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Linux/fs/ext4/ext4.h

  1 /*
  2  *  ext4.h
  3  *
  4  * Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
  5  * Remy Card (card@masi.ibp.fr)
  6  * Laboratoire MASI - Institut Blaise Pascal
  7  * Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)
  8  *
  9  *  from
 10  *
 11  *  linux/include/linux/minix_fs.h
 12  *
 13  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 14  */
 15 
 16 #ifndef _EXT4_H
 17 #define _EXT4_H
 18 
 19 #include <linux/types.h>
 20 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
 21 #include <linux/magic.h>
 22 #include <linux/jbd2.h>
 23 #include <linux/quota.h>
 24 #include <linux/rwsem.h>
 25 #include <linux/rbtree.h>
 26 #include <linux/seqlock.h>
 27 #include <linux/mutex.h>
 28 #include <linux/timer.h>
 29 #include <linux/wait.h>
 30 #include <linux/blockgroup_lock.h>
 31 #include <linux/percpu_counter.h>
 32 #include <linux/ratelimit.h>
 33 #include <crypto/hash.h>
 34 #include <linux/falloc.h>
 35 #ifdef __KERNEL__
 36 #include <linux/compat.h>
 37 #endif
 38 
 39 /*
 40  * The fourth extended filesystem constants/structures
 41  */
 42 
 43 /*
 44  * Define EXT4FS_DEBUG to produce debug messages
 45  */
 46 #undef EXT4FS_DEBUG
 47 
 48 /*
 49  * Debug code
 50  */
 51 #ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
 52 #define ext4_debug(f, a...)                                             \
 53         do {                                                            \
 54                 printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs DEBUG (%s, %d): %s:",        \
 55                         __FILE__, __LINE__, __func__);                  \
 56                 printk(KERN_DEBUG f, ## a);                             \
 57         } while (0)
 58 #else
 59 #define ext4_debug(fmt, ...)    no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
 60 #endif
 61 
 62 /*
 63  * Turn on EXT_DEBUG to get lots of info about extents operations.
 64  */
 65 #define EXT_DEBUG__
 66 #ifdef EXT_DEBUG
 67 #define ext_debug(fmt, ...)     printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
 68 #else
 69 #define ext_debug(fmt, ...)     no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
 70 #endif
 71 
 72 #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, fmt, a...) \
 73         ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, 0, (fmt), ## a)
 74 
 75 #define EXT4_ERROR_INODE_BLOCK(inode, block, fmt, a...)                 \
 76         ext4_error_inode((inode), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a)
 77 
 78 #define EXT4_ERROR_FILE(file, block, fmt, a...)                         \
 79         ext4_error_file((file), __func__, __LINE__, (block), (fmt), ## a)
 80 
 81 /* data type for block offset of block group */
 82 typedef int ext4_grpblk_t;
 83 
 84 /* data type for filesystem-wide blocks number */
 85 typedef unsigned long long ext4_fsblk_t;
 86 
 87 /* data type for file logical block number */
 88 typedef __u32 ext4_lblk_t;
 89 
 90 /* data type for block group number */
 91 typedef unsigned int ext4_group_t;
 92 
 93 /*
 94  * Flags used in mballoc's allocation_context flags field.
 95  *
 96  * Also used to show what's going on for debugging purposes when the
 97  * flag field is exported via the traceport interface
 98  */
 99 
100 /* prefer goal again. length */
101 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_MERGE              0x0001
102 /* blocks already reserved */
103 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_RESERVED           0x0002
104 /* metadata is being allocated */
105 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_METADATA           0x0004
106 /* first blocks in the file */
107 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_FIRST              0x0008
108 /* search for the best chunk */
109 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_BEST               0x0010
110 /* data is being allocated */
111 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA               0x0020
112 /* don't preallocate (for tails) */
113 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_NOPREALLOC         0x0040
114 /* allocate for locality group */
115 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC        0x0080
116 /* allocate goal blocks or none */
117 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY          0x0100
118 /* goal is meaningful */
119 #define EXT4_MB_HINT_TRY_GOAL           0x0200
120 /* blocks already pre-reserved by delayed allocation */
121 #define EXT4_MB_DELALLOC_RESERVED       0x0400
122 /* We are doing stream allocation */
123 #define EXT4_MB_STREAM_ALLOC            0x0800
124 /* Use reserved root blocks if needed */
125 #define EXT4_MB_USE_ROOT_BLOCKS         0x1000
126 /* Use blocks from reserved pool */
127 #define EXT4_MB_USE_RESERVED            0x2000
128 
129 struct ext4_allocation_request {
130         /* target inode for block we're allocating */
131         struct inode *inode;
132         /* how many blocks we want to allocate */
133         unsigned int len;
134         /* logical block in target inode */
135         ext4_lblk_t logical;
136         /* the closest logical allocated block to the left */
137         ext4_lblk_t lleft;
138         /* the closest logical allocated block to the right */
139         ext4_lblk_t lright;
140         /* phys. target (a hint) */
141         ext4_fsblk_t goal;
142         /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the left */
143         ext4_fsblk_t pleft;
144         /* phys. block for the closest logical allocated block to the right */
145         ext4_fsblk_t pright;
146         /* flags. see above EXT4_MB_HINT_* */
147         unsigned int flags;
148 };
149 
150 /*
151  * Logical to physical block mapping, used by ext4_map_blocks()
152  *
153  * This structure is used to pass requests into ext4_map_blocks() as
154  * well as to store the information returned by ext4_map_blocks().  It
155  * takes less room on the stack than a struct buffer_head.
156  */
157 #define EXT4_MAP_NEW            (1 << BH_New)
158 #define EXT4_MAP_MAPPED         (1 << BH_Mapped)
159 #define EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN      (1 << BH_Unwritten)
160 #define EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY       (1 << BH_Boundary)
161 /* Sometimes (in the bigalloc case, from ext4_da_get_block_prep) the caller of
162  * ext4_map_blocks wants to know whether or not the underlying cluster has
163  * already been accounted for. EXT4_MAP_FROM_CLUSTER conveys to the caller that
164  * the requested mapping was from previously mapped (or delayed allocated)
165  * cluster. We use BH_AllocFromCluster only for this flag. BH_AllocFromCluster
166  * should never appear on buffer_head's state flags.
167  */
168 #define EXT4_MAP_FROM_CLUSTER   (1 << BH_AllocFromCluster)
169 #define EXT4_MAP_FLAGS          (EXT4_MAP_NEW | EXT4_MAP_MAPPED |\
170                                  EXT4_MAP_UNWRITTEN | EXT4_MAP_BOUNDARY |\
171                                  EXT4_MAP_FROM_CLUSTER)
172 
173 struct ext4_map_blocks {
174         ext4_fsblk_t m_pblk;
175         ext4_lblk_t m_lblk;
176         unsigned int m_len;
177         unsigned int m_flags;
178 };
179 
180 /*
181  * Flags for ext4_io_end->flags
182  */
183 #define EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN   0x0001
184 
185 /*
186  * For converting unwritten extents on a work queue. 'handle' is used for
187  * buffered writeback.
188  */
189 typedef struct ext4_io_end {
190         struct list_head        list;           /* per-file finished IO list */
191         handle_t                *handle;        /* handle reserved for extent
192                                                  * conversion */
193         struct inode            *inode;         /* file being written to */
194         struct bio              *bio;           /* Linked list of completed
195                                                  * bios covering the extent */
196         unsigned int            flag;           /* unwritten or not */
197         loff_t                  offset;         /* offset in the file */
198         ssize_t                 size;           /* size of the extent */
199         atomic_t                count;          /* reference counter */
200 } ext4_io_end_t;
201 
202 struct ext4_io_submit {
203         int                     io_op;
204         struct bio              *io_bio;
205         ext4_io_end_t           *io_end;
206         sector_t                io_next_block;
207 };
208 
209 /*
210  * Special inodes numbers
211  */
212 #define EXT4_BAD_INO             1      /* Bad blocks inode */
213 #define EXT4_ROOT_INO            2      /* Root inode */
214 #define EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO       3      /* User quota inode */
215 #define EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO       4      /* Group quota inode */
216 #define EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO     5      /* Boot loader inode */
217 #define EXT4_UNDEL_DIR_INO       6      /* Undelete directory inode */
218 #define EXT4_RESIZE_INO          7      /* Reserved group descriptors inode */
219 #define EXT4_JOURNAL_INO         8      /* Journal inode */
220 
221 /* First non-reserved inode for old ext4 filesystems */
222 #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO 11
223 
224 /*
225  * Maximal count of links to a file
226  */
227 #define EXT4_LINK_MAX           65000
228 
229 /*
230  * Macro-instructions used to manage several block sizes
231  */
232 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE             1024
233 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_SIZE             65536
234 #define EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE         10
235 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_LOG_SIZE         16
236 #ifdef __KERNEL__
237 # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s)             ((s)->s_blocksize)
238 #else
239 # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s)             (EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE << (s)->s_log_block_size)
240 #endif
241 #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(s)          (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / sizeof(__u32))
242 #define EXT4_CLUSTER_SIZE(s)            (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) << \
243                                          EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits)
244 #ifdef __KERNEL__
245 # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s)        ((s)->s_blocksize_bits)
246 # define EXT4_CLUSTER_BITS(s)           (EXT4_SB(s)->s_cluster_bits)
247 #else
248 # define EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(s)        ((s)->s_log_block_size + 10)
249 #endif
250 #ifdef __KERNEL__
251 #define EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s)     (EXT4_SB(s)->s_addr_per_block_bits)
252 #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s)              (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inode_size)
253 #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s)               (EXT4_SB(s)->s_first_ino)
254 #else
255 #define EXT4_INODE_SIZE(s)      (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \
256                                  EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE : \
257                                  (s)->s_inode_size)
258 #define EXT4_FIRST_INO(s)       (((s)->s_rev_level == EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV) ? \
259                                  EXT4_GOOD_OLD_FIRST_INO : \
260                                  (s)->s_first_ino)
261 #endif
262 #define EXT4_BLOCK_ALIGN(size, blkbits)         ALIGN((size), (1 << (blkbits)))
263 
264 /* Translate a block number to a cluster number */
265 #define EXT4_B2C(sbi, blk)      ((blk) >> (sbi)->s_cluster_bits)
266 /* Translate a cluster number to a block number */
267 #define EXT4_C2B(sbi, cluster)  ((cluster) << (sbi)->s_cluster_bits)
268 /* Translate # of blks to # of clusters */
269 #define EXT4_NUM_B2C(sbi, blks) (((blks) + (sbi)->s_cluster_ratio - 1) >> \
270                                  (sbi)->s_cluster_bits)
271 /* Mask out the low bits to get the starting block of the cluster */
272 #define EXT4_PBLK_CMASK(s, pblk) ((pblk) &                              \
273                                   ~((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1))
274 #define EXT4_LBLK_CMASK(s, lblk) ((lblk) &                              \
275                                   ~((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1))
276 /* Get the cluster offset */
277 #define EXT4_PBLK_COFF(s, pblk) ((pblk) &                               \
278                                  ((ext4_fsblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1))
279 #define EXT4_LBLK_COFF(s, lblk) ((lblk) &                               \
280                                  ((ext4_lblk_t) (s)->s_cluster_ratio - 1))
281 
282 /*
283  * Structure of a blocks group descriptor
284  */
285 struct ext4_group_desc
286 {
287         __le32  bg_block_bitmap_lo;     /* Blocks bitmap block */
288         __le32  bg_inode_bitmap_lo;     /* Inodes bitmap block */
289         __le32  bg_inode_table_lo;      /* Inodes table block */
290         __le16  bg_free_blocks_count_lo;/* Free blocks count */
291         __le16  bg_free_inodes_count_lo;/* Free inodes count */
292         __le16  bg_used_dirs_count_lo;  /* Directories count */
293         __le16  bg_flags;               /* EXT4_BG_flags (INODE_UNINIT, etc) */
294         __le32  bg_exclude_bitmap_lo;   /* Exclude bitmap for snapshots */
295         __le16  bg_block_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) LE */
296         __le16  bg_inode_bitmap_csum_lo;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) LE */
297         __le16  bg_itable_unused_lo;    /* Unused inodes count */
298         __le16  bg_checksum;            /* crc16(sb_uuid+group+desc) */
299         __le32  bg_block_bitmap_hi;     /* Blocks bitmap block MSB */
300         __le32  bg_inode_bitmap_hi;     /* Inodes bitmap block MSB */
301         __le32  bg_inode_table_hi;      /* Inodes table block MSB */
302         __le16  bg_free_blocks_count_hi;/* Free blocks count MSB */
303         __le16  bg_free_inodes_count_hi;/* Free inodes count MSB */
304         __le16  bg_used_dirs_count_hi;  /* Directories count MSB */
305         __le16  bg_itable_unused_hi;    /* Unused inodes count MSB */
306         __le32  bg_exclude_bitmap_hi;   /* Exclude bitmap block MSB */
307         __le16  bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+bbitmap) BE */
308         __le16  bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi;/* crc32c(s_uuid+grp_num+ibitmap) BE */
309         __u32   bg_reserved;
310 };
311 
312 #define EXT4_BG_INODE_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END        \
313         (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_inode_bitmap_csum_hi) + \
314          sizeof(__le16))
315 #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_BITMAP_CSUM_HI_END        \
316         (offsetof(struct ext4_group_desc, bg_block_bitmap_csum_hi) + \
317          sizeof(__le16))
318 
319 /*
320  * Structure of a flex block group info
321  */
322 
323 struct flex_groups {
324         atomic64_t      free_clusters;
325         atomic_t        free_inodes;
326         atomic_t        used_dirs;
327 };
328 
329 #define EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT    0x0001 /* Inode table/bitmap not in use */
330 #define EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT    0x0002 /* Block bitmap not in use */
331 #define EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED    0x0004 /* On-disk itable initialized to zero */
332 
333 /*
334  * Macro-instructions used to manage group descriptors
335  */
336 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE              32
337 #define EXT4_MIN_DESC_SIZE_64BIT        64
338 #define EXT4_MAX_DESC_SIZE              EXT4_MIN_BLOCK_SIZE
339 #define EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s)               (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_size)
340 #ifdef __KERNEL__
341 # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s)       (EXT4_SB(s)->s_blocks_per_group)
342 # define EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP(s)     (EXT4_SB(s)->s_clusters_per_group)
343 # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s)         (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block)
344 # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s)       (EXT4_SB(s)->s_inodes_per_group)
345 # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(s)    (EXT4_SB(s)->s_desc_per_block_bits)
346 #else
347 # define EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(s)       ((s)->s_blocks_per_group)
348 # define EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(s)         (EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE(s) / EXT4_DESC_SIZE(s))
349 # define EXT4_INODES_PER_GROUP(s)       ((s)->s_inodes_per_group)
350 #endif
351 
352 /*
353  * Constants relative to the data blocks
354  */
355 #define EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS                12
356 #define EXT4_IND_BLOCK                  EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS
357 #define EXT4_DIND_BLOCK                 (EXT4_IND_BLOCK + 1)
358 #define EXT4_TIND_BLOCK                 (EXT4_DIND_BLOCK + 1)
359 #define EXT4_N_BLOCKS                   (EXT4_TIND_BLOCK + 1)
360 
361 /*
362  * Inode flags
363  */
364 #define EXT4_SECRM_FL                   0x00000001 /* Secure deletion */
365 #define EXT4_UNRM_FL                    0x00000002 /* Undelete */
366 #define EXT4_COMPR_FL                   0x00000004 /* Compress file */
367 #define EXT4_SYNC_FL                    0x00000008 /* Synchronous updates */
368 #define EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL               0x00000010 /* Immutable file */
369 #define EXT4_APPEND_FL                  0x00000020 /* writes to file may only append */
370 #define EXT4_NODUMP_FL                  0x00000040 /* do not dump file */
371 #define EXT4_NOATIME_FL                 0x00000080 /* do not update atime */
372 /* Reserved for compression usage... */
373 #define EXT4_DIRTY_FL                   0x00000100
374 #define EXT4_COMPRBLK_FL                0x00000200 /* One or more compressed clusters */
375 #define EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL                 0x00000400 /* Don't compress */
376 #define EXT4_ECOMPR_FL                  0x00000800 /* Compression error */
377 /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */
378 #define EXT4_INDEX_FL                   0x00001000 /* hash-indexed directory */
379 #define EXT4_IMAGIC_FL                  0x00002000 /* AFS directory */
380 #define EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL            0x00004000 /* file data should be journaled */
381 #define EXT4_NOTAIL_FL                  0x00008000 /* file tail should not be merged */
382 #define EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL                 0x00010000 /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */
383 #define EXT4_TOPDIR_FL                  0x00020000 /* Top of directory hierarchies*/
384 #define EXT4_HUGE_FILE_FL               0x00040000 /* Set to each huge file */
385 #define EXT4_EXTENTS_FL                 0x00080000 /* Inode uses extents */
386 #define EXT4_EA_INODE_FL                0x00200000 /* Inode used for large EA */
387 #define EXT4_EOFBLOCKS_FL               0x00400000 /* Blocks allocated beyond EOF */
388 #define EXT4_INLINE_DATA_FL             0x10000000 /* Inode has inline data. */
389 #define EXT4_RESERVED_FL                0x80000000 /* reserved for ext4 lib */
390 
391 #define EXT4_FL_USER_VISIBLE            0x004BDFFF /* User visible flags */
392 #define EXT4_FL_USER_MODIFIABLE         0x004380FF /* User modifiable flags */
393 
394 /* Flags that should be inherited by new inodes from their parent. */
395 #define EXT4_FL_INHERITED (EXT4_SECRM_FL | EXT4_UNRM_FL | EXT4_COMPR_FL |\
396                            EXT4_SYNC_FL | EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL |\
397                            EXT4_NOCOMPR_FL | EXT4_JOURNAL_DATA_FL |\
398                            EXT4_NOTAIL_FL | EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL)
399 
400 /* Flags that are appropriate for regular files (all but dir-specific ones). */
401 #define EXT4_REG_FLMASK (~(EXT4_DIRSYNC_FL | EXT4_TOPDIR_FL))
402 
403 /* Flags that are appropriate for non-directories/regular files. */
404 #define EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK (EXT4_NODUMP_FL | EXT4_NOATIME_FL)
405 
406 /* Mask out flags that are inappropriate for the given type of inode. */
407 static inline __u32 ext4_mask_flags(umode_t mode, __u32 flags)
408 {
409         if (S_ISDIR(mode))
410                 return flags;
411         else if (S_ISREG(mode))
412                 return flags & EXT4_REG_FLMASK;
413         else
414                 return flags & EXT4_OTHER_FLMASK;
415 }
416 
417 /*
418  * Inode flags used for atomic set/get
419  */
420 enum {
421         EXT4_INODE_SECRM        = 0,    /* Secure deletion */
422         EXT4_INODE_UNRM         = 1,    /* Undelete */
423         EXT4_INODE_COMPR        = 2,    /* Compress file */
424         EXT4_INODE_SYNC         = 3,    /* Synchronous updates */
425         EXT4_INODE_IMMUTABLE    = 4,    /* Immutable file */
426         EXT4_INODE_APPEND       = 5,    /* writes to file may only append */
427         EXT4_INODE_NODUMP       = 6,    /* do not dump file */
428         EXT4_INODE_NOATIME      = 7,    /* do not update atime */
429 /* Reserved for compression usage... */
430         EXT4_INODE_DIRTY        = 8,
431         EXT4_INODE_COMPRBLK     = 9,    /* One or more compressed clusters */
432         EXT4_INODE_NOCOMPR      = 10,   /* Don't compress */
433         EXT4_INODE_ECOMPR       = 11,   /* Compression error */
434 /* End compression flags --- maybe not all used */
435         EXT4_INODE_INDEX        = 12,   /* hash-indexed directory */
436         EXT4_INODE_IMAGIC       = 13,   /* AFS directory */
437         EXT4_INODE_JOURNAL_DATA = 14,   /* file data should be journaled */
438         EXT4_INODE_NOTAIL       = 15,   /* file tail should not be merged */
439         EXT4_INODE_DIRSYNC      = 16,   /* dirsync behaviour (directories only) */
440         EXT4_INODE_TOPDIR       = 17,   /* Top of directory hierarchies*/
441         EXT4_INODE_HUGE_FILE    = 18,   /* Set to each huge file */
442         EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS      = 19,   /* Inode uses extents */
443         EXT4_INODE_EA_INODE     = 21,   /* Inode used for large EA */
444         EXT4_INODE_EOFBLOCKS    = 22,   /* Blocks allocated beyond EOF */
445         EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA  = 28,   /* Data in inode. */
446         EXT4_INODE_RESERVED     = 31,   /* reserved for ext4 lib */
447 };
448 
449 /*
450  * Since it's pretty easy to mix up bit numbers and hex values, we use a
451  * build-time check to make sure that EXT4_XXX_FL is consistent with respect to
452  * EXT4_INODE_XXX. If all is well, the macros will be dropped, so, it won't cost
453  * any extra space in the compiled kernel image, otherwise, the build will fail.
454  * It's important that these values are the same, since we are using
455  * EXT4_INODE_XXX to test for flag values, but EXT4_XXX_FL must be consistent
456  * with the values of FS_XXX_FL defined in include/linux/fs.h and the on-disk
457  * values found in ext2, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and of course the values
458  * defined in e2fsprogs.
459  *
460  * It's not paranoia if the Murphy's Law really *is* out to get you.  :-)
461  */
462 #define TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) (EXT4_##FLAG##_FL == (1 << EXT4_INODE_##FLAG))
463 #define CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG) BUILD_BUG_ON(!TEST_FLAG_VALUE(FLAG))
464 
465 static inline void ext4_check_flag_values(void)
466 {
467         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SECRM);
468         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(UNRM);
469         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPR);
470         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(SYNC);
471         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMMUTABLE);
472         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(APPEND);
473         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NODUMP);
474         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOATIME);
475         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRTY);
476         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(COMPRBLK);
477         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOCOMPR);
478         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(ECOMPR);
479         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INDEX);
480         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(IMAGIC);
481         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(JOURNAL_DATA);
482         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(NOTAIL);
483         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(DIRSYNC);
484         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(TOPDIR);
485         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(HUGE_FILE);
486         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EXTENTS);
487         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EA_INODE);
488         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(EOFBLOCKS);
489         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(INLINE_DATA);
490         CHECK_FLAG_VALUE(RESERVED);
491 }
492 
493 /* Used to pass group descriptor data when online resize is done */
494 struct ext4_new_group_input {
495         __u32 group;            /* Group number for this data */
496         __u64 block_bitmap;     /* Absolute block number of block bitmap */
497         __u64 inode_bitmap;     /* Absolute block number of inode bitmap */
498         __u64 inode_table;      /* Absolute block number of inode table start */
499         __u32 blocks_count;     /* Total number of blocks in this group */
500         __u16 reserved_blocks;  /* Number of reserved blocks in this group */
501         __u16 unused;
502 };
503 
504 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
505 struct compat_ext4_new_group_input {
506         u32 group;
507         compat_u64 block_bitmap;
508         compat_u64 inode_bitmap;
509         compat_u64 inode_table;
510         u32 blocks_count;
511         u16 reserved_blocks;
512         u16 unused;
513 };
514 #endif
515 
516 /* The struct ext4_new_group_input in kernel space, with free_blocks_count */
517 struct ext4_new_group_data {
518         __u32 group;
519         __u64 block_bitmap;
520         __u64 inode_bitmap;
521         __u64 inode_table;
522         __u32 blocks_count;
523         __u16 reserved_blocks;
524         __u16 unused;
525         __u32 free_blocks_count;
526 };
527 
528 /* Indexes used to index group tables in ext4_new_group_data */
529 enum {
530         BLOCK_BITMAP = 0,       /* block bitmap */
531         INODE_BITMAP,           /* inode bitmap */
532         INODE_TABLE,            /* inode tables */
533         GROUP_TABLE_COUNT,
534 };
535 
536 /*
537  * Flags used by ext4_map_blocks()
538  */
539         /* Allocate any needed blocks and/or convert an unwritten
540            extent to be an initialized ext4 */
541 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE                  0x0001
542         /* Request the creation of an unwritten extent */
543 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT              0x0002
544 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT       (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_UNWRIT_EXT|\
545                                                  EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE)
546         /* Caller is from the delayed allocation writeout path
547          * finally doing the actual allocation of delayed blocks */
548 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_DELALLOC_RESERVE        0x0004
549         /* caller is from the direct IO path, request to creation of an
550         unwritten extents if not allocated, split the unwritten
551         extent if blocks has been preallocated already*/
552 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO                  0x0008
553 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT                 0x0010
554 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CREATE_EXT           (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_PRE_IO|\
555                                          EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT)
556         /* Convert extent to initialized after IO complete */
557 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_IO_CONVERT_EXT          (EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT|\
558                                          EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CREATE_UNWRIT_EXT)
559         /* Eventual metadata allocation (due to growing extent tree)
560          * should not fail, so try to use reserved blocks for that.*/
561 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_METADATA_NOFAIL         0x0020
562         /* Don't normalize allocation size (used for fallocate) */
563 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_NORMALIZE            0x0040
564         /* Request will not result in inode size update (user for fallocate) */
565 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_KEEP_SIZE               0x0080
566         /* Do not take i_data_sem locking in ext4_map_blocks */
567 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_LOCK                 0x0100
568         /* Do not put hole in extent cache */
569 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_PUT_HOLE             0x0200
570         /* Convert written extents to unwritten */
571 #define EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_CONVERT_UNWRITTEN       0x0400
572 
573 /*
574  * The bit position of these flags must not overlap with any of the
575  * EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_*.  They are used by ext4_find_extent(),
576  * read_extent_tree_block(), ext4_split_extent_at(),
577  * ext4_ext_insert_extent(), and ext4_ext_create_new_leaf().
578  * EXT4_EX_NOCACHE is used to indicate that the we shouldn't be
579  * caching the extents when reading from the extent tree while a
580  * truncate or punch hole operation is in progress.
581  */
582 #define EXT4_EX_NOCACHE                         0x40000000
583 #define EXT4_EX_FORCE_CACHE                     0x20000000
584 
585 /*
586  * Flags used by ext4_free_blocks
587  */
588 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_METADATA       0x0001
589 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_FORGET         0x0002
590 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_VALIDATED      0x0004
591 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NO_QUOT_UPDATE 0x0008
592 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_FIRST_CLUSTER   0x0010
593 #define EXT4_FREE_BLOCKS_NOFREE_LAST_CLUSTER    0x0020
594 
595 /*
596  * ioctl commands
597  */
598 #define EXT4_IOC_GETFLAGS               FS_IOC_GETFLAGS
599 #define EXT4_IOC_SETFLAGS               FS_IOC_SETFLAGS
600 #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION             _IOR('f', 3, long)
601 #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION             _IOW('f', 4, long)
602 #define EXT4_IOC_GETVERSION_OLD         FS_IOC_GETVERSION
603 #define EXT4_IOC_SETVERSION_OLD         FS_IOC_SETVERSION
604 #define EXT4_IOC_GETRSVSZ               _IOR('f', 5, long)
605 #define EXT4_IOC_SETRSVSZ               _IOW('f', 6, long)
606 #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_EXTEND           _IOW('f', 7, unsigned long)
607 #define EXT4_IOC_GROUP_ADD              _IOW('f', 8, struct ext4_new_group_input)
608 #define EXT4_IOC_MIGRATE                _IO('f', 9)
609  /* note ioctl 10 reserved for an early version of the FIEMAP ioctl */
610  /* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */
611 #define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS          _IO('f', 12)
612 #define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT               _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
613 #define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS              _IOW('f', 16, __u64)
614 #define EXT4_IOC_SWAP_BOOT              _IO('f', 17)
615 #define EXT4_IOC_PRECACHE_EXTENTS       _IO('f', 18)
616 
617 #if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
618 /*
619  * ioctl commands in 32 bit emulation
620  */
621 #define EXT4_IOC32_GETFLAGS             FS_IOC32_GETFLAGS
622 #define EXT4_IOC32_SETFLAGS             FS_IOC32_SETFLAGS
623 #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION           _IOR('f', 3, int)
624 #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION           _IOW('f', 4, int)
625 #define EXT4_IOC32_GETRSVSZ             _IOR('f', 5, int)
626 #define EXT4_IOC32_SETRSVSZ             _IOW('f', 6, int)
627 #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_EXTEND         _IOW('f', 7, unsigned int)
628 #define EXT4_IOC32_GROUP_ADD            _IOW('f', 8, struct compat_ext4_new_group_input)
629 #define EXT4_IOC32_GETVERSION_OLD       FS_IOC32_GETVERSION
630 #define EXT4_IOC32_SETVERSION_OLD       FS_IOC32_SETVERSION
631 #endif
632 
633 /* Max physical block we can address w/o extents */
634 #define EXT4_MAX_BLOCK_FILE_PHYS        0xFFFFFFFF
635 
636 /*
637  * Structure of an inode on the disk
638  */
639 struct ext4_inode {
640         __le16  i_mode;         /* File mode */
641         __le16  i_uid;          /* Low 16 bits of Owner Uid */
642         __le32  i_size_lo;      /* Size in bytes */
643         __le32  i_atime;        /* Access time */
644         __le32  i_ctime;        /* Inode Change time */
645         __le32  i_mtime;        /* Modification time */
646         __le32  i_dtime;        /* Deletion Time */
647         __le16  i_gid;          /* Low 16 bits of Group Id */
648         __le16  i_links_count;  /* Links count */
649         __le32  i_blocks_lo;    /* Blocks count */
650         __le32  i_flags;        /* File flags */
651         union {
652                 struct {
653                         __le32  l_i_version;
654                 } linux1;
655                 struct {
656                         __u32  h_i_translator;
657                 } hurd1;
658                 struct {
659                         __u32  m_i_reserved1;
660                 } masix1;
661         } osd1;                         /* OS dependent 1 */
662         __le32  i_block[EXT4_N_BLOCKS];/* Pointers to blocks */
663         __le32  i_generation;   /* File version (for NFS) */
664         __le32  i_file_acl_lo;  /* File ACL */
665         __le32  i_size_high;
666         __le32  i_obso_faddr;   /* Obsoleted fragment address */
667         union {
668                 struct {
669                         __le16  l_i_blocks_high; /* were l_i_reserved1 */
670                         __le16  l_i_file_acl_high;
671                         __le16  l_i_uid_high;   /* these 2 fields */
672                         __le16  l_i_gid_high;   /* were reserved2[0] */
673                         __le16  l_i_checksum_lo;/* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) LE */
674                         __le16  l_i_reserved;
675                 } linux2;
676                 struct {
677                         __le16  h_i_reserved1;  /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */
678                         __u16   h_i_mode_high;
679                         __u16   h_i_uid_high;
680                         __u16   h_i_gid_high;
681                         __u32   h_i_author;
682                 } hurd2;
683                 struct {
684                         __le16  h_i_reserved1;  /* Obsoleted fragment number/size which are removed in ext4 */
685                         __le16  m_i_file_acl_high;
686                         __u32   m_i_reserved2[2];
687                 } masix2;
688         } osd2;                         /* OS dependent 2 */
689         __le16  i_extra_isize;
690         __le16  i_checksum_hi;  /* crc32c(uuid+inum+inode) BE */
691         __le32  i_ctime_extra;  /* extra Change time      (nsec << 2 | epoch) */
692         __le32  i_mtime_extra;  /* extra Modification time(nsec << 2 | epoch) */
693         __le32  i_atime_extra;  /* extra Access time      (nsec << 2 | epoch) */
694         __le32  i_crtime;       /* File Creation time */
695         __le32  i_crtime_extra; /* extra FileCreationtime (nsec << 2 | epoch) */
696         __le32  i_version_hi;   /* high 32 bits for 64-bit version */
697 };
698 
699 struct move_extent {
700         __u32 reserved;         /* should be zero */
701         __u32 donor_fd;         /* donor file descriptor */
702         __u64 orig_start;       /* logical start offset in block for orig */
703         __u64 donor_start;      /* logical start offset in block for donor */
704         __u64 len;              /* block length to be moved */
705         __u64 moved_len;        /* moved block length */
706 };
707 
708 #define EXT4_EPOCH_BITS 2
709 #define EXT4_EPOCH_MASK ((1 << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) - 1)
710 #define EXT4_NSEC_MASK  (~0UL << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS)
711 
712 /*
713  * Extended fields will fit into an inode if the filesystem was formatted
714  * with large inodes (-I 256 or larger) and there are not currently any EAs
715  * consuming all of the available space. For new inodes we always reserve
716  * enough space for the kernel's known extended fields, but for inodes
717  * created with an old kernel this might not have been the case. None of
718  * the extended inode fields is critical for correct filesystem operation.
719  * This macro checks if a certain field fits in the inode. Note that
720  * inode-size = GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + i_extra_isize
721  */
722 #define EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(ext4_inode, einode, field)   \
723         ((offsetof(typeof(*ext4_inode), field) +        \
724           sizeof((ext4_inode)->field))                  \
725         <= (EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE +                  \
726             (einode)->i_extra_isize))                   \
727 
728 static inline __le32 ext4_encode_extra_time(struct timespec *time)
729 {
730        return cpu_to_le32((sizeof(time->tv_sec) > 4 ?
731                            (time->tv_sec >> 32) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK : 0) |
732                           ((time->tv_nsec << EXT4_EPOCH_BITS) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK));
733 }
734 
735 static inline void ext4_decode_extra_time(struct timespec *time, __le32 extra)
736 {
737        if (sizeof(time->tv_sec) > 4)
738                time->tv_sec |= (__u64)(le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_EPOCH_MASK)
739                                << 32;
740        time->tv_nsec = (le32_to_cpu(extra) & EXT4_NSEC_MASK) >> EXT4_EPOCH_BITS;
741 }
742 
743 #define EXT4_INODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode)                          \
744 do {                                                                           \
745         (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((inode)->xtime.tv_sec);               \
746         if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra))     \
747                 (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra =                                 \
748                                 ext4_encode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime);       \
749 } while (0)
750 
751 #define EXT4_EINODE_SET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode)                        \
752 do {                                                                           \
753         if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime))                      \
754                 (raw_inode)->xtime = cpu_to_le32((einode)->xtime.tv_sec);      \
755         if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra))            \
756                 (raw_inode)->xtime ## _extra =                                 \
757                                 ext4_encode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime);      \
758 } while (0)
759 
760 #define EXT4_INODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, inode, raw_inode)                          \
761 do {                                                                           \
762         (inode)->xtime.tv_sec = (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime);       \
763         if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, EXT4_I(inode), xtime ## _extra))     \
764                 ext4_decode_extra_time(&(inode)->xtime,                        \
765                                        raw_inode->xtime ## _extra);            \
766         else                                                                   \
767                 (inode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0;                                    \
768 } while (0)
769 
770 #define EXT4_EINODE_GET_XTIME(xtime, einode, raw_inode)                        \
771 do {                                                                           \
772         if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime))                      \
773                 (einode)->xtime.tv_sec =                                       \
774                         (signed)le32_to_cpu((raw_inode)->xtime);               \
775         else                                                                   \
776                 (einode)->xtime.tv_sec = 0;                                    \
777         if (EXT4_FITS_IN_INODE(raw_inode, einode, xtime ## _extra))            \
778                 ext4_decode_extra_time(&(einode)->xtime,                       \
779                                        raw_inode->xtime ## _extra);            \
780         else                                                                   \
781                 (einode)->xtime.tv_nsec = 0;                                   \
782 } while (0)
783 
784 #define i_disk_version osd1.linux1.l_i_version
785 
786 #if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__)
787 #define i_reserved1     osd1.linux1.l_i_reserved1
788 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.linux2.l_i_file_acl_high
789 #define i_blocks_high   osd2.linux2.l_i_blocks_high
790 #define i_uid_low       i_uid
791 #define i_gid_low       i_gid
792 #define i_uid_high      osd2.linux2.l_i_uid_high
793 #define i_gid_high      osd2.linux2.l_i_gid_high
794 #define i_checksum_lo   osd2.linux2.l_i_checksum_lo
795 
796 #elif defined(__GNU__)
797 
798 #define i_translator    osd1.hurd1.h_i_translator
799 #define i_uid_high      osd2.hurd2.h_i_uid_high
800 #define i_gid_high      osd2.hurd2.h_i_gid_high
801 #define i_author        osd2.hurd2.h_i_author
802 
803 #elif defined(__masix__)
804 
805 #define i_reserved1     osd1.masix1.m_i_reserved1
806 #define i_file_acl_high osd2.masix2.m_i_file_acl_high
807 #define i_reserved2     osd2.masix2.m_i_reserved2
808 
809 #endif /* defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__linux__) */
810 
811 #include "extents_status.h"
812 
813 /*
814  * fourth extended file system inode data in memory
815  */
816 struct ext4_inode_info {
817         __le32  i_data[15];     /* unconverted */
818         __u32   i_dtime;
819         ext4_fsblk_t    i_file_acl;
820 
821         /*
822          * i_block_group is the number of the block group which contains
823          * this file's inode.  Constant across the lifetime of the inode,
824          * it is ued for making block allocation decisions - we try to
825          * place a file's data blocks near its inode block, and new inodes
826          * near to their parent directory's inode.
827          */
828         ext4_group_t    i_block_group;
829         ext4_lblk_t     i_dir_start_lookup;
830 #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64)
831         unsigned long   i_state_flags;          /* Dynamic state flags */
832 #endif
833         unsigned long   i_flags;
834 
835         /*
836          * Extended attributes can be read independently of the main file
837          * data. Taking i_mutex even when reading would cause contention
838          * between readers of EAs and writers of regular file data, so
839          * instead we synchronize on xattr_sem when reading or changing
840          * EAs.
841          */
842         struct rw_semaphore xattr_sem;
843 
844         struct list_head i_orphan;      /* unlinked but open inodes */
845 
846         /*
847          * i_disksize keeps track of what the inode size is ON DISK, not
848          * in memory.  During truncate, i_size is set to the new size by
849          * the VFS prior to calling ext4_truncate(), but the filesystem won't
850          * set i_disksize to 0 until the truncate is actually under way.
851          *
852          * The intent is that i_disksize always represents the blocks which
853          * are used by this file.  This allows recovery to restart truncate
854          * on orphans if we crash during truncate.  We actually write i_disksize
855          * into the on-disk inode when writing inodes out, instead of i_size.
856          *
857          * The only time when i_disksize and i_size may be different is when
858          * a truncate is in progress.  The only things which change i_disksize
859          * are ext4_get_block (growth) and ext4_truncate (shrinkth).
860          */
861         loff_t  i_disksize;
862 
863         /*
864          * i_data_sem is for serialising ext4_truncate() against
865          * ext4_getblock().  In the 2.4 ext2 design, great chunks of inode's
866          * data tree are chopped off during truncate. We can't do that in
867          * ext4 because whenever we perform intermediate commits during
868          * truncate, the inode and all the metadata blocks *must* be in a
869          * consistent state which allows truncation of the orphans to restart
870          * during recovery.  Hence we must fix the get_block-vs-truncate race
871          * by other means, so we have i_data_sem.
872          */
873         struct rw_semaphore i_data_sem;
874         struct inode vfs_inode;
875         struct jbd2_inode *jinode;
876 
877         spinlock_t i_raw_lock;  /* protects updates to the raw inode */
878 
879         /*
880          * File creation time. Its function is same as that of
881          * struct timespec i_{a,c,m}time in the generic inode.
882          */
883         struct timespec i_crtime;
884 
885         /* mballoc */
886         struct list_head i_prealloc_list;
887         spinlock_t i_prealloc_lock;
888 
889         /* extents status tree */
890         struct ext4_es_tree i_es_tree;
891         rwlock_t i_es_lock;
892         struct list_head i_es_lru;
893         unsigned int i_es_all_nr;       /* protected by i_es_lock */
894         unsigned int i_es_lru_nr;       /* protected by i_es_lock */
895         unsigned long i_touch_when;     /* jiffies of last accessing */
896 
897         /* ialloc */
898         ext4_group_t    i_last_alloc_group;
899 
900         /* allocation reservation info for delalloc */
901         /* In case of bigalloc, these refer to clusters rather than blocks */
902         unsigned int i_reserved_data_blocks;
903         unsigned int i_reserved_meta_blocks;
904         unsigned int i_allocated_meta_blocks;
905         ext4_lblk_t i_da_metadata_calc_last_lblock;
906         int i_da_metadata_calc_len;
907 
908         /* on-disk additional length */
909         __u16 i_extra_isize;
910 
911         /* Indicate the inline data space. */
912         u16 i_inline_off;
913         u16 i_inline_size;
914 
915 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
916         /* quota space reservation, managed internally by quota code */
917         qsize_t i_reserved_quota;
918 #endif
919 
920         /* Lock protecting lists below */
921         spinlock_t i_completed_io_lock;
922         /*
923          * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and have
924          * transaction reserved
925          */
926         struct list_head i_rsv_conversion_list;
927         /*
928          * Completed IOs that need unwritten extents handling and don't have
929          * transaction reserved
930          */
931         atomic_t i_ioend_count; /* Number of outstanding io_end structs */
932         atomic_t i_unwritten; /* Nr. of inflight conversions pending */
933         struct work_struct i_rsv_conversion_work;
934 
935         spinlock_t i_block_reservation_lock;
936 
937         /*
938          * Transactions that contain inode's metadata needed to complete
939          * fsync and fdatasync, respectively.
940          */
941         tid_t i_sync_tid;
942         tid_t i_datasync_tid;
943 
944         /* Precomputed uuid+inum+igen checksum for seeding inode checksums */
945         __u32 i_csum_seed;
946 };
947 
948 /*
949  * File system states
950  */
951 #define EXT4_VALID_FS                   0x0001  /* Unmounted cleanly */
952 #define EXT4_ERROR_FS                   0x0002  /* Errors detected */
953 #define EXT4_ORPHAN_FS                  0x0004  /* Orphans being recovered */
954 
955 /*
956  * Misc. filesystem flags
957  */
958 #define EXT2_FLAGS_SIGNED_HASH          0x0001  /* Signed dirhash in use */
959 #define EXT2_FLAGS_UNSIGNED_HASH        0x0002  /* Unsigned dirhash in use */
960 #define EXT2_FLAGS_TEST_FILESYS         0x0004  /* to test development code */
961 
962 /*
963  * Mount flags set via mount options or defaults
964  */
965 #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPID                0x00004 /* Create files with directory's group */
966 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DEBUG                0x00008 /* Some debugging messages */
967 #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_CONT          0x00010 /* Continue on errors */
968 #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_RO            0x00020 /* Remount fs ro on errors */
969 #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_PANIC         0x00040 /* Panic on errors */
970 #define EXT4_MOUNT_ERRORS_MASK          0x00070
971 #define EXT4_MOUNT_MINIX_DF             0x00080 /* Mimics the Minix statfs */
972 #define EXT4_MOUNT_NOLOAD               0x00100 /* Don't use existing journal*/
973 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_FLAGS           0x00C00 /* Mode for data writes: */
974 #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_DATA         0x00400 /* Write data to journal */
975 #define EXT4_MOUNT_ORDERED_DATA         0x00800 /* Flush data before commit */
976 #define EXT4_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA       0x00C00 /* No data ordering */
977 #define EXT4_MOUNT_UPDATE_JOURNAL       0x01000 /* Update the journal format */
978 #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_UID32             0x02000  /* Disable 32-bit UIDs */
979 #define EXT4_MOUNT_XATTR_USER           0x04000 /* Extended user attributes */
980 #define EXT4_MOUNT_POSIX_ACL            0x08000 /* POSIX Access Control Lists */
981 #define EXT4_MOUNT_NO_AUTO_DA_ALLOC     0x10000 /* No auto delalloc mapping */
982 #define EXT4_MOUNT_BARRIER              0x20000 /* Use block barriers */
983 #define EXT4_MOUNT_QUOTA                0x80000 /* Some quota option set */
984 #define EXT4_MOUNT_USRQUOTA             0x100000 /* "old" user quota */
985 #define EXT4_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA             0x200000 /* "old" group quota */
986 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DIOREAD_NOLOCK       0x400000 /* Enable support for dio read nolocking */
987 #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_CHECKSUM     0x800000 /* Journal checksums */
988 #define EXT4_MOUNT_JOURNAL_ASYNC_COMMIT 0x1000000 /* Journal Async Commit */
989 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DELALLOC             0x8000000 /* Delalloc support */
990 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DATA_ERR_ABORT       0x10000000 /* Abort on file data write */
991 #define EXT4_MOUNT_BLOCK_VALIDITY       0x20000000 /* Block validity checking */
992 #define EXT4_MOUNT_DISCARD              0x40000000 /* Issue DISCARD requests */
993 #define EXT4_MOUNT_INIT_INODE_TABLE     0x80000000 /* Initialize uninitialized itables */
994 
995 /*
996  * Mount flags set either automatically (could not be set by mount option)
997  * based on per file system feature or property or in special cases such as
998  * distinguishing between explicit mount option definition and default.
999  */
1000 #define EXT4_MOUNT2_EXPLICIT_DELALLOC   0x00000001 /* User explicitly
1001                                                       specified delalloc */
1002 #define EXT4_MOUNT2_STD_GROUP_SIZE      0x00000002 /* We have standard group
1003                                                       size of blocksize * 8
1004                                                       blocks */
1005 #define EXT4_MOUNT2_HURD_COMPAT         0x00000004 /* Support HURD-castrated
1006                                                       file systems */
1007 
1008 #define clear_opt(sb, opt)              EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt &= \
1009                                                 ~EXT4_MOUNT_##opt
1010 #define set_opt(sb, opt)                EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt |= \
1011                                                 EXT4_MOUNT_##opt
1012 #define test_opt(sb, opt)               (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt & \
1013                                          EXT4_MOUNT_##opt)
1014 
1015 #define clear_opt2(sb, opt)             EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 &= \
1016                                                 ~EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt
1017 #define set_opt2(sb, opt)               EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 |= \
1018                                                 EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt
1019 #define test_opt2(sb, opt)              (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mount_opt2 & \
1020                                          EXT4_MOUNT2_##opt)
1021 
1022 #define ext4_test_and_set_bit           __test_and_set_bit_le
1023 #define ext4_set_bit                    __set_bit_le
1024 #define ext4_set_bit_atomic             ext2_set_bit_atomic
1025 #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit         __test_and_clear_bit_le
1026 #define ext4_clear_bit                  __clear_bit_le
1027 #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic           ext2_clear_bit_atomic
1028 #define ext4_test_bit                   test_bit_le
1029 #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit         find_next_zero_bit_le
1030 #define ext4_find_next_bit              find_next_bit_le
1031 
1032 extern void ext4_set_bits(void *bm, int cur, int len);
1033 
1034 /*
1035  * Maximal mount counts between two filesystem checks
1036  */
1037 #define EXT4_DFL_MAX_MNT_COUNT          20      /* Allow 20 mounts */
1038 #define EXT4_DFL_CHECKINTERVAL          0       /* Don't use interval check */
1039 
1040 /*
1041  * Behaviour when detecting errors
1042  */
1043 #define EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE            1       /* Continue execution */
1044 #define EXT4_ERRORS_RO                  2       /* Remount fs read-only */
1045 #define EXT4_ERRORS_PANIC               3       /* Panic */
1046 #define EXT4_ERRORS_DEFAULT             EXT4_ERRORS_CONTINUE
1047 
1048 /* Metadata checksum algorithm codes */
1049 #define EXT4_CRC32C_CHKSUM              1
1050 
1051 /*
1052  * Structure of the super block
1053  */
1054 struct ext4_super_block {
1055 /*00*/  __le32  s_inodes_count;         /* Inodes count */
1056         __le32  s_blocks_count_lo;      /* Blocks count */
1057         __le32  s_r_blocks_count_lo;    /* Reserved blocks count */
1058         __le32  s_free_blocks_count_lo; /* Free blocks count */
1059 /*10*/  __le32  s_free_inodes_count;    /* Free inodes count */
1060         __le32  s_first_data_block;     /* First Data Block */
1061         __le32  s_log_block_size;       /* Block size */
1062         __le32  s_log_cluster_size;     /* Allocation cluster size */
1063 /*20*/  __le32  s_blocks_per_group;     /* # Blocks per group */
1064         __le32  s_clusters_per_group;   /* # Clusters per group */
1065         __le32  s_inodes_per_group;     /* # Inodes per group */
1066         __le32  s_mtime;                /* Mount time */
1067 /*30*/  __le32  s_wtime;                /* Write time */
1068         __le16  s_mnt_count;            /* Mount count */
1069         __le16  s_max_mnt_count;        /* Maximal mount count */
1070         __le16  s_magic;                /* Magic signature */
1071         __le16  s_state;                /* File system state */
1072         __le16  s_errors;               /* Behaviour when detecting errors */
1073         __le16  s_minor_rev_level;      /* minor revision level */
1074 /*40*/  __le32  s_lastcheck;            /* time of last check */
1075         __le32  s_checkinterval;        /* max. time between checks */
1076         __le32  s_creator_os;           /* OS */
1077         __le32  s_rev_level;            /* Revision level */
1078 /*50*/  __le16  s_def_resuid;           /* Default uid for reserved blocks */
1079         __le16  s_def_resgid;           /* Default gid for reserved blocks */
1080         /*
1081          * These fields are for EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV superblocks only.
1082          *
1083          * Note: the difference between the compatible feature set and
1084          * the incompatible feature set is that if there is a bit set
1085          * in the incompatible feature set that the kernel doesn't
1086          * know about, it should refuse to mount the filesystem.
1087          *
1088          * e2fsck's requirements are more strict; if it doesn't know
1089          * about a feature in either the compatible or incompatible
1090          * feature set, it must abort and not try to meddle with
1091          * things it doesn't understand...
1092          */
1093         __le32  s_first_ino;            /* First non-reserved inode */
1094         __le16  s_inode_size;           /* size of inode structure */
1095         __le16  s_block_group_nr;       /* block group # of this superblock */
1096         __le32  s_feature_compat;       /* compatible feature set */
1097 /*60*/  __le32  s_feature_incompat;     /* incompatible feature set */
1098         __le32  s_feature_ro_compat;    /* readonly-compatible feature set */
1099 /*68*/  __u8    s_uuid[16];             /* 128-bit uuid for volume */
1100 /*78*/  char    s_volume_name[16];      /* volume name */
1101 /*88*/  char    s_last_mounted[64];     /* directory where last mounted */
1102 /*C8*/  __le32  s_algorithm_usage_bitmap; /* For compression */
1103         /*
1104          * Performance hints.  Directory preallocation should only
1105          * happen if the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC flag is on.
1106          */
1107         __u8    s_prealloc_blocks;      /* Nr of blocks to try to preallocate*/
1108         __u8    s_prealloc_dir_blocks;  /* Nr to preallocate for dirs */
1109         __le16  s_reserved_gdt_blocks;  /* Per group desc for online growth */
1110         /*
1111          * Journaling support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL set.
1112          */
1113 /*D0*/  __u8    s_journal_uuid[16];     /* uuid of journal superblock */
1114 /*E0*/  __le32  s_journal_inum;         /* inode number of journal file */
1115         __le32  s_journal_dev;          /* device number of journal file */
1116         __le32  s_last_orphan;          /* start of list of inodes to delete */
1117         __le32  s_hash_seed[4];         /* HTREE hash seed */
1118         __u8    s_def_hash_version;     /* Default hash version to use */
1119         __u8    s_jnl_backup_type;
1120         __le16  s_desc_size;            /* size of group descriptor */
1121 /*100*/ __le32  s_default_mount_opts;
1122         __le32  s_first_meta_bg;        /* First metablock block group */
1123         __le32  s_mkfs_time;            /* When the filesystem was created */
1124         __le32  s_jnl_blocks[17];       /* Backup of the journal inode */
1125         /* 64bit support valid if EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_64BIT */
1126 /*150*/ __le32  s_blocks_count_hi;      /* Blocks count */
1127         __le32  s_r_blocks_count_hi;    /* Reserved blocks count */
1128         __le32  s_free_blocks_count_hi; /* Free blocks count */
1129         __le16  s_min_extra_isize;      /* All inodes have at least # bytes */
1130         __le16  s_want_extra_isize;     /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */
1131         __le32  s_flags;                /* Miscellaneous flags */
1132         __le16  s_raid_stride;          /* RAID stride */
1133         __le16  s_mmp_update_interval;  /* # seconds to wait in MMP checking */
1134         __le64  s_mmp_block;            /* Block for multi-mount protection */
1135         __le32  s_raid_stripe_width;    /* blocks on all data disks (N*stride)*/
1136         __u8    s_log_groups_per_flex;  /* FLEX_BG group size */
1137         __u8    s_checksum_type;        /* metadata checksum algorithm used */
1138         __le16  s_reserved_pad;
1139         __le64  s_kbytes_written;       /* nr of lifetime kilobytes written */
1140         __le32  s_snapshot_inum;        /* Inode number of active snapshot */
1141         __le32  s_snapshot_id;          /* sequential ID of active snapshot */
1142         __le64  s_snapshot_r_blocks_count; /* reserved blocks for active
1143                                               snapshot's future use */
1144         __le32  s_snapshot_list;        /* inode number of the head of the
1145                                            on-disk snapshot list */
1146 #define EXT4_S_ERR_START offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_error_count)
1147         __le32  s_error_count;          /* number of fs errors */
1148         __le32  s_first_error_time;     /* first time an error happened */
1149         __le32  s_first_error_ino;      /* inode involved in first error */
1150         __le64  s_first_error_block;    /* block involved of first error */
1151         __u8    s_first_error_func[32]; /* function where the error happened */
1152         __le32  s_first_error_line;     /* line number where error happened */
1153         __le32  s_last_error_time;      /* most recent time of an error */
1154         __le32  s_last_error_ino;       /* inode involved in last error */
1155         __le32  s_last_error_line;      /* line number where error happened */
1156         __le64  s_last_error_block;     /* block involved of last error */
1157         __u8    s_last_error_func[32];  /* function where the error happened */
1158 #define EXT4_S_ERR_END offsetof(struct ext4_super_block, s_mount_opts)
1159         __u8    s_mount_opts[64];
1160         __le32  s_usr_quota_inum;       /* inode for tracking user quota */
1161         __le32  s_grp_quota_inum;       /* inode for tracking group quota */
1162         __le32  s_overhead_clusters;    /* overhead blocks/clusters in fs */
1163         __le32  s_backup_bgs[2];        /* groups with sparse_super2 SBs */
1164         __le32  s_reserved[106];        /* Padding to the end of the block */
1165         __le32  s_checksum;             /* crc32c(superblock) */
1166 };
1167 
1168 #define EXT4_S_ERR_LEN (EXT4_S_ERR_END - EXT4_S_ERR_START)
1169 
1170 #ifdef __KERNEL__
1171 
1172 /*
1173  * run-time mount flags
1174  */
1175 #define EXT4_MF_MNTDIR_SAMPLED  0x0001
1176 #define EXT4_MF_FS_ABORTED      0x0002  /* Fatal error detected */
1177 
1178 /* Number of quota types we support */
1179 #define EXT4_MAXQUOTAS 2
1180 
1181 /*
1182  * fourth extended-fs super-block data in memory
1183  */
1184 struct ext4_sb_info {
1185         unsigned long s_desc_size;      /* Size of a group descriptor in bytes */
1186         unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */
1187         unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */
1188         unsigned long s_clusters_per_group; /* Number of clusters in a group */
1189         unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */
1190         unsigned long s_itb_per_group;  /* Number of inode table blocks per group */
1191         unsigned long s_gdb_count;      /* Number of group descriptor blocks */
1192         unsigned long s_desc_per_block; /* Number of group descriptors per block */
1193         ext4_group_t s_groups_count;    /* Number of groups in the fs */
1194         ext4_group_t s_blockfile_groups;/* Groups acceptable for non-extent files */
1195         unsigned long s_overhead;  /* # of fs overhead clusters */
1196         unsigned int s_cluster_ratio;   /* Number of blocks per cluster */
1197         unsigned int s_cluster_bits;    /* log2 of s_cluster_ratio */
1198         loff_t s_bitmap_maxbytes;       /* max bytes for bitmap files */
1199         struct buffer_head * s_sbh;     /* Buffer containing the super block */
1200         struct ext4_super_block *s_es;  /* Pointer to the super block in the buffer */
1201         struct buffer_head **s_group_desc;
1202         unsigned int s_mount_opt;
1203         unsigned int s_mount_opt2;
1204         unsigned int s_mount_flags;
1205         unsigned int s_def_mount_opt;
1206         ext4_fsblk_t s_sb_block;
1207         atomic64_t s_resv_clusters;
1208         kuid_t s_resuid;
1209         kgid_t s_resgid;
1210         unsigned short s_mount_state;
1211         unsigned short s_pad;
1212         int s_addr_per_block_bits;
1213         int s_desc_per_block_bits;
1214         int s_inode_size;
1215         int s_first_ino;
1216         unsigned int s_inode_readahead_blks;
1217         unsigned int s_inode_goal;
1218         spinlock_t s_next_gen_lock;
1219         u32 s_next_generation;
1220         u32 s_hash_seed[4];
1221         int s_def_hash_version;
1222         int s_hash_unsigned;    /* 3 if hash should be signed, 0 if not */
1223         struct percpu_counter s_freeclusters_counter;
1224         struct percpu_counter s_freeinodes_counter;
1225         struct percpu_counter s_dirs_counter;
1226         struct percpu_counter s_dirtyclusters_counter;
1227         struct blockgroup_lock *s_blockgroup_lock;
1228         struct proc_dir_entry *s_proc;
1229         struct kobject s_kobj;
1230         struct completion s_kobj_unregister;
1231         struct super_block *s_sb;
1232 
1233         /* Journaling */
1234         struct journal_s *s_journal;
1235         struct list_head s_orphan;
1236         struct mutex s_orphan_lock;
1237         unsigned long s_resize_flags;           /* Flags indicating if there
1238                                                    is a resizer */
1239         unsigned long s_commit_interval;
1240         u32 s_max_batch_time;
1241         u32 s_min_batch_time;
1242         struct block_device *journal_bdev;
1243 #ifdef CONFIG_QUOTA
1244         char *s_qf_names[EXT4_MAXQUOTAS];       /* Names of quota files with journalled quota */
1245         int s_jquota_fmt;                       /* Format of quota to use */
1246 #endif
1247         unsigned int s_want_extra_isize; /* New inodes should reserve # bytes */
1248         struct rb_root system_blks;
1249 
1250 #ifdef EXTENTS_STATS
1251         /* ext4 extents stats */
1252         unsigned long s_ext_min;
1253         unsigned long s_ext_max;
1254         unsigned long s_depth_max;
1255         spinlock_t s_ext_stats_lock;
1256         unsigned long s_ext_blocks;
1257         unsigned long s_ext_extents;
1258 #endif
1259 
1260         /* for buddy allocator */
1261         struct ext4_group_info ***s_group_info;
1262         struct inode *s_buddy_cache;
1263         spinlock_t s_md_lock;
1264         unsigned short *s_mb_offsets;
1265         unsigned int *s_mb_maxs;
1266         unsigned int s_group_info_size;
1267 
1268         /* tunables */
1269         unsigned long s_stripe;
1270         unsigned int s_mb_stream_request;
1271         unsigned int s_mb_max_to_scan;
1272         unsigned int s_mb_min_to_scan;
1273         unsigned int s_mb_stats;
1274         unsigned int s_mb_order2_reqs;
1275         unsigned int s_mb_group_prealloc;
1276         unsigned int s_max_dir_size_kb;
1277         /* where last allocation was done - for stream allocation */
1278         unsigned long s_mb_last_group;
1279         unsigned long s_mb_last_start;
1280 
1281         /* stats for buddy allocator */
1282         atomic_t s_bal_reqs;    /* number of reqs with len > 1 */
1283         atomic_t s_bal_success; /* we found long enough chunks */
1284         atomic_t s_bal_allocated;       /* in blocks */
1285         atomic_t s_bal_ex_scanned;      /* total extents scanned */
1286         atomic_t s_bal_goals;   /* goal hits */
1287         atomic_t s_bal_breaks;  /* too long searches */
1288         atomic_t s_bal_2orders; /* 2^order hits */
1289         spinlock_t s_bal_lock;
1290         unsigned long s_mb_buddies_generated;
1291         unsigned long long s_mb_generation_time;
1292         atomic_t s_mb_lost_chunks;
1293         atomic_t s_mb_preallocated;
1294         atomic_t s_mb_discarded;
1295         atomic_t s_lock_busy;
1296 
1297         /* locality groups */
1298         struct ext4_locality_group __percpu *s_locality_groups;
1299 
1300         /* for write statistics */
1301         unsigned long s_sectors_written_start;
1302         u64 s_kbytes_written;
1303 
1304         /* the size of zero-out chunk */
1305         unsigned int s_extent_max_zeroout_kb;
1306 
1307         unsigned int s_log_groups_per_flex;
1308         struct flex_groups *s_flex_groups;
1309         ext4_group_t s_flex_groups_allocated;
1310 
1311         /* workqueue for reserved extent conversions (buffered io) */
1312         struct workqueue_struct *rsv_conversion_wq;
1313 
1314         /* timer for periodic error stats printing */
1315         struct timer_list s_err_report;
1316 
1317         /* Lazy inode table initialization info */
1318         struct ext4_li_request *s_li_request;
1319         /* Wait multiplier for lazy initialization thread */
1320         unsigned int s_li_wait_mult;
1321 
1322         /* Kernel thread for multiple mount protection */
1323         struct task_struct *s_mmp_tsk;
1324 
1325         /* record the last minlen when FITRIM is called. */
1326         atomic_t s_last_trim_minblks;
1327 
1328         /* Reference to checksum algorithm driver via cryptoapi */
1329         struct crypto_shash *s_chksum_driver;
1330 
1331         /* Precomputed FS UUID checksum for seeding other checksums */
1332         __u32 s_csum_seed;
1333 
1334         /* Reclaim extents from extent status tree */
1335         struct shrinker s_es_shrinker;
1336         struct list_head s_es_lru;
1337         struct ext4_es_stats s_es_stats;
1338         struct mb_cache *s_mb_cache;
1339         spinlock_t s_es_lru_lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
1340 
1341         /* Ratelimit ext4 messages. */
1342         struct ratelimit_state s_err_ratelimit_state;
1343         struct ratelimit_state s_warning_ratelimit_state;
1344         struct ratelimit_state s_msg_ratelimit_state;
1345 };
1346 
1347 static inline struct ext4_sb_info *EXT4_SB(struct super_block *sb)
1348 {
1349         return sb->s_fs_info;
1350 }
1351 static inline struct ext4_inode_info *EXT4_I(struct inode *inode)
1352 {
1353         return container_of(inode, struct ext4_inode_info, vfs_inode);
1354 }
1355 
1356 static inline struct timespec ext4_current_time(struct inode *inode)
1357 {
1358         return (inode->i_sb->s_time_gran < NSEC_PER_SEC) ?
1359                 current_fs_time(inode->i_sb) : CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
1360 }
1361 
1362 static inline int ext4_valid_inum(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino)
1363 {
1364         return ino == EXT4_ROOT_INO ||
1365                 ino == EXT4_USR_QUOTA_INO ||
1366                 ino == EXT4_GRP_QUOTA_INO ||
1367                 ino == EXT4_BOOT_LOADER_INO ||
1368                 ino == EXT4_JOURNAL_INO ||
1369                 ino == EXT4_RESIZE_INO ||
1370                 (ino >= EXT4_FIRST_INO(sb) &&
1371                  ino <= le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_inodes_count));
1372 }
1373 
1374 static inline void ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(struct inode *inode,
1375                                               struct ext4_io_end *io_end)
1376 {
1377         if (!(io_end->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN)) {
1378                 io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN;
1379                 atomic_inc(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten);
1380         }
1381 }
1382 
1383 static inline ext4_io_end_t *ext4_inode_aio(struct inode *inode)
1384 {
1385         return inode->i_private;
1386 }
1387 
1388 static inline void ext4_inode_aio_set(struct inode *inode, ext4_io_end_t *io)
1389 {
1390         inode->i_private = io;
1391 }
1392 
1393 /*
1394  * Inode dynamic state flags
1395  */
1396 enum {
1397         EXT4_STATE_JDATA,               /* journaled data exists */
1398         EXT4_STATE_NEW,                 /* inode is newly created */
1399         EXT4_STATE_XATTR,               /* has in-inode xattrs */
1400         EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND,           /* No space for expansion */
1401         EXT4_STATE_DA_ALLOC_CLOSE,      /* Alloc DA blks on close */
1402         EXT4_STATE_EXT_MIGRATE,         /* Inode is migrating */
1403         EXT4_STATE_DIO_UNWRITTEN,       /* need convert on dio done*/
1404         EXT4_STATE_NEWENTRY,            /* File just added to dir */
1405         EXT4_STATE_DIOREAD_LOCK,        /* Disable support for dio read
1406                                            nolocking */
1407         EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA,     /* may have in-inode data */
1408         EXT4_STATE_ORDERED_MODE,        /* data=ordered mode */
1409         EXT4_STATE_EXT_PRECACHED,       /* extents have been precached */
1410 };
1411 
1412 #define EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(name, field, offset)                         \
1413 static inline int ext4_test_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit)  \
1414 {                                                                       \
1415         return test_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field);     \
1416 }                                                                       \
1417 static inline void ext4_set_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit)  \
1418 {                                                                       \
1419         set_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field);             \
1420 }                                                                       \
1421 static inline void ext4_clear_inode_##name(struct inode *inode, int bit) \
1422 {                                                                       \
1423         clear_bit(bit + (offset), &EXT4_I(inode)->i_##field);           \
1424 }
1425 
1426 /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be
1427  * found by name.  Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */
1428 static inline int ext4_test_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit);
1429 static inline void ext4_set_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit);
1430 static inline void ext4_clear_inode_flag(struct inode *inode, int bit);
1431 EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(flag, flags, 0)
1432 
1433 /* Add these declarations here only so that these functions can be
1434  * found by name.  Otherwise, they are very hard to locate. */
1435 static inline int ext4_test_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit);
1436 static inline void ext4_set_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit);
1437 static inline void ext4_clear_inode_state(struct inode *inode, int bit);
1438 #if (BITS_PER_LONG < 64)
1439 EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, state_flags, 0)
1440 
1441 static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei)
1442 {
1443         (ei)->i_state_flags = 0;
1444 }
1445 #else
1446 EXT4_INODE_BIT_FNS(state, flags, 32)
1447 
1448 static inline void ext4_clear_state_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *ei)
1449 {
1450         /* We depend on the fact that callers will set i_flags */
1451 }
1452 #endif
1453 #else
1454 /* Assume that user mode programs are passing in an ext4fs superblock, not
1455  * a kernel struct super_block.  This will allow us to call the feature-test
1456  * macros from user land. */
1457 #define EXT4_SB(sb)     (sb)
1458 #endif
1459 
1460 #define NEXT_ORPHAN(inode) EXT4_I(inode)->i_dtime
1461 
1462 /*
1463  * Codes for operating systems
1464  */
1465 #define EXT4_OS_LINUX           0
1466 #define EXT4_OS_HURD            1
1467 #define EXT4_OS_MASIX           2
1468 #define EXT4_OS_FREEBSD         3
1469 #define EXT4_OS_LITES           4
1470 
1471 /*
1472  * Revision levels
1473  */
1474 #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV       0       /* The good old (original) format */
1475 #define EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV        1       /* V2 format w/ dynamic inode sizes */
1476 
1477 #define EXT4_CURRENT_REV        EXT4_GOOD_OLD_REV
1478 #define EXT4_MAX_SUPP_REV       EXT4_DYNAMIC_REV
1479 
1480 #define EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE 128
1481 
1482 /*
1483  * Feature set definitions
1484  */
1485 
1486 #define EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                        \
1487         ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat & cpu_to_le32(mask)) != 0)
1488 #define EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                     \
1489         ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat & cpu_to_le32(mask)) != 0)
1490 #define EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                      \
1491         ((EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat & cpu_to_le32(mask)) != 0)
1492 #define EXT4_SET_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                        \
1493         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat |= cpu_to_le32(mask)
1494 #define EXT4_SET_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                     \
1495         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat |= cpu_to_le32(mask)
1496 #define EXT4_SET_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                      \
1497         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat |= cpu_to_le32(mask)
1498 #define EXT4_CLEAR_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                      \
1499         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_compat &= ~cpu_to_le32(mask)
1500 #define EXT4_CLEAR_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                   \
1501         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_ro_compat &= ~cpu_to_le32(mask)
1502 #define EXT4_CLEAR_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb,mask)                    \
1503         EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_feature_incompat &= ~cpu_to_le32(mask)
1504 
1505 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_PREALLOC        0x0001
1506 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_IMAGIC_INODES       0x0002
1507 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL         0x0004
1508 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR            0x0008
1509 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE        0x0010
1510 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX           0x0020
1511 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER2       0x0200
1512 
1513 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER     0x0001
1514 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE       0x0002
1515 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR        0x0004
1516 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE        0x0008
1517 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM         0x0010
1518 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK        0x0020
1519 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE      0x0040
1520 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA            0x0100
1521 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC         0x0200
1522 /*
1523  * METADATA_CSUM also enables group descriptor checksums (GDT_CSUM).  When
1524  * METADATA_CSUM is set, group descriptor checksums use the same algorithm as
1525  * all other data structures' checksums.  However, the METADATA_CSUM and
1526  * GDT_CSUM bits are mutually exclusive.
1527  */
1528 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM    0x0400
1529 
1530 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_COMPRESSION       0x0001
1531 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE          0x0002
1532 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER           0x0004 /* Needs recovery */
1533 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_JOURNAL_DEV       0x0008 /* Journal device */
1534 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG           0x0010
1535 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS           0x0040 /* extents support */
1536 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT             0x0080
1537 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP               0x0100
1538 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG           0x0200
1539 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EA_INODE          0x0400 /* EA in inode */
1540 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_DIRDATA           0x1000 /* data in dirent */
1541 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_BG_USE_META_CSUM  0x2000 /* use crc32c for bg */
1542 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_LARGEDIR          0x4000 /* >2GB or 3-lvl htree */
1543 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA       0x8000 /* data in inode */
1544 
1545 #define EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP        EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR
1546 #define EXT2_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP      (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \
1547                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG)
1548 #define EXT2_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP     (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \
1549                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \
1550                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR)
1551 
1552 #define EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP        EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR
1553 #define EXT3_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP      (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \
1554                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \
1555                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG)
1556 #define EXT3_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP     (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \
1557                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \
1558                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR)
1559 
1560 #define EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_SUPP        EXT2_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR
1561 #define EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_SUPP      (EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE| \
1562                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_RECOVER| \
1563                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_META_BG| \
1564                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS| \
1565                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_64BIT| \
1566                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG| \
1567                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_MMP |    \
1568                                          EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_INLINE_DATA)
1569 #define EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SUPP     (EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_SPARSE_SUPER| \
1570                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_LARGE_FILE| \
1571                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM| \
1572                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_DIR_NLINK | \
1573                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_EXTRA_ISIZE | \
1574                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BTREE_DIR |\
1575                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_HUGE_FILE |\
1576                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_BIGALLOC |\
1577                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM|\
1578                                          EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA)
1579 
1580 /*
1581  * Default values for user and/or group using reserved blocks
1582  */
1583 #define EXT4_DEF_RESUID         0
1584 #define EXT4_DEF_RESGID         0
1585 
1586 #define EXT4_DEF_INODE_READAHEAD_BLKS   32
1587 
1588 /*
1589  * Default mount options
1590  */
1591 #define EXT4_DEFM_DEBUG         0x0001
1592 #define EXT4_DEFM_BSDGROUPS     0x0002
1593 #define EXT4_DEFM_XATTR_USER    0x0004
1594 #define EXT4_DEFM_ACL           0x0008
1595 #define EXT4_DEFM_UID16         0x0010
1596 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE         0x0060
1597 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_DATA    0x0020
1598 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_ORDERED 0x0040
1599 #define EXT4_DEFM_JMODE_WBACK   0x0060
1600 #define EXT4_DEFM_NOBARRIER     0x0100
1601 #define EXT4_DEFM_BLOCK_VALIDITY 0x0200
1602 #define EXT4_DEFM_DISCARD       0x0400
1603 #define EXT4_DEFM_NODELALLOC    0x0800
1604 
1605 /*
1606  * Default journal batch times
1607  */
1608 #define EXT4_DEF_MIN_BATCH_TIME 0
1609 #define EXT4_DEF_MAX_BATCH_TIME 15000 /* 15ms */
1610 
1611 /*
1612  * Minimum number of groups in a flexgroup before we separate out
1613  * directories into the first block group of a flexgroup
1614  */
1615 #define EXT4_FLEX_SIZE_DIR_ALLOC_SCHEME 4
1616 
1617 /*
1618  * Structure of a directory entry
1619  */
1620 #define EXT4_NAME_LEN 255
1621 
1622 struct ext4_dir_entry {
1623         __le32  inode;                  /* Inode number */
1624         __le16  rec_len;                /* Directory entry length */
1625         __le16  name_len;               /* Name length */
1626         char    name[EXT4_NAME_LEN];    /* File name */
1627 };
1628 
1629 /*
1630  * The new version of the directory entry.  Since EXT4 structures are
1631  * stored in intel byte order, and the name_len field could never be
1632  * bigger than 255 chars, it's safe to reclaim the extra byte for the
1633  * file_type field.
1634  */
1635 struct ext4_dir_entry_2 {
1636         __le32  inode;                  /* Inode number */
1637         __le16  rec_len;                /* Directory entry length */
1638         __u8    name_len;               /* Name length */
1639         __u8    file_type;
1640         char    name[EXT4_NAME_LEN];    /* File name */
1641 };
1642 
1643 /*
1644  * This is a bogus directory entry at the end of each leaf block that
1645  * records checksums.
1646  */
1647 struct ext4_dir_entry_tail {
1648         __le32  det_reserved_zero1;     /* Pretend to be unused */
1649         __le16  det_rec_len;            /* 12 */
1650         __u8    det_reserved_zero2;     /* Zero name length */
1651         __u8    det_reserved_ft;        /* 0xDE, fake file type */
1652         __le32  det_checksum;           /* crc32c(uuid+inum+dirblock) */
1653 };
1654 
1655 #define EXT4_DIRENT_TAIL(block, blocksize) \
1656         ((struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *)(((void *)(block)) + \
1657                                         ((blocksize) - \
1658                                          sizeof(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail))))
1659 
1660 /*
1661  * Ext4 directory file types.  Only the low 3 bits are used.  The
1662  * other bits are reserved for now.
1663  */
1664 #define EXT4_FT_UNKNOWN         0
1665 #define EXT4_FT_REG_FILE        1
1666 #define EXT4_FT_DIR             2
1667 #define EXT4_FT_CHRDEV          3
1668 #define EXT4_FT_BLKDEV          4
1669 #define EXT4_FT_FIFO            5
1670 #define EXT4_FT_SOCK            6
1671 #define EXT4_FT_SYMLINK         7
1672 
1673 #define EXT4_FT_MAX             8
1674 
1675 #define EXT4_FT_DIR_CSUM        0xDE
1676 
1677 /*
1678  * EXT4_DIR_PAD defines the directory entries boundaries
1679  *
1680  * NOTE: It must be a multiple of 4
1681  */
1682 #define EXT4_DIR_PAD                    4
1683 #define EXT4_DIR_ROUND                  (EXT4_DIR_PAD - 1)
1684 #define EXT4_DIR_REC_LEN(name_len)      (((name_len) + 8 + EXT4_DIR_ROUND) & \
1685                                          ~EXT4_DIR_ROUND)
1686 #define EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN                ((1<<16)-1)
1687 
1688 /*
1689  * If we ever get support for fs block sizes > page_size, we'll need
1690  * to remove the #if statements in the next two functions...
1691  */
1692 static inline unsigned int
1693 ext4_rec_len_from_disk(__le16 dlen, unsigned blocksize)
1694 {
1695         unsigned len = le16_to_cpu(dlen);
1696 
1697 #if (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE >= 65536)
1698         if (len == EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN || len == 0)
1699                 return blocksize;
1700         return (len & 65532) | ((len & 3) << 16);
1701 #else
1702         return len;
1703 #endif
1704 }
1705 
1706 static inline __le16 ext4_rec_len_to_disk(unsigned len, unsigned blocksize)
1707 {
1708         if ((len > blocksize) || (blocksize > (1 << 18)) || (len & 3))
1709                 BUG();
1710 #if (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE >= 65536)
1711         if (len < 65536)
1712                 return cpu_to_le16(len);
1713         if (len == blocksize) {
1714                 if (blocksize == 65536)
1715                         return cpu_to_le16(EXT4_MAX_REC_LEN);
1716                 else
1717                         return cpu_to_le16(0);
1718         }
1719         return cpu_to_le16((len & 65532) | ((len >> 16) & 3));
1720 #else
1721         return cpu_to_le16(len);
1722 #endif
1723 }
1724 
1725 /*
1726  * Hash Tree Directory indexing
1727  * (c) Daniel Phillips, 2001
1728  */
1729 
1730 #define is_dx(dir) (EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(dir->i_sb, \
1731                                       EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX) && \
1732                     ext4_test_inode_flag((dir), EXT4_INODE_INDEX))
1733 #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_MAX(dir) (!is_dx(dir) && (dir)->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX)
1734 #define EXT4_DIR_LINK_EMPTY(dir) ((dir)->i_nlink == 2 || (dir)->i_nlink == 1)
1735 
1736 /* Legal values for the dx_root hash_version field: */
1737 
1738 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY          0
1739 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4        1
1740 #define DX_HASH_TEA             2
1741 #define DX_HASH_LEGACY_UNSIGNED 3
1742 #define DX_HASH_HALF_MD4_UNSIGNED       4
1743 #define DX_HASH_TEA_UNSIGNED            5
1744 
1745 static inline u32 ext4_chksum(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi, u32 crc,
1746                               const void *address, unsigned int length)
1747 {
1748         struct {
1749                 struct shash_desc shash;
1750                 char ctx[4];
1751         } desc;
1752         int err;
1753 
1754         BUG_ON(crypto_shash_descsize(sbi->s_chksum_driver)!=sizeof(desc.ctx));
1755 
1756         desc.shash.tfm = sbi->s_chksum_driver;
1757         desc.shash.flags = 0;
1758         *(u32 *)desc.ctx = crc;
1759 
1760         err = crypto_shash_update(&desc.shash, address, length);
1761         BUG_ON(err);
1762 
1763         return *(u32 *)desc.ctx;
1764 }
1765 
1766 #ifdef __KERNEL__
1767 
1768 /* hash info structure used by the directory hash */
1769 struct dx_hash_info
1770 {
1771         u32             hash;
1772         u32             minor_hash;
1773         int             hash_version;
1774         u32             *seed;
1775 };
1776 
1777 
1778 /* 32 and 64 bit signed EOF for dx directories */
1779 #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_32BIT   ((1UL  << (32 - 1)) - 1)
1780 #define EXT4_HTREE_EOF_64BIT   ((1ULL << (64 - 1)) - 1)
1781 
1782 
1783 /*
1784  * Control parameters used by ext4_htree_next_block
1785  */
1786 #define HASH_NB_ALWAYS          1
1787 
1788 
1789 /*
1790  * Describe an inode's exact location on disk and in memory
1791  */
1792 struct ext4_iloc
1793 {
1794         struct buffer_head *bh;
1795         unsigned long offset;
1796         ext4_group_t block_group;
1797 };
1798 
1799 static inline struct ext4_inode *ext4_raw_inode(struct ext4_iloc *iloc)
1800 {
1801         return (struct ext4_inode *) (iloc->bh->b_data + iloc->offset);
1802 }
1803 
1804 /*
1805  * This structure is stuffed into the struct file's private_data field
1806  * for directories.  It is where we put information so that we can do
1807  * readdir operations in hash tree order.
1808  */
1809 struct dir_private_info {
1810         struct rb_root  root;
1811         struct rb_node  *curr_node;
1812         struct fname    *extra_fname;
1813         loff_t          last_pos;
1814         __u32           curr_hash;
1815         __u32           curr_minor_hash;
1816         __u32           next_hash;
1817 };
1818 
1819 /* calculate the first block number of the group */
1820 static inline ext4_fsblk_t
1821 ext4_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group_no)
1822 {
1823         return group_no * (ext4_fsblk_t)EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) +
1824                 le32_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block);
1825 }
1826 
1827 /*
1828  * Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers.
1829  */
1830 #define ERR_BAD_DX_DIR  (-(MAX_ERRNO - 1))
1831 
1832 /*
1833  * Timeout and state flag for lazy initialization inode thread.
1834  */
1835 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_WAIT_MULT                   10
1836 #define EXT4_DEF_LI_MAX_START_DELAY             5
1837 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_QUIT                      0x0001
1838 #define EXT4_LAZYINIT_RUNNING                   0x0002
1839 
1840 /*
1841  * Lazy inode table initialization info
1842  */
1843 struct ext4_lazy_init {
1844         unsigned long           li_state;
1845         struct list_head        li_request_list;
1846         struct mutex            li_list_mtx;
1847 };
1848 
1849 struct ext4_li_request {
1850         struct super_block      *lr_super;
1851         struct ext4_sb_info     *lr_sbi;
1852         ext4_group_t            lr_next_group;
1853         struct list_head        lr_request;
1854         unsigned long           lr_next_sched;
1855         unsigned long           lr_timeout;
1856 };
1857 
1858 struct ext4_features {
1859         struct kobject f_kobj;
1860         struct completion f_kobj_unregister;
1861 };
1862 
1863 /*
1864  * This structure will be used for multiple mount protection. It will be
1865  * written into the block number saved in the s_mmp_block field in the
1866  * superblock. Programs that check MMP should assume that if
1867  * SEQ_FSCK (or any unknown code above SEQ_MAX) is present then it is NOT safe
1868  * to use the filesystem, regardless of how old the timestamp is.
1869  */
1870 #define EXT4_MMP_MAGIC     0x004D4D50U /* ASCII for MMP */
1871 #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_CLEAN 0xFF4D4D50U /* mmp_seq value for clean unmount */
1872 #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_FSCK  0xE24D4D50U /* mmp_seq value when being fscked */
1873 #define EXT4_MMP_SEQ_MAX   0xE24D4D4FU /* maximum valid mmp_seq value */
1874 
1875 struct mmp_struct {
1876         __le32  mmp_magic;              /* Magic number for MMP */
1877         __le32  mmp_seq;                /* Sequence no. updated periodically */
1878 
1879         /*
1880          * mmp_time, mmp_nodename & mmp_bdevname are only used for information
1881          * purposes and do not affect the correctness of the algorithm
1882          */
1883         __le64  mmp_time;               /* Time last updated */
1884         char    mmp_nodename[64];       /* Node which last updated MMP block */
1885         char    mmp_bdevname[32];       /* Bdev which last updated MMP block */
1886 
1887         /*
1888          * mmp_check_interval is used to verify if the MMP block has been
1889          * updated on the block device. The value is updated based on the
1890          * maximum time to write the MMP block during an update cycle.
1891          */
1892         __le16  mmp_check_interval;
1893 
1894         __le16  mmp_pad1;
1895         __le32  mmp_pad2[226];
1896         __le32  mmp_checksum;           /* crc32c(uuid+mmp_block) */
1897 };
1898 
1899 /* arguments passed to the mmp thread */
1900 struct mmpd_data {
1901         struct buffer_head *bh; /* bh from initial read_mmp_block() */
1902         struct super_block *sb;  /* super block of the fs */
1903 };
1904 
1905 /*
1906  * Check interval multiplier
1907  * The MMP block is written every update interval and initially checked every
1908  * update interval x the multiplier (the value is then adapted based on the
1909  * write latency). The reason is that writes can be delayed under load and we
1910  * don't want readers to incorrectly assume that the filesystem is no longer
1911  * in use.
1912  */
1913 #define EXT4_MMP_CHECK_MULT             2UL
1914 
1915 /*
1916  * Minimum interval for MMP checking in seconds.
1917  */
1918 #define EXT4_MMP_MIN_CHECK_INTERVAL     5UL
1919 
1920 /*
1921  * Maximum interval for MMP checking in seconds.
1922  */
1923 #define EXT4_MMP_MAX_CHECK_INTERVAL     300UL
1924 
1925 /*
1926  * Function prototypes
1927  */
1928 
1929 /*
1930  * Ok, these declarations are also in <linux/kernel.h> but none of the
1931  * ext4 source programs needs to include it so they are duplicated here.
1932  */
1933 # define NORET_TYPE     /**/
1934 # define ATTRIB_NORET   __attribute__((noreturn))
1935 # define NORET_AND      noreturn,
1936 
1937 /* bitmap.c */
1938 extern unsigned int ext4_count_free(char *bitmap, unsigned numchars);
1939 void ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
1940                                 struct ext4_group_desc *gdp,
1941                                 struct buffer_head *bh, int sz);
1942 int ext4_inode_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
1943                                   struct ext4_group_desc *gdp,
1944                                   struct buffer_head *bh, int sz);
1945 void ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
1946                                 struct ext4_group_desc *gdp,
1947                                 struct buffer_head *bh);
1948 int ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group,
1949                                   struct ext4_group_desc *gdp,
1950                                   struct buffer_head *bh);
1951 
1952 /* balloc.c */
1953 extern void ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(struct super_block *sb,
1954                                          ext4_fsblk_t blocknr,
1955                                          ext4_group_t *blockgrpp,
1956                                          ext4_grpblk_t *offsetp);
1957 extern ext4_group_t ext4_get_group_number(struct super_block *sb,
1958                                           ext4_fsblk_t block);
1959 
1960 extern unsigned int ext4_block_group(struct super_block *sb,
1961                         ext4_fsblk_t blocknr);
1962 extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb,
1963                         ext4_fsblk_t blocknr);
1964 extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group);
1965 extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb,
1966                         ext4_group_t group);
1967 extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
1968                                          ext4_fsblk_t goal,
1969                                          unsigned int flags,
1970                                          unsigned long *count,
1971                                          int *errp);
1972 extern int ext4_claim_free_clusters(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
1973                                     s64 nclusters, unsigned int flags);
1974 extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_clusters(struct super_block *);
1975 extern void ext4_check_blocks_bitmap(struct super_block *);
1976 extern struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block * sb,
1977                                                     ext4_group_t block_group,
1978                                                     struct buffer_head ** bh);
1979 extern int ext4_should_retry_alloc(struct super_block *sb, int *retries);
1980 
1981 extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap_nowait(struct super_block *sb,
1982                                                 ext4_group_t block_group);
1983 extern int ext4_wait_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
1984                                   ext4_group_t block_group,
1985                                   struct buffer_head *bh);
1986 extern struct buffer_head *ext4_read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
1987                                                   ext4_group_t block_group);
1988 extern unsigned ext4_free_clusters_after_init(struct super_block *sb,
1989                                               ext4_group_t block_group,
1990                                               struct ext4_group_desc *gdp);
1991 ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_to_goal_block(struct inode *);
1992 
1993 /* dir.c */
1994 extern int __ext4_check_dir_entry(const char *, unsigned int, struct inode *,
1995                                   struct file *,
1996                                   struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *,
1997                                   struct buffer_head *, char *, int,
1998                                   unsigned int);
1999 #define ext4_check_dir_entry(dir, filp, de, bh, buf, size, offset)      \
2000         unlikely(__ext4_check_dir_entry(__func__, __LINE__, (dir), (filp), \
2001                                         (de), (bh), (buf), (size), (offset)))
2002 extern int ext4_htree_store_dirent(struct file *dir_file, __u32 hash,
2003                                     __u32 minor_hash,
2004                                     struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *dirent);
2005 extern void ext4_htree_free_dir_info(struct dir_private_info *p);
2006 extern int ext4_find_dest_de(struct inode *dir, struct inode *inode,
2007                              struct buffer_head *bh,
2008                              void *buf, int buf_size,
2009                              const char *name, int namelen,
2010                              struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **dest_de);
2011 void ext4_insert_dentry(struct inode *inode,
2012                         struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de,
2013                         int buf_size,
2014                         const char *name, int namelen);
2015 static inline void ext4_update_dx_flag(struct inode *inode)
2016 {
2017         if (!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(inode->i_sb,
2018                                      EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_DIR_INDEX))
2019                 ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INDEX);
2020 }
2021 static unsigned char ext4_filetype_table[] = {
2022         DT_UNKNOWN, DT_REG, DT_DIR, DT_CHR, DT_BLK, DT_FIFO, DT_SOCK, DT_LNK
2023 };
2024 
2025 static inline  unsigned char get_dtype(struct super_block *sb, int filetype)
2026 {
2027         if (!EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE) ||
2028             (filetype >= EXT4_FT_MAX))
2029                 return DT_UNKNOWN;
2030 
2031         return ext4_filetype_table[filetype];
2032 }
2033 extern int ext4_check_all_de(struct inode *dir, struct buffer_head *bh,
2034                              void *buf, int buf_size);
2035 
2036 /* fsync.c */
2037 extern int ext4_sync_file(struct file *, loff_t, loff_t, int);
2038 
2039 /* hash.c */
2040 extern int ext4fs_dirhash(const char *name, int len, struct
2041                           dx_hash_info *hinfo);
2042 
2043 /* ialloc.c */
2044 extern struct inode *__ext4_new_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *, umode_t,
2045                                       const struct qstr *qstr, __u32 goal,
2046                                       uid_t *owner, int handle_type,
2047                                       unsigned int line_no, int nblocks);
2048 
2049 #define ext4_new_inode(handle, dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner) \
2050         __ext4_new_inode((handle), (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \
2051                          0, 0, 0)
2052 #define ext4_new_inode_start_handle(dir, mode, qstr, goal, owner, \
2053                                     type, nblocks)                  \
2054         __ext4_new_inode(NULL, (dir), (mode), (qstr), (goal), (owner), \
2055                          (type), __LINE__, (nblocks))
2056 
2057 
2058 extern void ext4_free_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *);
2059 extern struct inode * ext4_orphan_get(struct super_block *, unsigned long);
2060 extern unsigned long ext4_count_free_inodes(struct super_block *);
2061 extern unsigned long ext4_count_dirs(struct super_block *);
2062 extern void ext4_check_inodes_bitmap(struct super_block *);
2063 extern void ext4_mark_bitmap_end(int start_bit, int end_bit, char *bitmap);
2064 extern int ext4_init_inode_table(struct super_block *sb,
2065                                  ext4_group_t group, int barrier);
2066 extern void ext4_end_bitmap_read(struct buffer_head *bh, int uptodate);
2067 
2068 /* mballoc.c */
2069 extern long ext4_mb_stats;
2070 extern long ext4_mb_max_to_scan;
2071 extern int ext4_mb_init(struct super_block *);
2072 extern int ext4_mb_release(struct super_block *);
2073 extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle_t *,
2074                                 struct ext4_allocation_request *, int *);
2075 extern int ext4_mb_reserve_blocks(struct super_block *, int);
2076 extern void ext4_discard_preallocations(struct inode *);
2077 extern int __init ext4_init_mballoc(void);
2078 extern void ext4_exit_mballoc(void);
2079 extern void ext4_free_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2080                              struct buffer_head *bh, ext4_fsblk_t block,
2081                              unsigned long count, int flags);
2082 extern int ext4_mb_alloc_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb,
2083                                    ext4_group_t ngroups);
2084 extern int ext4_mb_add_groupinfo(struct super_block *sb,
2085                 ext4_group_t i, struct ext4_group_desc *desc);
2086 extern int ext4_group_add_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
2087                                 ext4_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count);
2088 extern int ext4_trim_fs(struct super_block *, struct fstrim_range *);
2089 
2090 /* inode.c */
2091 struct buffer_head *ext4_getblk(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int);
2092 struct buffer_head *ext4_bread(handle_t *, struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t, int);
2093 int ext4_get_block_write(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
2094                          struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
2095 int ext4_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
2096                                 struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
2097 int ext4_da_get_block_prep(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
2098                            struct buffer_head *bh, int create);
2099 int ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle_t *handle,
2100                            struct buffer_head *head,
2101                            unsigned from,
2102                            unsigned to,
2103                            int *partial,
2104                            int (*fn)(handle_t *handle,
2105                                      struct buffer_head *bh));
2106 int do_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle,
2107                                 struct buffer_head *bh);
2108 #define FALL_BACK_TO_NONDELALLOC 1
2109 #define CONVERT_INLINE_DATA      2
2110 
2111 extern struct inode *ext4_iget(struct super_block *, unsigned long);
2112 extern struct inode *ext4_iget_normal(struct super_block *, unsigned long);
2113 extern int  ext4_write_inode(struct inode *, struct writeback_control *);
2114 extern int  ext4_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *);
2115 extern int  ext4_getattr(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry,
2116                                 struct kstat *stat);
2117 extern void ext4_evict_inode(struct inode *);
2118 extern void ext4_clear_inode(struct inode *);
2119 extern int  ext4_sync_inode(handle_t *, struct inode *);
2120 extern void ext4_dirty_inode(struct inode *, int);
2121 extern int ext4_change_inode_journal_flag(struct inode *, int);
2122 extern int ext4_get_inode_loc(struct inode *, struct ext4_iloc *);
2123 extern int ext4_inode_attach_jinode(struct inode *inode);
2124 extern int ext4_can_truncate(struct inode *inode);
2125 extern void ext4_truncate(struct inode *);
2126 extern int ext4_punch_hole(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t length);
2127 extern int ext4_truncate_restart_trans(handle_t *, struct inode *, int nblocks);
2128 extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *);
2129 extern void ext4_get_inode_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *);
2130 extern int ext4_alloc_da_blocks(struct inode *inode);
2131 extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode);
2132 extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *);
2133 extern int ext4_chunk_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int nrblocks);
2134 extern int ext4_zero_partial_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2135                              loff_t lstart, loff_t lend);
2136 extern int ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf);
2137 extern qsize_t *ext4_get_reserved_space(struct inode *inode);
2138 extern void ext4_da_update_reserve_space(struct inode *inode,
2139                                         int used, int quota_claim);
2140 
2141 /* indirect.c */
2142 extern int ext4_ind_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2143                                 struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags);
2144 extern ssize_t ext4_ind_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
2145                                 struct iov_iter *iter, loff_t offset);
2146 extern int ext4_ind_calc_metadata_amount(struct inode *inode, sector_t lblock);
2147 extern int ext4_ind_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int nrblocks);
2148 extern void ext4_ind_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *inode);
2149 extern int ext4_ind_remove_space(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2150                                  ext4_lblk_t start, ext4_lblk_t end);
2151 
2152 /* ioctl.c */
2153 extern long ext4_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
2154 extern long ext4_compat_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
2155 
2156 /* migrate.c */
2157 extern int ext4_ext_migrate(struct inode *);
2158 extern int ext4_ind_migrate(struct inode *inode);
2159 
2160 /* namei.c */
2161 extern int ext4_dirent_csum_verify(struct inode *inode,
2162                                    struct ext4_dir_entry *dirent);
2163 extern int ext4_orphan_add(handle_t *, struct inode *);
2164 extern int ext4_orphan_del(handle_t *, struct inode *);
2165 extern int ext4_htree_fill_tree(struct file *dir_file, __u32 start_hash,
2166                                 __u32 start_minor_hash, __u32 *next_hash);
2167 extern int search_dir(struct buffer_head *bh,
2168                       char *search_buf,
2169                       int buf_size,
2170                       struct inode *dir,
2171                       const struct qstr *d_name,
2172                       unsigned int offset,
2173                       struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir);
2174 extern int ext4_generic_delete_entry(handle_t *handle,
2175                                      struct inode *dir,
2176                                      struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del,
2177                                      struct buffer_head *bh,
2178                                      void *entry_buf,
2179                                      int buf_size,
2180                                      int csum_size);
2181 
2182 /* resize.c */
2183 extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb,
2184                                 struct ext4_new_group_data *input);
2185 extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb,
2186                                 struct ext4_super_block *es,
2187                                 ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count);
2188 extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count);
2189 
2190 /* super.c */
2191 extern int ext4_calculate_overhead(struct super_block *sb);
2192 extern void ext4_superblock_csum_set(struct super_block *sb);
2193 extern void *ext4_kvmalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags);
2194 extern void *ext4_kvzalloc(size_t size, gfp_t flags);
2195 extern void ext4_kvfree(void *ptr);
2196 extern int ext4_alloc_flex_bg_array(struct super_block *sb,
2197                                     ext4_group_t ngroup);
2198 extern const char *ext4_decode_error(struct super_block *sb, int errno,
2199                                      char nbuf[16]);
2200 
2201 extern __printf(4, 5)
2202 void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int,
2203                   const char *, ...);
2204 extern __printf(5, 6)
2205 void __ext4_error_inode(struct inode *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t,
2206                       const char *, ...);
2207 extern __printf(5, 6)
2208 void __ext4_error_file(struct file *, const char *, unsigned int, ext4_fsblk_t,
2209                      const char *, ...);
2210 extern void __ext4_std_error(struct super_block *, const char *,
2211                              unsigned int, int);
2212 extern __printf(4, 5)
2213 void __ext4_abort(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int,
2214                   const char *, ...);
2215 extern __printf(4, 5)
2216 void __ext4_warning(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int,
2217                     const char *, ...);
2218 extern __printf(3, 4)
2219 void __ext4_msg(struct super_block *, const char *, const char *, ...);
2220 extern void __dump_mmp_msg(struct super_block *, struct mmp_struct *mmp,
2221                            const char *, unsigned int, const char *);
2222 extern __printf(7, 8)
2223 void __ext4_grp_locked_error(const char *, unsigned int,
2224                              struct super_block *, ext4_group_t,
2225                              unsigned long, ext4_fsblk_t,
2226                              const char *, ...);
2227 
2228 #ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK
2229 
2230 #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...)            \
2231         __ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2232 #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...)              \
2233         __ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2234 #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...)                                        \
2235         __ext4_error(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2236 #define ext4_abort(sb, fmt, ...)                                        \
2237         __ext4_abort(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2238 #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...)                                      \
2239         __ext4_warning(sb, __func__, __LINE__, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2240 #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...)                           \
2241         __ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2242 #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg)                                      \
2243         __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, __func__, __LINE__, msg)
2244 #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...)            \
2245         __ext4_grp_locked_error(__func__, __LINE__, sb, grp, ino, block, \
2246                                 fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
2247 
2248 #else
2249 
2250 #define ext4_error_inode(inode, func, line, block, fmt, ...)            \
2251 do {                                                                    \
2252         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                                  \
2253         __ext4_error_inode(inode, "", 0, block, " ");                   \
2254 } while (0)
2255 #define ext4_error_file(file, func, line, block, fmt, ...)              \
2256 do {                                                                    \
2257         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                                  \
2258         __ext4_error_file(file, "", 0, block, " ");                     \
2259 } while (0)
2260 #define ext4_error(sb, fmt, ...)                                        \
2261 do {                                                                    \
2262         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                                  \
2263         __ext4_error(sb, "", 0, " ");                                   \
2264 } while (0)
2265 #define ext4_abort(sb, fmt, ...)                                        \
2266 do {                                                                    \
2267         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                                  \
2268         __ext4_abort(sb, "", 0, " ");                                   \
2269 } while (0)
2270 #define ext4_warning(sb, fmt, ...)                                      \
2271 do {                                                                    \
2272         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                                  \
2273         __ext4_warning(sb, "", 0, " ");                                 \
2274 } while (0)
2275 #define ext4_msg(sb, level, fmt, ...)                                   \
2276 do {                                                                    \
2277         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                                  \
2278         __ext4_msg(sb, "", " ");                                        \
2279 } while (0)
2280 #define dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, msg)                                      \
2281         __dump_mmp_msg(sb, mmp, "", 0, "")
2282 #define ext4_grp_locked_error(sb, grp, ino, block, fmt, ...)            \
2283 do {                                                                    \
2284         no_printk(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);                          \
2285         __ext4_grp_locked_error("", 0, sb, grp, ino, block, " ");       \
2286 } while (0)
2287 
2288 #endif
2289 
2290 extern void ext4_update_dynamic_rev(struct super_block *sb);
2291 extern int ext4_update_compat_feature(handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
2292                                         __u32 compat);
2293 extern int ext4_update_rocompat_feature(handle_t *handle,
2294                                         struct super_block *sb, __u32 rocompat);
2295 extern int ext4_update_incompat_feature(handle_t *handle,
2296                                         struct super_block *sb, __u32 incompat);
2297 extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
2298                                       struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2299 extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_bitmap(struct super_block *sb,
2300                                       struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2301 extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_inode_table(struct super_block *sb,
2302                                      struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2303 extern __u32 ext4_free_group_clusters(struct super_block *sb,
2304                                       struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2305 extern __u32 ext4_free_inodes_count(struct super_block *sb,
2306                                  struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2307 extern __u32 ext4_used_dirs_count(struct super_block *sb,
2308                                 struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2309 extern __u32 ext4_itable_unused_count(struct super_block *sb,
2310                                    struct ext4_group_desc *bg);
2311 extern void ext4_block_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb,
2312                                   struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk);
2313 extern void ext4_inode_bitmap_set(struct super_block *sb,
2314                                   struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk);
2315 extern void ext4_inode_table_set(struct super_block *sb,
2316                                  struct ext4_group_desc *bg, ext4_fsblk_t blk);
2317 extern void ext4_free_group_clusters_set(struct super_block *sb,
2318                                          struct ext4_group_desc *bg,
2319                                          __u32 count);
2320 extern void ext4_free_inodes_set(struct super_block *sb,
2321                                 struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count);
2322 extern void ext4_used_dirs_set(struct super_block *sb,
2323                                 struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count);
2324 extern void ext4_itable_unused_set(struct super_block *sb,
2325                                    struct ext4_group_desc *bg, __u32 count);
2326 extern int ext4_group_desc_csum_verify(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group,
2327                                        struct ext4_group_desc *gdp);
2328 extern void ext4_group_desc_csum_set(struct super_block *sb, __u32 group,
2329                                      struct ext4_group_desc *gdp);
2330 extern int ext4_register_li_request(struct super_block *sb,
2331                                     ext4_group_t first_not_zeroed);
2332 
2333 static inline int ext4_has_group_desc_csum(struct super_block *sb)
2334 {
2335         return EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
2336                                           EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM) ||
2337                (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL);
2338 }
2339 
2340 static inline int ext4_has_metadata_csum(struct super_block *sb)
2341 {
2342         WARN_ON_ONCE(EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
2343                         EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_METADATA_CSUM) &&
2344                      !EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver);
2345 
2346         return (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_chksum_driver != NULL);
2347 }
2348 static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es)
2349 {
2350         return ((ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count_hi) << 32) |
2351                 le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count_lo);
2352 }
2353 
2354 static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_r_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es)
2355 {
2356         return ((ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->s_r_blocks_count_hi) << 32) |
2357                 le32_to_cpu(es->s_r_blocks_count_lo);
2358 }
2359 
2360 static inline ext4_fsblk_t ext4_free_blocks_count(struct ext4_super_block *es)
2361 {
2362         return ((ext4_fsblk_t)le32_to_cpu(es->s_free_blocks_count_hi) << 32) |
2363                 le32_to_cpu(es->s_free_blocks_count_lo);
2364 }
2365 
2366 static inline void ext4_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es,
2367                                          ext4_fsblk_t blk)
2368 {
2369         es->s_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk);
2370         es->s_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32);
2371 }
2372 
2373 static inline void ext4_free_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es,
2374                                               ext4_fsblk_t blk)
2375 {
2376         es->s_free_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk);
2377         es->s_free_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32);
2378 }
2379 
2380 static inline void ext4_r_blocks_count_set(struct ext4_super_block *es,
2381                                            ext4_fsblk_t blk)
2382 {
2383         es->s_r_blocks_count_lo = cpu_to_le32((u32)blk);
2384         es->s_r_blocks_count_hi = cpu_to_le32(blk >> 32);
2385 }
2386 
2387 static inline loff_t ext4_isize(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode)
2388 {
2389         if (S_ISREG(le16_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_mode)))
2390                 return ((loff_t)le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_high) << 32) |
2391                         le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo);
2392         else
2393                 return (loff_t) le32_to_cpu(raw_inode->i_size_lo);
2394 }
2395 
2396 static inline void ext4_isize_set(struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, loff_t i_size)
2397 {
2398         raw_inode->i_size_lo = cpu_to_le32(i_size);
2399         raw_inode->i_size_high = cpu_to_le32(i_size >> 32);
2400 }
2401 
2402 static inline
2403 struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb,
2404                                             ext4_group_t group)
2405 {
2406          struct ext4_group_info ***grp_info;
2407          long indexv, indexh;
2408          BUG_ON(group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count);
2409          grp_info = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_info;
2410          indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb));
2411          indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1);
2412          return grp_info[indexv][indexh];
2413 }
2414 
2415 /*
2416  * Reading s_groups_count requires using smp_rmb() afterwards.  See
2417  * the locking protocol documented in the comments of ext4_group_add()
2418  * in resize.c
2419  */
2420 static inline ext4_group_t ext4_get_groups_count(struct super_block *sb)
2421 {
2422         ext4_group_t    ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
2423 
2424         smp_rmb();
2425         return ngroups;
2426 }
2427 
2428 static inline ext4_group_t ext4_flex_group(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2429                                              ext4_group_t block_group)
2430 {
2431         return block_group >> sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
2432 }
2433 
2434 static inline unsigned int ext4_flex_bg_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
2435 {
2436         return 1 << sbi->s_log_groups_per_flex;
2437 }
2438 
2439 #define ext4_std_error(sb, errno)                               \
2440 do {                                                            \
2441         if ((errno))                                            \
2442                 __ext4_std_error((sb), __func__, __LINE__, (errno));    \
2443 } while (0)
2444 
2445 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
2446 /* Each CPU can accumulate percpu_counter_batch clusters in their local
2447  * counters. So we need to make sure we have free clusters more
2448  * than percpu_counter_batch  * nr_cpu_ids. Also add a window of 4 times.
2449  */
2450 #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK (4 * (percpu_counter_batch * nr_cpu_ids))
2451 #else
2452 #define EXT4_FREECLUSTERS_WATERMARK 0
2453 #endif
2454 
2455 /* Update i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */
2456 static inline void ext4_update_i_disksize(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize)
2457 {
2458         WARN_ON_ONCE(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) &&
2459                      !mutex_is_locked(&inode->i_mutex));
2460         down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
2461         if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)
2462                 EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = newsize;
2463         up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
2464 }
2465 
2466 /* Update i_size, i_disksize. Requires i_mutex to avoid races with truncate */
2467 static inline int ext4_update_inode_size(struct inode *inode, loff_t newsize)
2468 {
2469         int changed = 0;
2470 
2471         if (newsize > inode->i_size) {
2472                 i_size_write(inode, newsize);
2473                 changed = 1;
2474         }
2475         if (newsize > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize) {
2476                 ext4_update_i_disksize(inode, newsize);
2477                 changed |= 2;
2478         }
2479         return changed;
2480 }
2481 
2482 struct ext4_group_info {
2483         unsigned long   bb_state;
2484         struct rb_root  bb_free_root;
2485         ext4_grpblk_t   bb_first_free;  /* first free block */
2486         ext4_grpblk_t   bb_free;        /* total free blocks */
2487         ext4_grpblk_t   bb_fragments;   /* nr of freespace fragments */
2488         ext4_grpblk_t   bb_largest_free_order;/* order of largest frag in BG */
2489         struct          list_head bb_prealloc_list;
2490 #ifdef DOUBLE_CHECK
2491         void            *bb_bitmap;
2492 #endif
2493         struct rw_semaphore alloc_sem;
2494         ext4_grpblk_t   bb_counters[];  /* Nr of free power-of-two-block
2495                                          * regions, index is order.
2496                                          * bb_counters[3] = 5 means
2497                                          * 5 free 8-block regions. */
2498 };
2499 
2500 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT           0
2501 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT         1
2502 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT     2
2503 #define EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT     3
2504 
2505 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_NEED_INIT(grp)      \
2506         (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_NEED_INIT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
2507 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_BBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp)        \
2508         (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_BBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
2509 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_IBITMAP_CORRUPT(grp)        \
2510         (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_IBITMAP_CORRUPT_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
2511 
2512 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_WAS_TRIMMED(grp)    \
2513         (test_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
2514 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_SET_TRIMMED(grp)    \
2515         (set_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
2516 #define EXT4_MB_GRP_CLEAR_TRIMMED(grp)  \
2517         (clear_bit(EXT4_GROUP_INFO_WAS_TRIMMED_BIT, &((grp)->bb_state)))
2518 
2519 #define EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION             8
2520 #define EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD       2
2521 
2522 static inline spinlock_t *ext4_group_lock_ptr(struct super_block *sb,
2523                                               ext4_group_t group)
2524 {
2525         return bgl_lock_ptr(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_blockgroup_lock, group);
2526 }
2527 
2528 /*
2529  * Returns true if the filesystem is busy enough that attempts to
2530  * access the block group locks has run into contention.
2531  */
2532 static inline int ext4_fs_is_busy(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
2533 {
2534         return (atomic_read(&sbi->s_lock_busy) > EXT4_CONTENTION_THRESHOLD);
2535 }
2536 
2537 static inline void ext4_lock_group(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group)
2538 {
2539         spinlock_t *lock = ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group);
2540         if (spin_trylock(lock))
2541                 /*
2542                  * We're able to grab the lock right away, so drop the
2543                  * lock contention counter.
2544                  */
2545                 atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, -1, 0);
2546         else {
2547                 /*
2548                  * The lock is busy, so bump the contention counter,
2549                  * and then wait on the spin lock.
2550                  */
2551                 atomic_add_unless(&EXT4_SB(sb)->s_lock_busy, 1,
2552                                   EXT4_MAX_CONTENTION);
2553                 spin_lock(lock);
2554         }
2555 }
2556 
2557 static inline void ext4_unlock_group(struct super_block *sb,
2558                                         ext4_group_t group)
2559 {
2560         spin_unlock(ext4_group_lock_ptr(sb, group));
2561 }
2562 
2563 /*
2564  * Block validity checking
2565  */
2566 #define ext4_check_indirect_blockref(inode, bh)                         \
2567         ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode,                  \
2568                             (__le32 *)(bh)->b_data,                     \
2569                             EXT4_ADDR_PER_BLOCK((inode)->i_sb))
2570 
2571 #define ext4_ind_check_inode(inode)                                     \
2572         ext4_check_blockref(__func__, __LINE__, inode,                  \
2573                             EXT4_I(inode)->i_data,                      \
2574                             EXT4_NDIR_BLOCKS)
2575 
2576 /*
2577  * Inodes and files operations
2578  */
2579 
2580 /* dir.c */
2581 extern const struct file_operations ext4_dir_operations;
2582 
2583 /* file.c */
2584 extern const struct inode_operations ext4_file_inode_operations;
2585 extern const struct file_operations ext4_file_operations;
2586 extern loff_t ext4_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin);
2587 
2588 /* inline.c */
2589 extern int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode);
2590 extern int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode);
2591 extern int ext4_init_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2592                                  unsigned int len);
2593 extern int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode);
2594 
2595 extern int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page);
2596 extern int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping,
2597                                          struct inode *inode,
2598                                          loff_t pos, unsigned len,
2599                                          unsigned flags,
2600                                          struct page **pagep);
2601 extern int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode,
2602                                       loff_t pos, unsigned len,
2603                                       unsigned copied,
2604                                       struct page *page);
2605 extern struct buffer_head *
2606 ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode,
2607                                   unsigned len,
2608                                   struct page *page);
2609 extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping,
2610                                            struct inode *inode,
2611                                            loff_t pos, unsigned len,
2612                                            unsigned flags,
2613                                            struct page **pagep,
2614                                            void **fsdata);
2615 extern int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos,
2616                                          unsigned len, unsigned copied,
2617                                          struct page *page);
2618 extern int ext4_try_add_inline_entry(handle_t *handle, struct dentry *dentry,
2619                                      struct inode *inode);
2620 extern int ext4_try_create_inline_dir(handle_t *handle,
2621                                       struct inode *parent,
2622                                       struct inode *inode);
2623 extern int ext4_read_inline_dir(struct file *filp,
2624                                 struct dir_context *ctx,
2625                                 int *has_inline_data);
2626 extern int htree_inlinedir_to_tree(struct file *dir_file,
2627                                    struct inode *dir, ext4_lblk_t block,
2628                                    struct dx_hash_info *hinfo,
2629                                    __u32 start_hash, __u32 start_minor_hash,
2630                                    int *has_inline_data);
2631 extern struct buffer_head *ext4_find_inline_entry(struct inode *dir,
2632                                         const struct qstr *d_name,
2633                                         struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **res_dir,
2634                                         int *has_inline_data);
2635 extern int ext4_delete_inline_entry(handle_t *handle,
2636                                     struct inode *dir,
2637                                     struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de_del,
2638                                     struct buffer_head *bh,
2639                                     int *has_inline_data);
2640 extern int empty_inline_dir(struct inode *dir, int *has_inline_data);
2641 extern struct buffer_head *ext4_get_first_inline_block(struct inode *inode,
2642                                         struct ext4_dir_entry_2 **parent_de,
2643                                         int *retval);
2644 extern int ext4_inline_data_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
2645                                    struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
2646                                    int *has_inline);
2647 extern int ext4_try_to_evict_inline_data(handle_t *handle,
2648                                          struct inode *inode,
2649                                          int needed);
2650 extern void ext4_inline_data_truncate(struct inode *inode, int *has_inline);
2651 
2652 extern int ext4_convert_inline_data(struct inode *inode);
2653 
2654 static inline int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode)
2655 {
2656         return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) &&
2657                EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off;
2658 }
2659 
2660 /* namei.c */
2661 extern const struct inode_operations ext4_dir_inode_operations;
2662 extern const struct inode_operations ext4_special_inode_operations;
2663 extern struct dentry *ext4_get_parent(struct dentry *child);
2664 extern struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *ext4_init_dot_dotdot(struct inode *inode,
2665                                  struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de,
2666                                  int blocksize, int csum_size,
2667                                  unsigned int parent_ino, int dotdot_real_len);
2668 extern void initialize_dirent_tail(struct ext4_dir_entry_tail *t,
2669                                    unsigned int blocksize);
2670 extern int ext4_handle_dirty_dirent_node(handle_t *handle,
2671                                          struct inode *inode,
2672                                          struct buffer_head *bh);
2673 #define S_SHIFT 12
2674 static unsigned char ext4_type_by_mode[S_IFMT >> S_SHIFT] = {
2675         [S_IFREG >> S_SHIFT]    = EXT4_FT_REG_FILE,
2676         [S_IFDIR >> S_SHIFT]    = EXT4_FT_DIR,
2677         [S_IFCHR >> S_SHIFT]    = EXT4_FT_CHRDEV,
2678         [S_IFBLK >> S_SHIFT]    = EXT4_FT_BLKDEV,
2679         [S_IFIFO >> S_SHIFT]    = EXT4_FT_FIFO,
2680         [S_IFSOCK >> S_SHIFT]   = EXT4_FT_SOCK,
2681         [S_IFLNK >> S_SHIFT]    = EXT4_FT_SYMLINK,
2682 };
2683 
2684 static inline void ext4_set_de_type(struct super_block *sb,
2685                                 struct ext4_dir_entry_2 *de,
2686                                 umode_t mode) {
2687         if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FILETYPE))
2688                 de->file_type = ext4_type_by_mode[(mode & S_IFMT)>>S_SHIFT];
2689 }
2690 
2691 
2692 /* symlink.c */
2693 extern const struct inode_operations ext4_symlink_inode_operations;
2694 extern const struct inode_operations ext4_fast_symlink_inode_operations;
2695 
2696 /* block_validity */
2697 extern void ext4_release_system_zone(struct super_block *sb);
2698 extern int ext4_setup_system_zone(struct super_block *sb);
2699 extern int __init ext4_init_system_zone(void);
2700 extern void ext4_exit_system_zone(void);
2701 extern int ext4_data_block_valid(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi,
2702                                  ext4_fsblk_t start_blk,
2703                                  unsigned int count);
2704 extern int ext4_check_blockref(const char *, unsigned int,
2705                                struct inode *, __le32 *, unsigned int);
2706 
2707 /* extents.c */
2708 struct ext4_ext_path;
2709 struct ext4_extent;
2710 
2711 /*
2712  * Maximum number of logical blocks in a file; ext4_extent's ee_block is
2713  * __le32.
2714  */
2715 #define EXT_MAX_BLOCKS  0xffffffff
2716 
2717 extern int ext4_ext_tree_init(handle_t *handle, struct inode *);
2718 extern int ext4_ext_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *, int);
2719 extern int ext4_ext_index_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode, int extents);
2720 extern int ext4_ext_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2721                                struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags);
2722 extern void ext4_ext_truncate(handle_t *, struct inode *);
2723 extern int ext4_ext_remove_space(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t start,
2724                                  ext4_lblk_t end);
2725 extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *);
2726 extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *);
2727 extern long ext4_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
2728                           loff_t len);
2729 extern int ext4_convert_unwritten_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2730                                           loff_t offset, ssize_t len);
2731 extern int ext4_map_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
2732                            struct ext4_map_blocks *map, int flags);
2733 extern int ext4_ext_calc_metadata_amount(struct inode *inode,
2734                                          ext4_lblk_t lblocks);
2735 extern int ext4_extent_tree_init(handle_t *, struct inode *);
2736 extern int ext4_ext_calc_credits_for_single_extent(struct inode *inode,
2737                                                    int num,
2738                                                    struct ext4_ext_path *path);
2739 extern int ext4_can_extents_be_merged(struct inode *inode,
2740                                       struct ext4_extent *ex1,
2741                                       struct ext4_extent *ex2);
2742 extern int ext4_ext_insert_extent(handle_t *, struct inode *,
2743                                   struct ext4_ext_path **,
2744                                   struct ext4_extent *, int);
2745 extern struct ext4_ext_path *ext4_find_extent(struct inode *, ext4_lblk_t,
2746                                               struct ext4_ext_path **,
2747                                               int flags);
2748 extern void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *);
2749 extern int ext4_ext_check_inode(struct inode *inode);
2750 extern int ext4_find_delalloc_range(struct inode *inode,
2751                                     ext4_lblk_t lblk_start,
2752                                     ext4_lblk_t lblk_end);
2753 extern int ext4_find_delalloc_cluster(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t lblk);
2754 extern ext4_lblk_t ext4_ext_next_allocated_block(struct ext4_ext_path *path);
2755 extern int ext4_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
2756                         __u64 start, __u64 len);
2757 extern int ext4_ext_precache(struct inode *inode);
2758 extern int ext4_collapse_range(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, loff_t len);
2759 extern int ext4_swap_extents(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode1,
2760                                 struct inode *inode2, ext4_lblk_t lblk1,
2761                              ext4_lblk_t lblk2,  ext4_lblk_t count,
2762                              int mark_unwritten,int *err);
2763 
2764 /* move_extent.c */
2765 extern void ext4_double_down_write_data_sem(struct inode *first,
2766                                             struct inode *second);
2767 extern void ext4_double_up_write_data_sem(struct inode *orig_inode,
2768                                           struct inode *donor_inode);
2769 extern int ext4_move_extents(struct file *o_filp, struct file *d_filp,
2770                              __u64 start_orig, __u64 start_donor,
2771                              __u64 len, __u64 *moved_len);
2772 
2773 /* page-io.c */
2774 extern int __init ext4_init_pageio(void);
2775 extern void ext4_exit_pageio(void);
2776 extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_init_io_end(struct inode *inode, gfp_t flags);
2777 extern ext4_io_end_t *ext4_get_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end);
2778 extern int ext4_put_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io_end);
2779 extern void ext4_put_io_end_defer(ext4_io_end_t *io_end);
2780 extern void ext4_io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
2781                                 struct writeback_control *wbc);
2782 extern void ext4_end_io_rsv_work(struct work_struct *work);
2783 extern void ext4_io_submit(struct ext4_io_submit *io);
2784 extern int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
2785                                struct page *page,
2786                                int len,
2787                                struct writeback_control *wbc,
2788                                bool keep_towrite);
2789 
2790 /* mmp.c */
2791 extern int ext4_multi_mount_protect(struct super_block *, ext4_fsblk_t);
2792 
2793 /*
2794  * Note that these flags will never ever appear in a buffer_head's state flag.
2795  * See EXT4_MAP_... to see where this is used.
2796  */
2797 enum ext4_state_bits {
2798         BH_AllocFromCluster     /* allocated blocks were part of already
2799                                  * allocated cluster. */
2800         = BH_JBDPrivateStart
2801 };
2802 
2803 /*
2804  * Add new method to test whether block and inode bitmaps are properly
2805  * initialized. With uninit_bg reading the block from disk is not enough
2806  * to mark the bitmap uptodate. We need to also zero-out the bitmap
2807  */
2808 #define BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE BH_JBDPrivateStart
2809 
2810 static inline int bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh)
2811 {
2812         return (buffer_uptodate(bh) &&
2813                         test_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state));
2814 }
2815 static inline void set_bitmap_uptodate(struct buffer_head *bh)
2816 {
2817         set_bit(BH_BITMAP_UPTODATE, &(bh)->b_state);
2818 }
2819 
2820 /*
2821  * Disable DIO read nolock optimization, so new dioreaders will be forced
2822  * to grab i_mutex
2823  */
2824 static inline void ext4_inode_block_unlocked_dio(struct inode *inode)
2825 {
2826         ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DIOREAD_LOCK);
2827         smp_mb();
2828 }
2829 static inline void ext4_inode_resume_unlocked_dio(struct inode *inode)
2830 {
2831         smp_mb();
2832         ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_DIOREAD_LOCK);
2833 }
2834 
2835 #define in_range(b, first, len) ((b) >= (first) && (b) <= (first) + (len) - 1)
2836 
2837 /* For ioend & aio unwritten conversion wait queues */
2838 #define EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ         37
2839 #define ext4_ioend_wq(v)   (&ext4__ioend_wq[((unsigned long)(v)) %\
2840                                             EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ])
2841 #define ext4_aio_mutex(v)  (&ext4__aio_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) %\
2842                                              EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ])
2843 extern wait_queue_head_t ext4__ioend_wq[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ];
2844 extern struct mutex ext4__aio_mutex[EXT4_WQ_HASH_SZ];
2845 
2846 #define EXT4_RESIZING   0
2847 extern int ext4_resize_begin(struct super_block *sb);
2848 extern void ext4_resize_end(struct super_block *sb);
2849 
2850 #endif  /* __KERNEL__ */
2851 
2852 #endif  /* _EXT4_H */
2853 

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