark;
160 
161         /* Send it out. */
162         return ip_local_out(skb);
163 }
164 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ip_build_and_send_pkt);
165 
166 static inline int ip_finish_output2(struct sk_buff *skb)
167 {
168         struct dst_entry *dst = skb_dst(skb);
169         struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *)dst;
170         struct net_device *dev = dst->dev;
171         unsigned int hh_len = LL_RESERVED_SPACE(dev);
172         struct neighbour *neigh;
173         u32 nexthop;
174 
175         if (rt->rt_type == RTN_MULTICAST) {
176                 IP_UPD_PO_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTMCAST, skb->len);
177         } else if (rt->rt_type == RTN_BROADCAST)
178                 IP_UPD_PO_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTBCAST, skb->len);
179 
180         /* Be paranoid, rather than too clever. */
181         if (unlikely(skb_headroom(skb) < hh_len && dev->header_ops)) {
182                 struct sk_buff *skb2;
183 
184                 skb2 = skb_realloc_headroom(skb, LL_RESERVED_SPACE(dev));
185                 if (skb2 == NULL) {
186                         kfree_skb(skb);
187                         return -ENOMEM;
188                 }
189                 if (skb->sk)
190                         skb_set_owner_w(skb2, skb->sk);
191                 consume_skb(skb);
192                 skb = skb2;
193         }
194 
195         rcu_read_lock_bh();
196         nexthop = (__force u32) rt_nexthop(rt, ip_hdr(skb)->daddr);
197         neigh = __ipv4_neigh_lookup_noref(dev, nexthop);
198         if (unlikely(!neigh))
199                 neigh = __neigh_create(&arp_tbl, &nexthop, dev, false);
200         if (!IS_ERR(neigh)) {
201                 int res = dst_neigh_output(dst, neigh, skb);
202 
203                 rcu_read_unlock_bh();
204                 return res;
205         }
206         rcu_read_unlock_bh();
207 
208         net_dbg_ratelimited("%s: No header cache and no neighbour!\n",
209                             __func__);
210         kfree_skb(skb);
211         return -EINVAL;
212 }
213 
214 static int ip_finish_output_gso(struct sk_buff *skb)
215 {
216         netdev_features_t features;
217         struct sk_buff *segs;
218         int ret = 0;
219 
220         /* common case: locally created skb or seglen is <= mtu */
221         if (((IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_FORWARDED) == 0) ||
222               skb_gso_network_seglen(skb) <= ip_skb_dst_mtu(skb))
223                 return ip_finish_output2(skb);
224 
225         /* Slowpath -  GSO segment length is exceeding the dst MTU.
226          *
227          * This can happen in two cases:
228          * 1) TCP GRO packet, DF bit not set
229          * 2) skb arrived via virtio-net, we thus get TSO/GSO skbs directly
230          * from host network stack.
231          */
232         features = netif_skb_features(skb);
233         segs = skb_gso_segment(skb, features & ~NETIF_F_GSO_MASK);
234         if (IS_ERR(segs)) {
235                 kfree_skb(skb);
236                 return -ENOMEM;
237         }
238 
239         consume_skb(skb);
240 
241         do {
242                 struct sk_buff *nskb = segs->next;
243                 int err;
244 
245                 segs->next = NULL;
246                 err = ip_fragment(segs, ip_finish_output2);
247 
248                 if (err && ret == 0)
249                         ret = err;
250                 segs = nskb;
251         } while (segs);
252 
253         return ret;
254 }
255 
256 static int ip_finish_output(struct sk_buff *skb)
257 {
258 #if defined(CONFIG_NETFILTER) && defined(CONFIG_XFRM)
259         /* Policy lookup after SNAT yielded a new policy */
260         if (skb_dst(skb)->xfrm != NULL) {
261                 IPCB(skb)->flags |= IPSKB_REROUTED;
262                 return dst_output(skb);
263         }
264 #endif
265         if (skb_is_gso(skb))
266                 return ip_finish_output_gso(skb);
267 
268         if (skb->len > ip_skb_dst_mtu(skb))
269                 return ip_fragment(skb, ip_finish_output2);
270 
271         return ip_finish_output2(skb);
272 }
273 
274 int ip_mc_output(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
275 {
276         struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
277         struct net_device *dev = rt->dst.dev;
278 
279         /*
280          *      If the indicated interface is up and running, send the packet.
281          */
282         IP_UPD_PO_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_OUT, skb->len);
283 
284         skb->dev = dev;
285         skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IP);
286 
287         /*
288          *      Multicasts are looped back for other local users
289          */
290 
291         if (rt->rt_flags&RTCF_MULTICAST) {
292                 if (sk_mc_loop(sk)
293 #ifdef CONFIG_IP_MROUTE
294                 /* Small optimization: do not loopback not local frames,
295                    which returned after forwarding; they will be  dropped
296                    by ip_mr_input in any case.
297                    Note, that local frames are looped back to be delivered
298                    to local recipients.
299 
300                    This check is duplicated in ip_mr_input at the moment.
301                  */
302                     &&
303                     ((rt->rt_flags & RTCF_LOCAL) ||
304                      !(IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_FORWARDED))
305 #endif
306                    ) {
307                         struct sk_buff *newskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
308                         if (newskb)
309                                 NF_HOOK(NFPROTO_IPV4, NF_INET_POST_ROUTING,
310                                         newskb, NULL, newskb->dev,
311                                         dev_loopback_xmit);
312                 }
313 
314                 /* Multicasts with ttl 0 must not go beyond the host */
315 
316                 if (ip_hdr(skb)->ttl == 0) {
317                         kfree_skb(skb);
318                         return 0;
319                 }
320         }
321 
322         if (rt->rt_flags&RTCF_BROADCAST) {
323                 struct sk_buff *newskb = skb_clone(skb, GFP_ATOMIC);
324                 if (newskb)
325                         NF_HOOK(NFPROTO_IPV4, NF_INET_POST_ROUTING, newskb,
326                                 NULL, newskb->dev, dev_loopback_xmit);
327         }
328 
329         return NF_HOOK_COND(NFPROTO_IPV4, NF_INET_POST_ROUTING, skb, NULL,
330                             skb->dev, ip_finish_output,
331                             !(IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_REROUTED));
332 }
333 
334 int ip_output(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
335 {
336         struct net_device *dev = skb_dst(skb)->dev;
337 
338         IP_UPD_PO_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_OUT, skb->len);
339 
340         skb->dev = dev;
341         skb->protocol = htons(ETH_P_IP);
342 
343         return NF_HOOK_COND(NFPROTO_IPV4, NF_INET_POST_ROUTING, skb, NULL, dev,
344                             ip_finish_output,
345                             !(IPCB(skb)->flags & IPSKB_REROUTED));
346 }
347 
348 /*
349  * copy saddr and daddr, possibly using 64bit load/stores
350  * Equivalent to :
351  *   iph->saddr = fl4->saddr;
352  *   iph->daddr = fl4->daddr;
353  */
354 static void ip_copy_addrs(struct iphdr *iph, const struct flowi4 *fl4)
355 {
356         BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(typeof(*fl4), daddr) !=
357                      offsetof(typeof(*fl4), saddr) + sizeof(fl4->saddr));
358         memcpy(&iph->saddr, &fl4->saddr,
359                sizeof(fl4->saddr) + sizeof(fl4->daddr));
360 }
361 
362 /* Note: skb->sk can be different from sk, in case of tunnels */
363 int ip_queue_xmit(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, struct flowi *fl)
364 {
365         struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
366         struct ip_options_rcu *inet_opt;
367         struct flowi4 *fl4;
368         struct rtable *rt;
369         struct iphdr *iph;
370         int res;
371 
372         /* Skip all of this if the packet is already routed,
373          * f.e. by something like SCTP.
374          */
375         rcu_read_lock();
376         inet_opt = rcu_dereference(inet->inet_opt);
377         fl4 = &fl->u.ip4;
378         rt = skb_rtable(skb);
379         if (rt != NULL)
380                 goto packet_routed;
381 
382         /* Make sure we can route this packet. */
383         rt = (struct rtable *)__sk_dst_check(sk, 0);
384         if (rt == NULL) {
385                 __be32 daddr;
386 
387                 /* Use correct destination address if we have options. */
388                 daddr = inet->inet_daddr;
389                 if (inet_opt && inet_opt->opt.srr)
390                         daddr = inet_opt->opt.faddr;
391 
392                 /* If this fails, retransmit mechanism of transport layer will
393                  * keep trying until route appears or the connection times
394                  * itself out.
395                  */
396                 rt = ip_route_output_ports(sock_net(sk), fl4, sk,
397                                            daddr, inet->inet_saddr,
398                                            inet->inet_dport,
399                                            inet->inet_sport,
400                                            sk->sk_protocol,
401                                            RT_CONN_FLAGS(sk),
402                                            sk->sk_bound_dev_if);
403                 if (IS_ERR(rt))
404                         goto no_route;
405                 sk_setup_caps(sk, &rt->dst);
406         }
407         skb_dst_set_noref(skb, &rt->dst);
408 
409 packet_routed:
410         if (inet_opt && inet_opt->opt.is_strictroute && rt->rt_uses_gateway)
411                 goto no_route;
412 
413         /* OK, we know where to send it, allocate and build IP header. */
414         skb_push(skb, sizeof(struct iphdr) + (inet_opt ? inet_opt->opt.optlen : 0));
415         skb_reset_network_header(skb);
416         iph = ip_hdr(skb);
417         *((__be16 *)iph) = htons((4 << 12) | (5 << 8) | (inet->tos & 0xff));
418         if (ip_dont_fragment(sk, &rt->dst) && !skb->ignore_df)
419                 iph->frag_off = htons(IP_DF);
420         else
421                 iph->frag_off = 0;
422         iph->ttl      = ip_select_ttl(inet, &rt->dst);
423         iph->protocol = sk->sk_protocol;
424         ip_copy_addrs(iph, fl4);
425 
426         /* Transport layer set skb->h.foo itself. */
427 
428         if (inet_opt && inet_opt->opt.optlen) {
429                 iph->ihl += inet_opt->opt.optlen >> 2;
430                 ip_options_build(skb, &inet_opt->opt, inet->inet_daddr, rt, 0);
431         }
432 
433         ip_select_ident_segs(skb, sk, skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_segs ?: 1);
434 
435         /* TODO : should we use skb->sk here instead of sk ? */
436         skb->priority = sk->sk_priority;
437         skb->mark = sk->sk_mark;
438 
439         res = ip_local_out(skb);
440         rcu_read_unlock();
441         return res;
442 
443 no_route:
444         rcu_read_unlock();
445         IP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTNOROUTES);
446         kfree_skb(skb);
447         return -EHOSTUNREACH;
448 }
449 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_queue_xmit);
450 
451 
452 static void ip_copy_metadata(struct sk_buff *to, struct sk_buff *from)
453 {
454         to->pkt_type = from->pkt_type;
455         to->priority = from->priority;
456         to->protocol = from->protocol;
457         skb_dst_drop(to);
458         skb_dst_copy(to, from);
459         to->dev = from->dev;
460         to->mark = from->mark;
461 
462         /* Copy the flags to each fragment. */
463         IPCB(to)->flags = IPCB(from)->flags;
464 
465 #ifdef CONFIG_NET_SCHED
466         to->tc_index = from->tc_index;
467 #endif
468         nf_copy(to, from);
469 #if defined(CONFIG_IP_VS) || defined(CONFIG_IP_VS_MODULE)
470         to->ipvs_property = from->ipvs_property;
471 #endif
472         skb_copy_secmark(to, from);
473 }
474 
475 /*
476  *      This IP datagram is too large to be sent in one piece.  Break it up into
477  *      smaller pieces (each of size equal to IP header plus
478  *      a block of the data of the original IP data part) that will yet fit in a
479  *      single device frame, and queue such a frame for sending.
480  */
481 
482 int ip_fragment(struct sk_buff *skb, int (*output)(struct sk_buff *))
483 {
484         struct iphdr *iph;
485         int ptr;
486         struct net_device *dev;
487         struct sk_buff *skb2;
488         unsigned int mtu, hlen, left, len, ll_rs;
489         int offset;
490         __be16 not_last_frag;
491         struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
492         int err = 0;
493 
494         dev = rt->dst.dev;
495 
496         /*
497          *      Point into the IP datagram header.
498          */
499 
500         iph = ip_hdr(skb);
501 
502         mtu = ip_skb_dst_mtu(skb);
503         if (unlikely(((iph->frag_off & htons(IP_DF)) && !skb->ignore_df) ||
504                      (IPCB(skb)->frag_max_size &&
505                       IPCB(skb)->frag_max_size > mtu))) {
506                 IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGFAILS);
507                 icmp_send(skb, ICMP_DEST_UNREACH, ICMP_FRAG_NEEDED,
508                           htonl(mtu));
509                 kfree_skb(skb);
510                 return -EMSGSIZE;
511         }
512 
513         /*
514          *      Setup starting values.
515          */
516 
517         hlen = iph->ihl * 4;
518         mtu = mtu - hlen;       /* Size of data space */
519 #ifdef CONFIG_BRIDGE_NETFILTER
520         if (skb->nf_bridge)
521                 mtu -= nf_bridge_mtu_reduction(skb);
522 #endif
523         IPCB(skb)->flags |= IPSKB_FRAG_COMPLETE;
524 
525         /* When frag_list is given, use it. First, check its validity:
526          * some transformers could create wrong frag_list or break existing
527          * one, it is not prohibited. In this case fall back to copying.
528          *
529          * LATER: this step can be merged to real generation of fragments,
530          * we can switch to copy when see the first bad fragment.
531          */
532         if (skb_has_frag_list(skb)) {
533                 struct sk_buff *frag, *frag2;
534                 int first_len = skb_pagelen(skb);
535 
536                 if (first_len - hlen > mtu ||
537                     ((first_len - hlen) & 7) ||
538                     ip_is_fragment(iph) ||
539                     skb_cloned(skb))
540                         goto slow_path;
541 
542                 skb_walk_frags(skb, frag) {
543                         /* Correct geometry. */
544                         if (frag->len > mtu ||
545                             ((frag->len & 7) && frag->next) ||
546                             skb_headroom(frag) < hlen)
547                                 goto slow_path_clean;
548 
549                         /* Partially cloned skb? */
550                         if (skb_shared(frag))
551                                 goto slow_path_clean;
552 
553                         BUG_ON(frag->sk);
554                         if (skb->sk) {
555                                 frag->sk = skb->sk;
556                                 frag->destructor = sock_wfree;
557                         }
558                         skb->truesize -= frag->truesize;
559                 }
560 
561                 /* Everything is OK. Generate! */
562 
563                 err = 0;
564                 offset = 0;
565                 frag = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list;
566                 skb_frag_list_init(skb);
567                 skb->data_len = first_len - skb_headlen(skb);
568                 skb->len = first_len;
569                 iph->tot_len = htons(first_len);
570                 iph->frag_off = htons(IP_MF);
571                 ip_send_check(iph);
572 
573                 for (;;) {
574                         /* Prepare header of the next frame,
575                          * before previous one went down. */
576                         if (frag) {
577                                 frag->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;
578                                 skb_reset_transport_header(frag);
579                                 __skb_push(frag, hlen);
580                                 skb_reset_network_header(frag);
581                                 memcpy(skb_network_header(frag), iph, hlen);
582                                 iph = ip_hdr(frag);
583                                 iph->tot_len = htons(frag->len);
584                                 ip_copy_metadata(frag, skb);
585                                 if (offset == 0)
586                                         ip_options_fragment(frag);
587                                 offset += skb->len - hlen;
588                                 iph->frag_off = htons(offset>>3);
589                                 if (frag->next != NULL)
590                                         iph->frag_off |= htons(IP_MF);
591                                 /* Ready, complete checksum */
592                                 ip_send_check(iph);
593                         }
594 
595                         err = output(skb);
596 
597                         if (!err)
598                                 IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGCREATES);
599                         if (err || !frag)
600                                 break;
601 
602                         skb = frag;
603                         frag = skb->next;
604                         skb->next = NULL;
605                 }
606 
607                 if (err == 0) {
608                         IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGOKS);
609                         return 0;
610                 }
611 
612                 while (frag) {
613                         skb = frag->next;
614                         kfree_skb(frag);
615                         frag = skb;
616                 }
617                 IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGFAILS);
618                 return err;
619 
620 slow_path_clean:
621                 skb_walk_frags(skb, frag2) {
622                         if (frag2 == frag)
623                                 break;
624                         frag2->sk = NULL;
625                         frag2->destructor = NULL;
626                         skb->truesize += frag2->truesize;
627                 }
628         }
629 
630 slow_path:
631         /* for offloaded checksums cleanup checksum before fragmentation */
632         if ((skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) && skb_checksum_help(skb))
633                 goto fail;
634         iph = ip_hdr(skb);
635 
636         left = skb->len - hlen;         /* Space per frame */
637         ptr = hlen;             /* Where to start from */
638 
639         /* for bridged IP traffic encapsulated inside f.e. a vlan header,
640          * we need to make room for the encapsulating header
641          */
642         ll_rs = LL_RESERVED_SPACE_EXTRA(rt->dst.dev, nf_bridge_pad(skb));
643 
644         /*
645          *      Fragment the datagram.
646          */
647 
648         offset = (ntohs(iph->frag_off) & IP_OFFSET) << 3;
649         not_last_frag = iph->frag_off & htons(IP_MF);
650 
651         /*
652          *      Keep copying data until we run out.
653          */
654 
655         while (left > 0) {
656                 len = left;
657                 /* IF: it doesn't fit, use 'mtu' - the data space left */
658                 if (len > mtu)
659                         len = mtu;
660                 /* IF: we are not sending up to and including the packet end
661                    then align the next start on an eight byte boundary */
662                 if (len < left) {
663                         len &= ~7;
664                 }
665                 /*
666                  *      Allocate buffer.
667                  */
668 
669                 if ((skb2 = alloc_skb(len+hlen+ll_rs, GFP_ATOMIC)) == NULL) {
670                         NETDEBUG(KERN_INFO "IP: frag: no memory for new fragment!\n");
671                         err = -ENOMEM;
672                         goto fail;
673                 }
674 
675                 /*
676                  *      Set up data on packet
677                  */
678 
679                 ip_copy_metadata(skb2, skb);
680                 skb_reserve(skb2, ll_rs);
681                 skb_put(skb2, len + hlen);
682                 skb_reset_network_header(skb2);
683                 skb2->transport_header = skb2->network_header + hlen;
684 
685                 /*
686                  *      Charge the memory for the fragment to any owner
687                  *      it might possess
688                  */
689 
690                 if (skb->sk)
691                         skb_set_owner_w(skb2, skb->sk);
692 
693                 /*
694                  *      Copy the packet header into the new buffer.
695                  */
696 
697                 skb_copy_from_linear_data(skb, skb_network_header(skb2), hlen);
698 
699                 /*
700                  *      Copy a block of the IP datagram.
701                  */
702                 if (skb_copy_bits(skb, ptr, skb_transport_header(skb2), len))
703                         BUG();
704                 left -= len;
705 
706                 /*
707                  *      Fill in the new header fields.
708                  */
709                 iph = ip_hdr(skb2);
710                 iph->frag_off = htons((offset >> 3));
711 
712                 /* ANK: dirty, but effective trick. Upgrade options only if
713                  * the segment to be fragmented was THE FIRST (otherwise,
714                  * options are already fixed) and make it ONCE
715                  * on the initial skb, so that all the following fragments
716                  * will inherit fixed options.
717                  */
718                 if (offset == 0)
719                         ip_options_fragment(skb);
720 
721                 /*
722                  *      Added AC : If we are fragmenting a fragment that's not the
723                  *                 last fragment then keep MF on each bit
724                  */
725                 if (left > 0 || not_last_frag)
726                         iph->frag_off |= htons(IP_MF);
727                 ptr += len;
728                 offset += len;
729 
730                 /*
731                  *      Put this fragment into the sending queue.
732                  */
733                 iph->tot_len = htons(len + hlen);
734 
735                 ip_send_check(iph);
736 
737                 err = output(skb2);
738                 if (err)
739                         goto fail;
740 
741                 IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGCREATES);
742         }
743         consume_skb(skb);
744         IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGOKS);
745         return err;
746 
747 fail:
748         kfree_skb(skb);
749         IP_INC_STATS(dev_net(dev), IPSTATS_MIB_FRAGFAILS);
750         return err;
751 }
752 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_fragment);
753 
754 int
755 ip_generic_getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb)
756 {
757         struct iovec *iov = from;
758 
759         if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_PARTIAL) {
760                 if (memcpy_fromiovecend(to, iov, offset, len) < 0)
761                         return -EFAULT;
762         } else {
763                 __wsum csum = 0;
764                 if (csum_partial_copy_fromiovecend(to, iov, offset, len, &csum) < 0)
765                         return -EFAULT;
766                 skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, odd);
767         }
768         return 0;
769 }
770 EXPORT_SYMBOL(ip_generic_getfrag);
771 
772 static inline __wsum
773 csum_page(struct page *page, int offset, int copy)
774 {
775         char *kaddr;
776         __wsum csum;
777         kaddr = kmap(page);
778         csum = csum_partial(kaddr + offset, copy, 0);
779         kunmap(page);
780         return csum;
781 }
782 
783 static inline int ip_ufo_append_data(struct sock *sk,
784                         struct sk_buff_head *queue,
785                         int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len,
786                                int odd, struct sk_buff *skb),
787                         void *from, int length, int hh_len, int fragheaderlen,
788                         int transhdrlen, int maxfraglen, unsigned int flags)
789 {
790         struct sk_buff *skb;
791         int err;
792 
793         /* There is support for UDP fragmentation offload by network
794          * device, so create one single skb packet containing complete
795          * udp datagram
796          */
797         if ((skb = skb_peek_tail(queue)) == NULL) {
798                 skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk,
799                         hh_len + fragheaderlen + transhdrlen + 20,
800                         (flags & MSG_DONTWAIT), &err);
801 
802                 if (skb == NULL)
803                         return err;
804 
805                 /* reserve space for Hardware header */
806                 skb_reserve(skb, hh_len);
807 
808                 /* create space for UDP/IP header */
809                 skb_put(skb, fragheaderlen + transhdrlen);
810 
811                 /* initialize network header pointer */
812                 skb_reset_network_header(skb);
813 
814                 /* initialize protocol header pointer */
815                 skb->transport_header = skb->network_header + fragheaderlen;
816 
817                 skb->csum = 0;
818 
819 
820                 __skb_queue_tail(queue, skb);
821         } else if (skb_is_gso(skb)) {
822                 goto append;
823         }
824 
825         skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
826         /* specify the length of each IP datagram fragment */
827         skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = maxfraglen - fragheaderlen;
828         skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = SKB_GSO_UDP;
829 
830 append:
831         return skb_append_datato_frags(sk, skb, getfrag, from,
832                                        (length - transhdrlen));
833 }
834 
835 static int __ip_append_data(struct sock *sk,
836                             struct flowi4 *fl4,
837                             struct sk_buff_head *queue,
838                             struct inet_cork *cork,
839                             struct page_frag *pfrag,
840                             int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset,
841                                         int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb),
842                             void *from, int length, int transhdrlen,
843                             unsigned int flags)
844 {
845         struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
846         struct sk_buff *skb;
847 
848         struct ip_options *opt = cork->opt;
849         int hh_len;
850         int exthdrlen;
851         int mtu;
852         int copy;
853         int err;
854         int offset = 0;
855         unsigned int maxfraglen, fragheaderlen, maxnonfragsize;
856         int csummode = CHECKSUM_NONE;
857         struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *)cork->dst;
858 
859         skb = skb_peek_tail(queue);
860 
861         exthdrlen = !skb ? rt->dst.header_len : 0;
862         mtu = cork->fragsize;
863 
864         hh_len = LL_RESERVED_SPACE(rt->dst.dev);
865 
866         fragheaderlen = sizeof(struct iphdr) + (opt ? opt->optlen : 0);
867         maxfraglen = ((mtu - fragheaderlen) & ~7) + fragheaderlen;
868         maxnonfragsize = ip_sk_ignore_df(sk) ? 0xFFFF : mtu;
869 
870         if (cork->length + length > maxnonfragsize - fragheaderlen) {
871                 ip_local_error(sk, EMSGSIZE, fl4->daddr, inet->inet_dport,
872                                mtu - (opt ? opt->optlen : 0));
873                 return -EMSGSIZE;
874         }
875 
876         /*
877          * transhdrlen > 0 means that this is the first fragment and we wish
878          * it won't be fragmented in the future.
879          */
880         if (transhdrlen &&
881             length + fragheaderlen <= mtu &&
882             rt->dst.dev->features & NETIF_F_V4_CSUM &&
883             !exthdrlen)
884                 csummode = CHECKSUM_PARTIAL;
885 
886         cork->length += length;
887         if (((length > mtu) || (skb && skb_is_gso(skb))) &&
888             (sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_UDP) &&
889             (rt->dst.dev->features & NETIF_F_UFO) && !rt->dst.header_len) {
890                 err = ip_ufo_append_data(sk, queue, getfrag, from, length,
891                                          hh_len, fragheaderlen, transhdrlen,
892                                          maxfraglen, flags);
893                 if (err)
894                         goto error;
895                 return 0;
896         }
897 
898         /* So, what's going on in the loop below?
899          *
900          * We use calculated fragment length to generate chained skb,
901          * each of segments is IP fragment ready for sending to network after
902          * adding appropriate IP header.
903          */
904 
905         if (!skb)
906                 goto alloc_new_skb;
907 
908         while (length > 0) {
909                 /* Check if the remaining data fits into current packet. */
910                 copy = mtu - skb->len;
911                 if (copy < length)
912                         copy = maxfraglen - skb->len;
913                 if (copy <= 0) {
914                         char *data;
915                         unsigned int datalen;
916                         unsigned int fraglen;
917                         unsigned int fraggap;
918                         unsigned int alloclen;
919                         struct sk_buff *skb_prev;
920 alloc_new_skb:
921                         skb_prev = skb;
922                         if (skb_prev)
923                                 fraggap = skb_prev->len - maxfraglen;
924                         else
925                                 fraggap = 0;
926 
927                         /*
928                          * If remaining data exceeds the mtu,
929                          * we know we need more fragment(s).
930                          */
931                         datalen = length + fraggap;
932                         if (datalen > mtu - fragheaderlen)
933                                 datalen = maxfraglen - fragheaderlen;
934                         fraglen = datalen + fragheaderlen;
935 
936                         if ((flags & MSG_MORE) &&
937                             !(rt->dst.dev->features&NETIF_F_SG))
938                                 alloclen = mtu;
939                         else
940                                 alloclen = fraglen;
941 
942                         alloclen += exthdrlen;
943 
944                         /* The last fragment gets additional space at tail.
945                          * Note, with MSG_MORE we overallocate on fragments,
946                          * because we have no idea what fragment will be
947                          * the last.
948                          */
949                         if (datalen == length + fraggap)
950                                 alloclen += rt->dst.trailer_len;
951 
952                         if (transhdrlen) {
953                                 skb = sock_alloc_send_skb(sk,
954                                                 alloclen + hh_len + 15,
955                                                 (flags & MSG_DONTWAIT), &err);
956                         } else {
957                                 skb = NULL;
958                                 if (atomic_read(&sk->sk_wmem_alloc) <=
959                                     2 * sk->sk_sndbuf)
960                                         skb = sock_wmalloc(sk,
961                                                            alloclen + hh_len + 15, 1,
962                                                            sk->sk_allocation);
963                                 if (unlikely(skb == NULL))
964                                         err = -ENOBUFS;
965                                 else
966                                         /* only the initial fragment is
967                                            time stamped */
968                                         cork->tx_flags = 0;
969                         }
970                         if (skb == NULL)
971                                 goto error;
972 
973                         /*
974                          *      Fill in the control structures
975                          */
976                         skb->ip_summed = csummode;
977                         skb->csum = 0;
978                         skb_reserve(skb, hh_len);
979                         skb_shinfo(skb)->tx_flags = cork->tx_flags;
980 
981                         /*
982                          *      Find where to start putting bytes.
983                          */
984                         data = skb_put(skb, fraglen + exthdrlen);
985                         skb_set_network_header(skb, exthdrlen);
986                         skb->transport_header = (skb->network_header +
987                                                  fragheaderlen);
988                         data += fragheaderlen + exthdrlen;
989 
990                         if (fraggap) {
991                                 skb->csum = skb_copy_and_csum_bits(
992                                         skb_prev, maxfraglen,
993                                         data + transhdrlen, fraggap, 0);
994                                 skb_prev->csum = csum_sub(skb_prev->csum,
995                                                           skb->csum);
996                                 data += fraggap;
997                                 pskb_trim_unique(skb_prev, maxfraglen);
998                         }
999 
1000                         copy = datalen - transhdrlen - fraggap;
1001                         if (copy > 0 && getfrag(from, data + transhdrlen, offset, copy, fraggap, skb) < 0) {
1002                                 err = -EFAULT;
1003                                 kfree_skb(skb);
1004                                 goto error;
1005                         }
1006 
1007                         offset += copy;
1008                         length -= datalen - fraggap;
1009                         transhdrlen = 0;
1010                         exthdrlen = 0;
1011                         csummode = CHECKSUM_NONE;
1012 
1013                         /*
1014                          * Put the packet on the pending queue.
1015                          */
1016                         __skb_queue_tail(queue, skb);
1017                         continue;
1018                 }
1019 
1020                 if (copy > length)
1021                         copy = length;
1022 
1023                 if (!(rt->dst.dev->features&NETIF_F_SG)) {
1024                         unsigned int off;
1025 
1026                         off = skb->len;
1027                         if (getfrag(from, skb_put(skb, copy),
1028                                         offset, copy, off, skb) < 0) {
1029                                 __skb_trim(skb, off);
1030                                 err = -EFAULT;
1031                                 goto error;
1032                         }
1033                 } else {
1034                         int i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags;
1035 
1036                         err = -ENOMEM;
1037                         if (!sk_page_frag_refill(sk, pfrag))
1038                                 goto error;
1039 
1040                         if (!skb_can_coalesce(skb, i, pfrag->page,
1041                                               pfrag->offset)) {
1042                                 err = -EMSGSIZE;
1043                                 if (i == MAX_SKB_FRAGS)
1044                                         goto error;
1045 
1046                                 __skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, pfrag->page,
1047                                                      pfrag->offset, 0);
1048                                 skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags = ++i;
1049                                 get_page(pfrag->page);
1050                         }
1051                         copy = min_t(int, copy, pfrag->size - pfrag->offset);
1052                         if (getfrag(from,
1053                                     page_address(pfrag->page) + pfrag->offset,
1054                                     offset, copy, skb->len, skb) < 0)
1055                                 goto error_efault;
1056 
1057                         pfrag->offset += copy;
1058                         skb_frag_size_add(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i - 1], copy);
1059                         skb->len += copy;
1060                         skb->data_len += copy;
1061                         skb->truesize += copy;
1062                         atomic_add(copy, &sk->sk_wmem_alloc);
1063                 }
1064                 offset += copy;
1065                 length -= copy;
1066         }
1067 
1068         return 0;
1069 
1070 error_efault:
1071         err = -EFAULT;
1072 error:
1073         cork->length -= length;
1074         IP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS);
1075         return err;
1076 }
1077 
1078 static int ip_setup_cork(struct sock *sk, struct inet_cork *cork,
1079                          struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rtp)
1080 {
1081         struct ip_options_rcu *opt;
1082         struct rtable *rt;
1083 
1084         /*
1085          * setup for corking.
1086          */
1087         opt = ipc->opt;
1088         if (opt) {
1089                 if (cork->opt == NULL) {
1090                         cork->opt = kmalloc(sizeof(struct ip_options) + 40,
1091                                             sk->sk_allocation);
1092                         if (unlikely(cork->opt == NULL))
1093                                 return -ENOBUFS;
1094                 }
1095                 memcpy(cork->opt, &opt->opt, sizeof(struct ip_options) + opt->opt.optlen);
1096                 cork->flags |= IPCORK_OPT;
1097                 cork->addr = ipc->addr;
1098         }
1099         rt = *rtp;
1100         if (unlikely(!rt))
1101                 return -EFAULT;
1102         /*
1103          * We steal reference to this route, caller should not release it
1104          */
1105         *rtp = NULL;
1106         cork->fragsize = ip_sk_use_pmtu(sk) ?
1107                          dst_mtu(&rt->dst) : rt->dst.dev->mtu;
1108         cork->dst = &rt->dst;
1109         cork->length = 0;
1110         cork->ttl = ipc->ttl;
1111         cork->tos = ipc->tos;
1112         cork->priority = ipc->priority;
1113         cork->tx_flags = ipc->tx_flags;
1114 
1115         return 0;
1116 }
1117 
1118 /*
1119  *      ip_append_data() and ip_append_page() can make one large IP datagram
1120  *      from many pieces of data. Each pieces will be holded on the socket
1121  *      until ip_push_pending_frames() is called. Each piece can be a page
1122  *      or non-page data.
1123  *
1124  *      Not only UDP, other transport protocols - e.g. raw sockets - can use
1125  *      this interface potentially.
1126  *
1127  *      LATER: length must be adjusted by pad at tail, when it is required.
1128  */
1129 int ip_append_data(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4,
1130                    int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len,
1131                                int odd, struct sk_buff *skb),
1132                    void *from, int length, int transhdrlen,
1133                    struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rtp,
1134                    unsigned int flags)
1135 {
1136         struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
1137         int err;
1138 
1139         if (flags&MSG_PROBE)
1140                 return 0;
1141 
1142         if (skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_write_queue)) {
1143                 err = ip_setup_cork(sk, &inet->cork.base, ipc, rtp);
1144                 if (err)
1145                         return err;
1146         } else {
1147                 transhdrlen = 0;
1148         }
1149 
1150         return __ip_append_data(sk, fl4, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet->cork.base,
1151                                 sk_page_frag(sk), getfrag,
1152                                 from, length, transhdrlen, flags);
1153 }
1154 
1155 ssize_t ip_append_page(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4, struct page *page,
1156                        int offset, size_t size, int flags)
1157 {
1158         struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
1159         struct sk_buff *skb;
1160         struct rtable *rt;
1161         struct ip_options *opt = NULL;
1162         struct inet_cork *cork;
1163         int hh_len;
1164         int mtu;
1165         int len;
1166         int err;
1167         unsigned int maxfraglen, fragheaderlen, fraggap, maxnonfragsize;
1168 
1169         if (inet->hdrincl)
1170                 return -EPERM;
1171 
1172         if (flags&MSG_PROBE)
1173                 return 0;
1174 
1175         if (skb_queue_empty(&sk->sk_write_queue))
1176                 return -EINVAL;
1177 
1178         cork = &inet->cork.base;
1179         rt = (struct rtable *)cork->dst;
1180         if (cork->flags & IPCORK_OPT)
1181                 opt = cork->opt;
1182 
1183         if (!(rt->dst.dev->features&NETIF_F_SG))
1184                 return -EOPNOTSUPP;
1185 
1186         hh_len = LL_RESERVED_SPACE(rt->dst.dev);
1187         mtu = cork->fragsize;
1188 
1189         fragheaderlen = sizeof(struct iphdr) + (opt ? opt->optlen : 0);
1190         maxfraglen = ((mtu - fragheaderlen) & ~7) + fragheaderlen;
1191         maxnonfragsize = ip_sk_ignore_df(sk) ? 0xFFFF : mtu;
1192 
1193         if (cork->length + size > maxnonfragsize - fragheaderlen) {
1194                 ip_local_error(sk, EMSGSIZE, fl4->daddr, inet->inet_dport,
1195                                mtu - (opt ? opt->optlen : 0));
1196                 return -EMSGSIZE;
1197         }
1198 
1199         if ((skb = skb_peek_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue)) == NULL)
1200                 return -EINVAL;
1201 
1202         cork->length += size;
1203         if ((size + skb->len > mtu) &&
1204             (sk->sk_protocol == IPPROTO_UDP) &&
1205             (rt->dst.dev->features & NETIF_F_UFO)) {
1206                 skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_size = mtu - fragheaderlen;
1207                 skb_shinfo(skb)->gso_type = SKB_GSO_UDP;
1208         }
1209 
1210 
1211         while (size > 0) {
1212                 int i;
1213 
1214                 if (skb_is_gso(skb))
1215                         len = size;
1216                 else {
1217 
1218                         /* Check if the remaining data fits into current packet. */
1219                         len = mtu - skb->len;
1220                         if (len < size)
1221                                 len = maxfraglen - skb->len;
1222                 }
1223                 if (len <= 0) {
1224                         struct sk_buff *skb_prev;
1225                         int alloclen;
1226 
1227                         skb_prev = skb;
1228                         fraggap = skb_prev->len - maxfraglen;
1229 
1230                         alloclen = fragheaderlen + hh_len + fraggap + 15;
1231                         skb = sock_wmalloc(sk, alloclen, 1, sk->sk_allocation);
1232                         if (unlikely(!skb)) {
1233                                 err = -ENOBUFS;
1234                                 goto error;
1235                         }
1236 
1237                         /*
1238                          *      Fill in the control structures
1239                          */
1240                         skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;
1241                         skb->csum = 0;
1242                         skb_reserve(skb, hh_len);
1243 
1244                         /*
1245                          *      Find where to start putting bytes.
1246                          */
1247                         skb_put(skb, fragheaderlen + fraggap);
1248                         skb_reset_network_header(skb);
1249                         skb->transport_header = (skb->network_header +
1250                                                  fragheaderlen);
1251                         if (fraggap) {
1252                                 skb->csum = skb_copy_and_csum_bits(skb_prev,
1253                                                                    maxfraglen,
1254                                                     skb_transport_header(skb),
1255                                                                    fraggap, 0);
1256                                 skb_prev->csum = csum_sub(skb_prev->csum,
1257                                                           skb->csum);
1258                                 pskb_trim_unique(skb_prev, maxfraglen);
1259                         }
1260 
1261                         /*
1262                          * Put the packet on the pending queue.
1263                          */
1264                         __skb_queue_tail(&sk->sk_write_queue, skb);
1265                         continue;
1266                 }
1267 
1268                 i = skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags;
1269                 if (len > size)
1270                         len = size;
1271                 if (skb_can_coalesce(skb, i, page, offset)) {
1272                         skb_frag_size_add(&skb_shinfo(skb)->frags[i-1], len);
1273                 } else if (i < MAX_SKB_FRAGS) {
1274                         get_page(page);
1275                         skb_fill_page_desc(skb, i, page, offset, len);
1276                 } else {
1277                         err = -EMSGSIZE;
1278                         goto error;
1279                 }
1280 
1281                 if (skb->ip_summed == CHECKSUM_NONE) {
1282                         __wsum csum;
1283                         csum = csum_page(page, offset, len);
1284                         skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, skb->len);
1285                 }
1286 
1287                 skb->len += len;
1288                 skb->data_len += len;
1289                 skb->truesize += len;
1290                 atomic_add(len, &sk->sk_wmem_alloc);
1291                 offset += len;
1292                 size -= len;
1293         }
1294         return 0;
1295 
1296 error:
1297         cork->length -= size;
1298         IP_INC_STATS(sock_net(sk), IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS);
1299         return err;
1300 }
1301 
1302 static void ip_cork_release(struct inet_cork *cork)
1303 {
1304         cork->flags &= ~IPCORK_OPT;
1305         kfree(cork->opt);
1306         cork->opt = NULL;
1307         dst_release(cork->dst);
1308         cork->dst = NULL;
1309 }
1310 
1311 /*
1312  *      Combined all pending IP fragments on the socket as one IP datagram
1313  *      and push them out.
1314  */
1315 struct sk_buff *__ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk,
1316                               struct flowi4 *fl4,
1317                               struct sk_buff_head *queue,
1318                               struct inet_cork *cork)
1319 {
1320         struct sk_buff *skb, *tmp_skb;
1321         struct sk_buff **tail_skb;
1322         struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
1323         struct net *net = sock_net(sk);
1324         struct ip_options *opt = NULL;
1325         struct rtable *rt = (struct rtable *)cork->dst;
1326         struct iphdr *iph;
1327         __be16 df = 0;
1328         __u8 ttl;
1329 
1330         if ((skb = __skb_dequeue(queue)) == NULL)
1331                 goto out;
1332         tail_skb = &(skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list);
1333 
1334         /* move skb->data to ip header from ext header */
1335         if (skb->data < skb_network_header(skb))
1336                 __skb_pull(skb, skb_network_offset(skb));
1337         while ((tmp_skb = __skb_dequeue(queue)) != NULL) {
1338                 __skb_pull(tmp_skb, skb_network_header_len(skb));
1339                 *tail_skb = tmp_skb;
1340                 tail_skb = &(tmp_skb->next);
1341                 skb->len += tmp_skb->len;
1342                 skb->data_len += tmp_skb->len;
1343                 skb->truesize += tmp_skb->truesize;
1344                 tmp_skb->destructor = NULL;
1345                 tmp_skb->sk = NULL;
1346         }
1347 
1348         /* Unless user demanded real pmtu discovery (IP_PMTUDISC_DO), we allow
1349          * to fragment the frame generated here. No matter, what transforms
1350          * how transforms change size of the packet, it will come out.
1351          */
1352         skb->ignore_df = ip_sk_ignore_df(sk);
1353 
1354         /* DF bit is set when we want to see DF on outgoing frames.
1355          * If ignore_df is set too, we still allow to fragment this frame
1356          * locally. */
1357         if (inet->pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_DO ||
1358             inet->pmtudisc == IP_PMTUDISC_PROBE ||
1359             (skb->len <= dst_mtu(&rt->dst) &&
1360              ip_dont_fragment(sk, &rt->dst)))
1361                 df = htons(IP_DF);
1362 
1363         if (cork->flags & IPCORK_OPT)
1364                 opt = cork->opt;
1365 
1366         if (cork->ttl != 0)
1367                 ttl = cork->ttl;
1368         else if (rt->rt_type == RTN_MULTICAST)
1369                 ttl = inet->mc_ttl;
1370         else
1371                 ttl = ip_select_ttl(inet, &rt->dst);
1372 
1373         iph = ip_hdr(skb);
1374         iph->version = 4;
1375         iph->ihl = 5;
1376         iph->tos = (cork->tos != -1) ? cork->tos : inet->tos;
1377         iph->frag_off = df;
1378         iph->ttl = ttl;
1379         iph->protocol = sk->sk_protocol;
1380         ip_copy_addrs(iph, fl4);
1381         ip_select_ident(skb, sk);
1382 
1383         if (opt) {
1384                 iph->ihl += opt->optlen>>2;
1385                 ip_options_build(skb, opt, cork->addr, rt, 0);
1386         }
1387 
1388         skb->priority = (cork->tos != -1) ? cork->priority: sk->sk_priority;
1389         skb->mark = sk->sk_mark;
1390         /*
1391          * Steal rt from cork.dst to avoid a pair of atomic_inc/atomic_dec
1392          * on dst refcount
1393          */
1394         cork->dst = NULL;
1395         skb_dst_set(skb, &rt->dst);
1396 
1397         if (iph->protocol == IPPROTO_ICMP)
1398                 icmp_out_count(net, ((struct icmphdr *)
1399                         skb_transport_header(skb))->type);
1400 
1401         ip_cork_release(cork);
1402 out:
1403         return skb;
1404 }
1405 
1406 int ip_send_skb(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb)
1407 {
1408         int err;
1409 
1410         err = ip_local_out(skb);
1411         if (err) {
1412                 if (err > 0)
1413                         err = net_xmit_errno(err);
1414                 if (err)
1415                         IP_INC_STATS(net, IPSTATS_MIB_OUTDISCARDS);
1416         }
1417 
1418         return err;
1419 }
1420 
1421 int ip_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct flowi4 *fl4)
1422 {
1423         struct sk_buff *skb;
1424 
1425         skb = ip_finish_skb(sk, fl4);
1426         if (!skb)
1427                 return 0;
1428 
1429         /* Netfilter gets whole the not fragmented skb. */
1430         return ip_send_skb(sock_net(sk), skb);
1431 }
1432 
1433 /*
1434  *      Throw away all pending data on the socket.
1435  */
1436 static void __ip_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk,
1437                                       struct sk_buff_head *queue,
1438                                       struct inet_cork *cork)
1439 {
1440         struct sk_buff *skb;
1441 
1442         while ((skb = __skb_dequeue_tail(queue)) != NULL)
1443                 kfree_skb(skb);
1444 
1445         ip_cork_release(cork);
1446 }
1447 
1448 void ip_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk)
1449 {
1450         __ip_flush_pending_frames(sk, &sk->sk_write_queue, &inet_sk(sk)->cork.base);
1451 }
1452 
1453 struct sk_buff *ip_make_skb(struct sock *sk,
1454                             struct flowi4 *fl4,
1455                             int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset,
1456                                         int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb),
1457                             void *from, int length, int transhdrlen,
1458                             struct ipcm_cookie *ipc, struct rtable **rtp,
1459                             unsigned int flags)
1460 {
1461         struct inet_cork cork;
1462         struct sk_buff_head queue;
1463         int err;
1464 
1465         if (flags & MSG_PROBE)
1466                 return NULL;
1467 
1468         __skb_queue_head_init(&queue);
1469 
1470         cork.flags = 0;
1471         cork.addr = 0;
1472         cork.opt = NULL;
1473         err = ip_setup_cork(sk, &cork, ipc, rtp);
1474         if (err)
1475                 return ERR_PTR(err);
1476 
1477         err = __ip_append_data(sk, fl4, &queue, &cork,
1478                                &current->task_frag, getfrag,
1479                                from, length, transhdrlen, flags);
1480         if (err) {
1481                 __ip_flush_pending_frames(sk, &queue, &cork);
1482                 return ERR_PTR(err);
1483         }
1484 
1485         return __ip_make_skb(sk, fl4, &queue, &cork);
1486 }
1487 
1488 /*
1489  *      Fetch data from kernel space and fill in checksum if needed.
1490  */
1491 static int ip_reply_glue_bits(void *dptr, char *to, int offset,
1492                               int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb)
1493 {
1494         __wsum csum;
1495 
1496         csum = csum_partial_copy_nocheck(dptr+offset, to, len, 0);
1497         skb->csum = csum_block_add(skb->csum, csum, odd);
1498         return 0;
1499 }
1500 
1501 /*
1502  *      Generic function to send a packet as reply to another packet.
1503  *      Used to send some TCP resets/acks so far.
1504  *
1505  *      Use a fake percpu inet socket to avoid false sharing and contention.
1506  */
1507 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct inet_sock, unicast_sock) = {
1508         .sk = {
1509                 .__sk_common = {
1510                         .skc_refcnt = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
1511                 },
1512                 .sk_wmem_alloc  = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
1513                 .sk_allocation  = GFP_ATOMIC,
1514                 .sk_flags       = (1UL << SOCK_USE_WRITE_QUEUE),
1515         },
1516         .pmtudisc       = IP_PMTUDISC_WANT,
1517         .uc_ttl         = -1,
1518 };
1519 
1520 void ip_send_unicast_reply(struct net *net, struct sk_buff *skb, __be32 daddr,
1521                            __be32 saddr, const struct ip_reply_arg *arg,
1522                            unsigned int len)
1523 {
1524         struct ip_options_data replyopts;
1525         struct ipcm_cookie ipc;
1526         struct flowi4 fl4;
1527         struct rtable *rt = skb_rtable(skb);
1528         struct sk_buff *nskb;
1529         struct sock *sk;
1530         struct inet_sock *inet;
1531 
1532         if (ip_options_echo(&replyopts.opt.opt, skb))
1533                 return;
1534 
1535         ipc.addr = daddr;
1536         ipc.opt = NULL;
1537         ipc.tx_flags = 0;
1538         ipc.ttl = 0;
1539         ipc.tos = -1;
1540 
1541         if (replyopts.opt.opt.optlen) {
1542                 ipc.opt = &replyopts.opt;
1543 
1544                 if (replyopts.opt.opt.srr)
1545                         daddr = replyopts.opt.opt.faddr;
1546         }
1547 
1548         flowi4_init_output(&fl4, arg->bound_dev_if,
1549                            IP4_REPLY_MARK(net, skb->mark),
1550                            RT_TOS(arg->tos),
1551                            RT_SCOPE_UNIVERSE, ip_hdr(skb)->protocol,
1552                            ip_reply_arg_flowi_flags(arg),
1553                            daddr, saddr,
1554                            tcp_hdr(skb)->source, tcp_hdr(skb)->dest);
1555         security_skb_classify_flow(skb, flowi4_to_flowi(&fl4));
1556         rt = ip_route_output_key(net, &fl4);
1557         if (IS_ERR(rt))
1558                 return;
1559 
1560         inet = &get_cpu_var(unicast_sock);
1561 
1562         inet->tos = arg->tos;
1563         sk = &inet->sk;
1564         sk->sk_priority = skb->priority;
1565         sk->sk_protocol = ip_hdr(skb)->protocol;
1566         sk->sk_bound_dev_if = arg->bound_dev_if;
1567         sock_net_set(sk, net);
1568         __skb_queue_head_init(&sk->sk_write_queue);
1569         sk->sk_sndbuf = sysctl_wmem_default;
1570         ip_append_data(sk, &fl4, ip_reply_glue_bits, arg->iov->iov_base, len, 0,
1571                        &ipc, &rt, MSG_DONTWAIT);
1572         nskb = skb_peek(&sk->sk_write_queue);
1573         if (nskb) {
1574                 if (arg->csumoffset >= 0)
1575                         *((__sum16 *)skb_transport_header(nskb) +
1576                           arg->csumoffset) = csum_fold(csum_add(nskb->csum,
1577                                                                 arg->csum));
1578                 nskb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;
1579                 skb_orphan(nskb);
1580                 skb_set_queue_mapping(nskb, skb_get_queue_mapping(skb));
1581                 ip_push_pending_frames(sk, &fl4);
1582         }
1583 
1584         put_cpu_var(unicast_sock);
1585 
1586         ip_rt_put(rt);
1587 }
1588 
1589 void __init ip_init(void)
1590 {
1591         ip_rt_init();
1592         inet_initpeers();
1593 
1594 #if defined(CONFIG_IP_MULTICAST)
1595         igmp_mc_init();
1596 #endif
1597 }
1598 

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