Version:  2.0.40 2.2.26 2.4.37 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6

Linux/drivers/usb/storage/usb.c

  1 /* Driver for USB Mass Storage compliant devices
  2  *
  3  * Current development and maintenance by:
  4  *   (c) 1999-2003 Matthew Dharm (mdharm-usb@one-eyed-alien.net)
  5  *
  6  * Developed with the assistance of:
  7  *   (c) 2000 David L. Brown, Jr. (usb-storage@davidb.org)
  8  *   (c) 2003-2009 Alan Stern (stern@rowland.harvard.edu)
  9  *
 10  * Initial work by:
 11  *   (c) 1999 Michael Gee (michael@linuxspecific.com)
 12  *
 13  * usb_device_id support by Adam J. Richter (adam@yggdrasil.com):
 14  *   (c) 2000 Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.
 15  *
 16  * This driver is based on the 'USB Mass Storage Class' document. This
 17  * describes in detail the protocol used to communicate with such
 18  * devices.  Clearly, the designers had SCSI and ATAPI commands in
 19  * mind when they created this document.  The commands are all very
 20  * similar to commands in the SCSI-II and ATAPI specifications.
 21  *
 22  * It is important to note that in a number of cases this class
 23  * exhibits class-specific exemptions from the USB specification.
 24  * Notably the usage of NAK, STALL and ACK differs from the norm, in
 25  * that they are used to communicate wait, failed and OK on commands.
 26  *
 27  * Also, for certain devices, the interrupt endpoint is used to convey
 28  * status of a command.
 29  *
 30  * Please see http://www.one-eyed-alien.net/~mdharm/linux-usb for more
 31  * information about this driver.
 32  *
 33  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 34  * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
 35  * Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
 36  * later version.
 37  *
 38  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 39  * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 40  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 41  * General Public License for more details.
 42  *
 43  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 44  * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 45  * 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 46  */
 47 
 48 #ifdef CONFIG_USB_STORAGE_DEBUG
 49 #define DEBUG
 50 #endif
 51 
 52 #include <linux/sched.h>
 53 #include <linux/errno.h>
 54 #include <linux/freezer.h>
 55 #include <linux/module.h>
 56 #include <linux/slab.h>
 57 #include <linux/kthread.h>
 58 #include <linux/mutex.h>
 59 #include <linux/utsname.h>
 60 
 61 #include <scsi/scsi.h>
 62 #include <scsi/scsi_cmnd.h>
 63 #include <scsi/scsi_device.h>
 64 
 65 #include "usb.h"
 66 #include "scsiglue.h"
 67 #include "transport.h"
 68 #include "protocol.h"
 69 #include "debug.h"
 70 #include "initializers.h"
 71 
 72 #include "sierra_ms.h"
 73 #include "option_ms.h"
 74 
 75 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USB_UAS)
 76 #include "uas-detect.h"
 77 #endif
 78 
 79 #define DRV_NAME "usb-storage"
 80 
 81 /* Some informational data */
 82 MODULE_AUTHOR("Matthew Dharm <mdharm-usb@one-eyed-alien.net>");
 83 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Mass Storage driver for Linux");
 84 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 85 
 86 static unsigned int delay_use = 1;
 87 module_param(delay_use, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
 88 MODULE_PARM_DESC(delay_use, "seconds to delay before using a new device");
 89 
 90 static char quirks[128];
 91 module_param_string(quirks, quirks, sizeof(quirks), S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
 92 MODULE_PARM_DESC(quirks, "supplemental list of device IDs and their quirks");
 93 
 94 
 95 /*
 96  * The entries in this table correspond, line for line,
 97  * with the entries in usb_storage_usb_ids[], defined in usual-tables.c.
 98  */
 99 
100 /* The vendor name should be kept at eight characters or less, and
101  * the product name should be kept at 16 characters or less. If a device
102  * has the US_FL_FIX_INQUIRY flag, then the vendor and product names
103  * normally generated by a device through the INQUIRY response will be
104  * taken from this list, and this is the reason for the above size
105  * restriction. However, if the flag is not present, then you
106  * are free to use as many characters as you like.
107  */
108 
109 #define UNUSUAL_DEV(idVendor, idProduct, bcdDeviceMin, bcdDeviceMax, \
110                     vendor_name, product_name, use_protocol, use_transport, \
111                     init_function, Flags) \
112 { \
113         .vendorName = vendor_name,      \
114         .productName = product_name,    \
115         .useProtocol = use_protocol,    \
116         .useTransport = use_transport,  \
117         .initFunction = init_function,  \
118 }
119 
120 #define COMPLIANT_DEV   UNUSUAL_DEV
121 
122 #define USUAL_DEV(use_protocol, use_transport) \
123 { \
124         .useProtocol = use_protocol,    \
125         .useTransport = use_transport,  \
126 }
127 
128 #define UNUSUAL_VENDOR_INTF(idVendor, cl, sc, pr, \
129                 vendor_name, product_name, use_protocol, use_transport, \
130                 init_function, Flags) \
131 { \
132         .vendorName = vendor_name,      \
133         .productName = product_name,    \
134         .useProtocol = use_protocol,    \
135         .useTransport = use_transport,  \
136         .initFunction = init_function,  \
137 }
138 
139 static struct us_unusual_dev us_unusual_dev_list[] = {
140 #       include "unusual_devs.h"
141         { }             /* Terminating entry */
142 };
143 
144 static struct us_unusual_dev for_dynamic_ids =
145                 USUAL_DEV(USB_SC_SCSI, USB_PR_BULK);
146 
147 #undef UNUSUAL_DEV
148 #undef COMPLIANT_DEV
149 #undef USUAL_DEV
150 #undef UNUSUAL_VENDOR_INTF
151 
152 #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
153 
154 static struct lock_class_key us_interface_key[USB_MAXINTERFACES];
155 
156 static void us_set_lock_class(struct mutex *mutex,
157                 struct usb_interface *intf)
158 {
159         struct usb_device *udev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
160         struct usb_host_config *config = udev->actconfig;
161         int i;
162 
163         for (i = 0; i < config->desc.bNumInterfaces; i++) {
164                 if (config->interface[i] == intf)
165                         break;
166         }
167 
168         BUG_ON(i == config->desc.bNumInterfaces);
169 
170         lockdep_set_class(mutex, &us_interface_key[i]);
171 }
172 
173 #else
174 
175 static void us_set_lock_class(struct mutex *mutex,
176                 struct usb_interface *intf)
177 {
178 }
179 
180 #endif
181 
182 #ifdef CONFIG_PM        /* Minimal support for suspend and resume */
183 
184 int usb_stor_suspend(struct usb_interface *iface, pm_message_t message)
185 {
186         struct us_data *us = usb_get_intfdata(iface);
187 
188         /* Wait until no command is running */
189         mutex_lock(&us->dev_mutex);
190 
191         if (us->suspend_resume_hook)
192                 (us->suspend_resume_hook)(us, US_SUSPEND);
193 
194         /* When runtime PM is working, we'll set a flag to indicate
195          * whether we should autoresume when a SCSI request arrives. */
196 
197         mutex_unlock(&us->dev_mutex);
198         return 0;
199 }
200 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_suspend);
201 
202 int usb_stor_resume(struct usb_interface *iface)
203 {
204         struct us_data *us = usb_get_intfdata(iface);
205 
206         mutex_lock(&us->dev_mutex);
207 
208         if (us->suspend_resume_hook)
209                 (us->suspend_resume_hook)(us, US_RESUME);
210 
211         mutex_unlock(&us->dev_mutex);
212         return 0;
213 }
214 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_resume);
215 
216 int usb_stor_reset_resume(struct usb_interface *iface)
217 {
218         struct us_data *us = usb_get_intfdata(iface);
219 
220         /* Report the reset to the SCSI core */
221         usb_stor_report_bus_reset(us);
222 
223         /* FIXME: Notify the subdrivers that they need to reinitialize
224          * the device */
225         return 0;
226 }
227 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_reset_resume);
228 
229 #endif /* CONFIG_PM */
230 
231 /*
232  * The next two routines get called just before and just after
233  * a USB port reset, whether from this driver or a different one.
234  */
235 
236 int usb_stor_pre_reset(struct usb_interface *iface)
237 {
238         struct us_data *us = usb_get_intfdata(iface);
239 
240         /* Make sure no command runs during the reset */
241         mutex_lock(&us->dev_mutex);
242         return 0;
243 }
244 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_pre_reset);
245 
246 int usb_stor_post_reset(struct usb_interface *iface)
247 {
248         struct us_data *us = usb_get_intfdata(iface);
249 
250         /* Report the reset to the SCSI core */
251         usb_stor_report_bus_reset(us);
252 
253         /* FIXME: Notify the subdrivers that they need to reinitialize
254          * the device */
255 
256         mutex_unlock(&us->dev_mutex);
257         return 0;
258 }
259 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_post_reset);
260 
261 /*
262  * fill_inquiry_response takes an unsigned char array (which must
263  * be at least 36 characters) and populates the vendor name,
264  * product name, and revision fields. Then the array is copied
265  * into the SCSI command's response buffer (oddly enough
266  * called request_buffer). data_len contains the length of the
267  * data array, which again must be at least 36.
268  */
269 
270 void fill_inquiry_response(struct us_data *us, unsigned char *data,
271                 unsigned int data_len)
272 {
273         if (data_len < 36) /* You lose. */
274                 return;
275 
276         memset(data+8, ' ', 28);
277         if (data[0]&0x20) { /* USB device currently not connected. Return
278                               peripheral qualifier 001b ("...however, the
279                               physical device is not currently connected
280                               to this logical unit") and leave vendor and
281                               product identification empty. ("If the target
282                               does store some of the INQUIRY data on the
283                               device, it may return zeros or ASCII spaces
284                               (20h) in those fields until the data is
285                               available from the device."). */
286         } else {
287                 u16 bcdDevice = le16_to_cpu(us->pusb_dev->descriptor.bcdDevice);
288                 int n;
289 
290                 n = strlen(us->unusual_dev->vendorName);
291                 memcpy(data+8, us->unusual_dev->vendorName, min(8, n));
292                 n = strlen(us->unusual_dev->productName);
293                 memcpy(data+16, us->unusual_dev->productName, min(16, n));
294 
295                 data[32] = 0x30 + ((bcdDevice>>12) & 0x0F);
296                 data[33] = 0x30 + ((bcdDevice>>8) & 0x0F);
297                 data[34] = 0x30 + ((bcdDevice>>4) & 0x0F);
298                 data[35] = 0x30 + ((bcdDevice) & 0x0F);
299         }
300 
301         usb_stor_set_xfer_buf(data, data_len, us->srb);
302 }
303 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fill_inquiry_response);
304 
305 static int usb_stor_control_thread(void * __us)
306 {
307         struct us_data *us = (struct us_data *)__us;
308         struct Scsi_Host *host = us_to_host(us);
309 
310         for (;;) {
311                 usb_stor_dbg(us, "*** thread sleeping\n");
312                 if (wait_for_completion_interruptible(&us->cmnd_ready))
313                         break;
314 
315                 usb_stor_dbg(us, "*** thread awakened\n");
316 
317                 /* lock the device pointers */
318                 mutex_lock(&(us->dev_mutex));
319 
320                 /* lock access to the state */
321                 scsi_lock(host);
322 
323                 /* When we are called with no command pending, we're done */
324                 if (us->srb == NULL) {
325                         scsi_unlock(host);
326                         mutex_unlock(&us->dev_mutex);
327                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "-- exiting\n");
328                         break;
329                 }
330 
331                 /* has the command timed out *already* ? */
332                 if (test_bit(US_FLIDX_TIMED_OUT, &us->dflags)) {
333                         us->srb->result = DID_ABORT << 16;
334                         goto SkipForAbort;
335                 }
336 
337                 scsi_unlock(host);
338 
339                 /* reject the command if the direction indicator
340                  * is UNKNOWN
341                  */
342                 if (us->srb->sc_data_direction == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL) {
343                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "UNKNOWN data direction\n");
344                         us->srb->result = DID_ERROR << 16;
345                 }
346 
347                 /* reject if target != 0 or if LUN is higher than
348                  * the maximum known LUN
349                  */
350                 else if (us->srb->device->id &&
351                                 !(us->fflags & US_FL_SCM_MULT_TARG)) {
352                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Bad target number (%d:%llu)\n",
353                                      us->srb->device->id,
354                                      us->srb->device->lun);
355                         us->srb->result = DID_BAD_TARGET << 16;
356                 }
357 
358                 else if (us->srb->device->lun > us->max_lun) {
359                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Bad LUN (%d:%llu)\n",
360                                      us->srb->device->id,
361                                      us->srb->device->lun);
362                         us->srb->result = DID_BAD_TARGET << 16;
363                 }
364 
365                 /* Handle those devices which need us to fake
366                  * their inquiry data */
367                 else if ((us->srb->cmnd[0] == INQUIRY) &&
368                             (us->fflags & US_FL_FIX_INQUIRY)) {
369                         unsigned char data_ptr[36] = {
370                             0x00, 0x80, 0x02, 0x02,
371                             0x1F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
372 
373                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Faking INQUIRY command\n");
374                         fill_inquiry_response(us, data_ptr, 36);
375                         us->srb->result = SAM_STAT_GOOD;
376                 }
377 
378                 /* we've got a command, let's do it! */
379                 else {
380                         US_DEBUG(usb_stor_show_command(us, us->srb));
381                         us->proto_handler(us->srb, us);
382                         usb_mark_last_busy(us->pusb_dev);
383                 }
384 
385                 /* lock access to the state */
386                 scsi_lock(host);
387 
388                 /* indicate that the command is done */
389                 if (us->srb->result != DID_ABORT << 16) {
390                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "scsi cmd done, result=0x%x\n",
391                                      us->srb->result);
392                         us->srb->scsi_done(us->srb);
393                 } else {
394 SkipForAbort:
395                         usb_stor_dbg(us, "scsi command aborted\n");
396                 }
397 
398                 /* If an abort request was received we need to signal that
399                  * the abort has finished.  The proper test for this is
400                  * the TIMED_OUT flag, not srb->result == DID_ABORT, because
401                  * the timeout might have occurred after the command had
402                  * already completed with a different result code. */
403                 if (test_bit(US_FLIDX_TIMED_OUT, &us->dflags)) {
404                         complete(&(us->notify));
405 
406                         /* Allow USB transfers to resume */
407                         clear_bit(US_FLIDX_ABORTING, &us->dflags);
408                         clear_bit(US_FLIDX_TIMED_OUT, &us->dflags);
409                 }
410 
411                 /* finished working on this command */
412                 us->srb = NULL;
413                 scsi_unlock(host);
414 
415                 /* unlock the device pointers */
416                 mutex_unlock(&us->dev_mutex);
417         } /* for (;;) */
418 
419         /* Wait until we are told to stop */
420         for (;;) {
421                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
422                 if (kthread_should_stop())
423                         break;
424                 schedule();
425         }
426         __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
427         return 0;
428 }
429 
430 /***********************************************************************
431  * Device probing and disconnecting
432  ***********************************************************************/
433 
434 /* Associate our private data with the USB device */
435 static int associate_dev(struct us_data *us, struct usb_interface *intf)
436 {
437         /* Fill in the device-related fields */
438         us->pusb_dev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
439         us->pusb_intf = intf;
440         us->ifnum = intf->cur_altsetting->desc.bInterfaceNumber;
441         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Vendor: 0x%04x, Product: 0x%04x, Revision: 0x%04x\n",
442                      le16_to_cpu(us->pusb_dev->descriptor.idVendor),
443                      le16_to_cpu(us->pusb_dev->descriptor.idProduct),
444                      le16_to_cpu(us->pusb_dev->descriptor.bcdDevice));
445         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Interface Subclass: 0x%02x, Protocol: 0x%02x\n",
446                      intf->cur_altsetting->desc.bInterfaceSubClass,
447                      intf->cur_altsetting->desc.bInterfaceProtocol);
448 
449         /* Store our private data in the interface */
450         usb_set_intfdata(intf, us);
451 
452         /* Allocate the control/setup and DMA-mapped buffers */
453         us->cr = kmalloc(sizeof(*us->cr), GFP_KERNEL);
454         if (!us->cr)
455                 return -ENOMEM;
456 
457         us->iobuf = usb_alloc_coherent(us->pusb_dev, US_IOBUF_SIZE,
458                         GFP_KERNEL, &us->iobuf_dma);
459         if (!us->iobuf) {
460                 usb_stor_dbg(us, "I/O buffer allocation failed\n");
461                 return -ENOMEM;
462         }
463         return 0;
464 }
465 
466 /* Works only for digits and letters, but small and fast */
467 #define TOLOWER(x) ((x) | 0x20)
468 
469 /* Adjust device flags based on the "quirks=" module parameter */
470 void usb_stor_adjust_quirks(struct usb_device *udev, unsigned long *fflags)
471 {
472         char *p;
473         u16 vid = le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idVendor);
474         u16 pid = le16_to_cpu(udev->descriptor.idProduct);
475         unsigned f = 0;
476         unsigned int mask = (US_FL_SANE_SENSE | US_FL_BAD_SENSE |
477                         US_FL_FIX_CAPACITY | US_FL_IGNORE_UAS |
478                         US_FL_CAPACITY_HEURISTICS | US_FL_IGNORE_DEVICE |
479                         US_FL_NOT_LOCKABLE | US_FL_MAX_SECTORS_64 |
480                         US_FL_CAPACITY_OK | US_FL_IGNORE_RESIDUE |
481                         US_FL_SINGLE_LUN | US_FL_NO_WP_DETECT |
482                         US_FL_NO_READ_DISC_INFO | US_FL_NO_READ_CAPACITY_16 |
483                         US_FL_INITIAL_READ10 | US_FL_WRITE_CACHE |
484                         US_FL_NO_ATA_1X | US_FL_NO_REPORT_OPCODES |
485                         US_FL_MAX_SECTORS_240 | US_FL_NO_REPORT_LUNS);
486 
487         p = quirks;
488         while (*p) {
489                 /* Each entry consists of VID:PID:flags */
490                 if (vid == simple_strtoul(p, &p, 16) &&
491                                 *p == ':' &&
492                                 pid == simple_strtoul(p+1, &p, 16) &&
493                                 *p == ':')
494                         break;
495 
496                 /* Move forward to the next entry */
497                 while (*p) {
498                         if (*p++ == ',')
499                                 break;
500                 }
501         }
502         if (!*p)        /* No match */
503                 return;
504 
505         /* Collect the flags */
506         while (*++p && *p != ',') {
507                 switch (TOLOWER(*p)) {
508                 case 'a':
509                         f |= US_FL_SANE_SENSE;
510                         break;
511                 case 'b':
512                         f |= US_FL_BAD_SENSE;
513                         break;
514                 case 'c':
515                         f |= US_FL_FIX_CAPACITY;
516                         break;
517                 case 'd':
518                         f |= US_FL_NO_READ_DISC_INFO;
519                         break;
520                 case 'e':
521                         f |= US_FL_NO_READ_CAPACITY_16;
522                         break;
523                 case 'f':
524                         f |= US_FL_NO_REPORT_OPCODES;
525                         break;
526                 case 'g':
527                         f |= US_FL_MAX_SECTORS_240;
528                         break;
529                 case 'h':
530                         f |= US_FL_CAPACITY_HEURISTICS;
531                         break;
532                 case 'i':
533                         f |= US_FL_IGNORE_DEVICE;
534                         break;
535                 case 'j':
536                         f |= US_FL_NO_REPORT_LUNS;
537                         break;
538                 case 'l':
539                         f |= US_FL_NOT_LOCKABLE;
540                         break;
541                 case 'm':
542                         f |= US_FL_MAX_SECTORS_64;
543                         break;
544                 case 'n':
545                         f |= US_FL_INITIAL_READ10;
546                         break;
547                 case 'o':
548                         f |= US_FL_CAPACITY_OK;
549                         break;
550                 case 'p':
551                         f |= US_FL_WRITE_CACHE;
552                         break;
553                 case 'r':
554                         f |= US_FL_IGNORE_RESIDUE;
555                         break;
556                 case 's':
557                         f |= US_FL_SINGLE_LUN;
558                         break;
559                 case 't':
560                         f |= US_FL_NO_ATA_1X;
561                         break;
562                 case 'u':
563                         f |= US_FL_IGNORE_UAS;
564                         break;
565                 case 'w':
566                         f |= US_FL_NO_WP_DETECT;
567                         break;
568                 /* Ignore unrecognized flag characters */
569                 }
570         }
571         *fflags = (*fflags & ~mask) | f;
572 }
573 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_adjust_quirks);
574 
575 /* Get the unusual_devs entries and the string descriptors */
576 static int get_device_info(struct us_data *us, const struct usb_device_id *id,
577                 struct us_unusual_dev *unusual_dev)
578 {
579         struct usb_device *dev = us->pusb_dev;
580         struct usb_interface_descriptor *idesc =
581                 &us->pusb_intf->cur_altsetting->desc;
582         struct device *pdev = &us->pusb_intf->dev;
583 
584         /* Store the entries */
585         us->unusual_dev = unusual_dev;
586         us->subclass = (unusual_dev->useProtocol == USB_SC_DEVICE) ?
587                         idesc->bInterfaceSubClass :
588                         unusual_dev->useProtocol;
589         us->protocol = (unusual_dev->useTransport == USB_PR_DEVICE) ?
590                         idesc->bInterfaceProtocol :
591                         unusual_dev->useTransport;
592         us->fflags = id->driver_info;
593         usb_stor_adjust_quirks(us->pusb_dev, &us->fflags);
594 
595         if (us->fflags & US_FL_IGNORE_DEVICE) {
596                 dev_info(pdev, "device ignored\n");
597                 return -ENODEV;
598         }
599 
600         /*
601          * This flag is only needed when we're in high-speed, so let's
602          * disable it if we're in full-speed
603          */
604         if (dev->speed != USB_SPEED_HIGH)
605                 us->fflags &= ~US_FL_GO_SLOW;
606 
607         if (us->fflags)
608                 dev_info(pdev, "Quirks match for vid %04x pid %04x: %lx\n",
609                                 le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idVendor),
610                                 le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idProduct),
611                                 us->fflags);
612 
613         /* Log a message if a non-generic unusual_dev entry contains an
614          * unnecessary subclass or protocol override.  This may stimulate
615          * reports from users that will help us remove unneeded entries
616          * from the unusual_devs.h table.
617          */
618         if (id->idVendor || id->idProduct) {
619                 static const char *msgs[3] = {
620                         "an unneeded SubClass entry",
621                         "an unneeded Protocol entry",
622                         "unneeded SubClass and Protocol entries"};
623                 struct usb_device_descriptor *ddesc = &dev->descriptor;
624                 int msg = -1;
625 
626                 if (unusual_dev->useProtocol != USB_SC_DEVICE &&
627                         us->subclass == idesc->bInterfaceSubClass)
628                         msg += 1;
629                 if (unusual_dev->useTransport != USB_PR_DEVICE &&
630                         us->protocol == idesc->bInterfaceProtocol)
631                         msg += 2;
632                 if (msg >= 0 && !(us->fflags & US_FL_NEED_OVERRIDE))
633                         dev_notice(pdev, "This device "
634                                         "(%04x,%04x,%04x S %02x P %02x)"
635                                         " has %s in unusual_devs.h (kernel"
636                                         " %s)\n"
637                                         "   Please send a copy of this message to "
638                                         "<linux-usb@vger.kernel.org> and "
639                                         "<usb-storage@lists.one-eyed-alien.net>\n",
640                                         le16_to_cpu(ddesc->idVendor),
641                                         le16_to_cpu(ddesc->idProduct),
642                                         le16_to_cpu(ddesc->bcdDevice),
643                                         idesc->bInterfaceSubClass,
644                                         idesc->bInterfaceProtocol,
645                                         msgs[msg],
646                                         utsname()->release);
647         }
648 
649         return 0;
650 }
651 
652 /* Get the transport settings */
653 static void get_transport(struct us_data *us)
654 {
655         switch (us->protocol) {
656         case USB_PR_CB:
657                 us->transport_name = "Control/Bulk";
658                 us->transport = usb_stor_CB_transport;
659                 us->transport_reset = usb_stor_CB_reset;
660                 us->max_lun = 7;
661                 break;
662 
663         case USB_PR_CBI:
664                 us->transport_name = "Control/Bulk/Interrupt";
665                 us->transport = usb_stor_CB_transport;
666                 us->transport_reset = usb_stor_CB_reset;
667                 us->max_lun = 7;
668                 break;
669 
670         case USB_PR_BULK:
671                 us->transport_name = "Bulk";
672                 us->transport = usb_stor_Bulk_transport;
673                 us->transport_reset = usb_stor_Bulk_reset;
674                 break;
675         }
676 }
677 
678 /* Get the protocol settings */
679 static void get_protocol(struct us_data *us)
680 {
681         switch (us->subclass) {
682         case USB_SC_RBC:
683                 us->protocol_name = "Reduced Block Commands (RBC)";
684                 us->proto_handler = usb_stor_transparent_scsi_command;
685                 break;
686 
687         case USB_SC_8020:
688                 us->protocol_name = "8020i";
689                 us->proto_handler = usb_stor_pad12_command;
690                 us->max_lun = 0;
691                 break;
692 
693         case USB_SC_QIC:
694                 us->protocol_name = "QIC-157";
695                 us->proto_handler = usb_stor_pad12_command;
696                 us->max_lun = 0;
697                 break;
698 
699         case USB_SC_8070:
700                 us->protocol_name = "8070i";
701                 us->proto_handler = usb_stor_pad12_command;
702                 us->max_lun = 0;
703                 break;
704 
705         case USB_SC_SCSI:
706                 us->protocol_name = "Transparent SCSI";
707                 us->proto_handler = usb_stor_transparent_scsi_command;
708                 break;
709 
710         case USB_SC_UFI:
711                 us->protocol_name = "Uniform Floppy Interface (UFI)";
712                 us->proto_handler = usb_stor_ufi_command;
713                 break;
714         }
715 }
716 
717 /* Get the pipe settings */
718 static int get_pipes(struct us_data *us)
719 {
720         struct usb_host_interface *altsetting =
721                 us->pusb_intf->cur_altsetting;
722         int i;
723         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep;
724         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_in = NULL;
725         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_out = NULL;
726         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_int = NULL;
727 
728         /*
729          * Find the first endpoint of each type we need.
730          * We are expecting a minimum of 2 endpoints - in and out (bulk).
731          * An optional interrupt-in is OK (necessary for CBI protocol).
732          * We will ignore any others.
733          */
734         for (i = 0; i < altsetting->desc.bNumEndpoints; i++) {
735                 ep = &altsetting->endpoint[i].desc;
736 
737                 if (usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(ep)) {
738                         if (usb_endpoint_dir_in(ep)) {
739                                 if (!ep_in)
740                                         ep_in = ep;
741                         } else {
742                                 if (!ep_out)
743                                         ep_out = ep;
744                         }
745                 }
746 
747                 else if (usb_endpoint_is_int_in(ep)) {
748                         if (!ep_int)
749                                 ep_int = ep;
750                 }
751         }
752 
753         if (!ep_in || !ep_out || (us->protocol == USB_PR_CBI && !ep_int)) {
754                 usb_stor_dbg(us, "Endpoint sanity check failed! Rejecting dev.\n");
755                 return -EIO;
756         }
757 
758         /* Calculate and store the pipe values */
759         us->send_ctrl_pipe = usb_sndctrlpipe(us->pusb_dev, 0);
760         us->recv_ctrl_pipe = usb_rcvctrlpipe(us->pusb_dev, 0);
761         us->send_bulk_pipe = usb_sndbulkpipe(us->pusb_dev,
762                 usb_endpoint_num(ep_out));
763         us->recv_bulk_pipe = usb_rcvbulkpipe(us->pusb_dev,
764                 usb_endpoint_num(ep_in));
765         if (ep_int) {
766                 us->recv_intr_pipe = usb_rcvintpipe(us->pusb_dev,
767                         usb_endpoint_num(ep_int));
768                 us->ep_bInterval = ep_int->bInterval;
769         }
770         return 0;
771 }
772 
773 /* Initialize all the dynamic resources we need */
774 static int usb_stor_acquire_resources(struct us_data *us)
775 {
776         int p;
777         struct task_struct *th;
778 
779         us->current_urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
780         if (!us->current_urb) {
781                 usb_stor_dbg(us, "URB allocation failed\n");
782                 return -ENOMEM;
783         }
784 
785         /* Just before we start our control thread, initialize
786          * the device if it needs initialization */
787         if (us->unusual_dev->initFunction) {
788                 p = us->unusual_dev->initFunction(us);
789                 if (p)
790                         return p;
791         }
792 
793         /* Start up our control thread */
794         th = kthread_run(usb_stor_control_thread, us, "usb-storage");
795         if (IS_ERR(th)) {
796                 dev_warn(&us->pusb_intf->dev,
797                                 "Unable to start control thread\n");
798                 return PTR_ERR(th);
799         }
800         us->ctl_thread = th;
801 
802         return 0;
803 }
804 
805 /* Release all our dynamic resources */
806 static void usb_stor_release_resources(struct us_data *us)
807 {
808         /* Tell the control thread to exit.  The SCSI host must
809          * already have been removed and the DISCONNECTING flag set
810          * so that we won't accept any more commands.
811          */
812         usb_stor_dbg(us, "-- sending exit command to thread\n");
813         complete(&us->cmnd_ready);
814         if (us->ctl_thread)
815                 kthread_stop(us->ctl_thread);
816 
817         /* Call the destructor routine, if it exists */
818         if (us->extra_destructor) {
819                 usb_stor_dbg(us, "-- calling extra_destructor()\n");
820                 us->extra_destructor(us->extra);
821         }
822 
823         /* Free the extra data and the URB */
824         kfree(us->extra);
825         usb_free_urb(us->current_urb);
826 }
827 
828 /* Dissociate from the USB device */
829 static void dissociate_dev(struct us_data *us)
830 {
831         /* Free the buffers */
832         kfree(us->cr);
833         usb_free_coherent(us->pusb_dev, US_IOBUF_SIZE, us->iobuf, us->iobuf_dma);
834 
835         /* Remove our private data from the interface */
836         usb_set_intfdata(us->pusb_intf, NULL);
837 }
838 
839 /* First stage of disconnect processing: stop SCSI scanning,
840  * remove the host, and stop accepting new commands
841  */
842 static void quiesce_and_remove_host(struct us_data *us)
843 {
844         struct Scsi_Host *host = us_to_host(us);
845 
846         /* If the device is really gone, cut short reset delays */
847         if (us->pusb_dev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED) {
848                 set_bit(US_FLIDX_DISCONNECTING, &us->dflags);
849                 wake_up(&us->delay_wait);
850         }
851 
852         /* Prevent SCSI scanning (if it hasn't started yet)
853          * or wait for the SCSI-scanning routine to stop.
854          */
855         cancel_delayed_work_sync(&us->scan_dwork);
856 
857         /* Balance autopm calls if scanning was cancelled */
858         if (test_bit(US_FLIDX_SCAN_PENDING, &us->dflags))
859                 usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(us->pusb_intf);
860 
861         /* Removing the host will perform an orderly shutdown: caches
862          * synchronized, disks spun down, etc.
863          */
864         scsi_remove_host(host);
865 
866         /* Prevent any new commands from being accepted and cut short
867          * reset delays.
868          */
869         scsi_lock(host);
870         set_bit(US_FLIDX_DISCONNECTING, &us->dflags);
871         scsi_unlock(host);
872         wake_up(&us->delay_wait);
873 }
874 
875 /* Second stage of disconnect processing: deallocate all resources */
876 static void release_everything(struct us_data *us)
877 {
878         usb_stor_release_resources(us);
879         dissociate_dev(us);
880 
881         /* Drop our reference to the host; the SCSI core will free it
882          * (and "us" along with it) when the refcount becomes 0. */
883         scsi_host_put(us_to_host(us));
884 }
885 
886 /* Delayed-work routine to carry out SCSI-device scanning */
887 static void usb_stor_scan_dwork(struct work_struct *work)
888 {
889         struct us_data *us = container_of(work, struct us_data,
890                         scan_dwork.work);
891         struct device *dev = &us->pusb_intf->dev;
892 
893         dev_dbg(dev, "starting scan\n");
894 
895         /* For bulk-only devices, determine the max LUN value */
896         if (us->protocol == USB_PR_BULK &&
897             !(us->fflags & US_FL_SINGLE_LUN) &&
898             !(us->fflags & US_FL_SCM_MULT_TARG)) {
899                 mutex_lock(&us->dev_mutex);
900                 us->max_lun = usb_stor_Bulk_max_lun(us);
901                 /*
902                  * Allow proper scanning of devices that present more than 8 LUNs
903                  * While not affecting other devices that may need the previous behavior
904                  */
905                 if (us->max_lun >= 8)
906                         us_to_host(us)->max_lun = us->max_lun+1;
907                 mutex_unlock(&us->dev_mutex);
908         }
909         scsi_scan_host(us_to_host(us));
910         dev_dbg(dev, "scan complete\n");
911 
912         /* Should we unbind if no devices were detected? */
913 
914         usb_autopm_put_interface(us->pusb_intf);
915         clear_bit(US_FLIDX_SCAN_PENDING, &us->dflags);
916 }
917 
918 static unsigned int usb_stor_sg_tablesize(struct usb_interface *intf)
919 {
920         struct usb_device *usb_dev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
921 
922         if (usb_dev->bus->sg_tablesize) {
923                 return usb_dev->bus->sg_tablesize;
924         }
925         return SG_ALL;
926 }
927 
928 /* First part of general USB mass-storage probing */
929 int usb_stor_probe1(struct us_data **pus,
930                 struct usb_interface *intf,
931                 const struct usb_device_id *id,
932                 struct us_unusual_dev *unusual_dev,
933                 struct scsi_host_template *sht)
934 {
935         struct Scsi_Host *host;
936         struct us_data *us;
937         int result;
938 
939         dev_info(&intf->dev, "USB Mass Storage device detected\n");
940 
941         /*
942          * Ask the SCSI layer to allocate a host structure, with extra
943          * space at the end for our private us_data structure.
944          */
945         host = scsi_host_alloc(sht, sizeof(*us));
946         if (!host) {
947                 dev_warn(&intf->dev, "Unable to allocate the scsi host\n");
948                 return -ENOMEM;
949         }
950 
951         /*
952          * Allow 16-byte CDBs and thus > 2TB
953          */
954         host->max_cmd_len = 16;
955         host->sg_tablesize = usb_stor_sg_tablesize(intf);
956         *pus = us = host_to_us(host);
957         mutex_init(&(us->dev_mutex));
958         us_set_lock_class(&us->dev_mutex, intf);
959         init_completion(&us->cmnd_ready);
960         init_completion(&(us->notify));
961         init_waitqueue_head(&us->delay_wait);
962         INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&us->scan_dwork, usb_stor_scan_dwork);
963 
964         /* Associate the us_data structure with the USB device */
965         result = associate_dev(us, intf);
966         if (result)
967                 goto BadDevice;
968 
969         /* Get the unusual_devs entries and the descriptors */
970         result = get_device_info(us, id, unusual_dev);
971         if (result)
972                 goto BadDevice;
973 
974         /* Get standard transport and protocol settings */
975         get_transport(us);
976         get_protocol(us);
977 
978         /* Give the caller a chance to fill in specialized transport
979          * or protocol settings.
980          */
981         return 0;
982 
983 BadDevice:
984         usb_stor_dbg(us, "storage_probe() failed\n");
985         release_everything(us);
986         return result;
987 }
988 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_probe1);
989 
990 /* Second part of general USB mass-storage probing */
991 int usb_stor_probe2(struct us_data *us)
992 {
993         int result;
994         struct device *dev = &us->pusb_intf->dev;
995 
996         /* Make sure the transport and protocol have both been set */
997         if (!us->transport || !us->proto_handler) {
998                 result = -ENXIO;
999                 goto BadDevice;
1000         }
1001         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Transport: %s\n", us->transport_name);
1002         usb_stor_dbg(us, "Protocol: %s\n", us->protocol_name);
1003 
1004         if (us->fflags & US_FL_SCM_MULT_TARG) {
1005                 /*
1006                  * SCM eUSCSI bridge devices can have different numbers
1007                  * of LUNs on different targets; allow all to be probed.
1008                  */
1009                 us->max_lun = 7;
1010                 /* The eUSCSI itself has ID 7, so avoid scanning that */
1011                 us_to_host(us)->this_id = 7;
1012                 /* max_id is 8 initially, so no need to set it here */
1013         } else {
1014                 /* In the normal case there is only a single target */
1015                 us_to_host(us)->max_id = 1;
1016                 /*
1017                  * Like Windows, we won't store the LUN bits in CDB[1] for
1018                  * SCSI-2 devices using the Bulk-Only transport (even though
1019                  * this violates the SCSI spec).
1020                  */
1021                 if (us->transport == usb_stor_Bulk_transport)
1022                         us_to_host(us)->no_scsi2_lun_in_cdb = 1;
1023         }
1024 
1025         /* fix for single-lun devices */
1026         if (us->fflags & US_FL_SINGLE_LUN)
1027                 us->max_lun = 0;
1028 
1029         /* Find the endpoints and calculate pipe values */
1030         result = get_pipes(us);
1031         if (result)
1032                 goto BadDevice;
1033 
1034         /*
1035          * If the device returns invalid data for the first READ(10)
1036          * command, indicate the command should be retried.
1037          */
1038         if (us->fflags & US_FL_INITIAL_READ10)
1039                 set_bit(US_FLIDX_REDO_READ10, &us->dflags);
1040 
1041         /* Acquire all the other resources and add the host */
1042         result = usb_stor_acquire_resources(us);
1043         if (result)
1044                 goto BadDevice;
1045         snprintf(us->scsi_name, sizeof(us->scsi_name), "usb-storage %s",
1046                                         dev_name(&us->pusb_intf->dev));
1047         result = scsi_add_host(us_to_host(us), dev);
1048         if (result) {
1049                 dev_warn(dev,
1050                                 "Unable to add the scsi host\n");
1051                 goto BadDevice;
1052         }
1053 
1054         /* Submit the delayed_work for SCSI-device scanning */
1055         usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(us->pusb_intf);
1056         set_bit(US_FLIDX_SCAN_PENDING, &us->dflags);
1057 
1058         if (delay_use > 0)
1059                 dev_dbg(dev, "waiting for device to settle before scanning\n");
1060         queue_delayed_work(system_freezable_wq, &us->scan_dwork,
1061                         delay_use * HZ);
1062         return 0;
1063 
1064         /* We come here if there are any problems */
1065 BadDevice:
1066         usb_stor_dbg(us, "storage_probe() failed\n");
1067         release_everything(us);
1068         return result;
1069 }
1070 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_probe2);
1071 
1072 /* Handle a USB mass-storage disconnect */
1073 void usb_stor_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
1074 {
1075         struct us_data *us = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
1076 
1077         quiesce_and_remove_host(us);
1078         release_everything(us);
1079 }
1080 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_stor_disconnect);
1081 
1082 static struct scsi_host_template usb_stor_host_template;
1083 
1084 /* The main probe routine for standard devices */
1085 static int storage_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
1086                          const struct usb_device_id *id)
1087 {
1088         struct us_unusual_dev *unusual_dev;
1089         struct us_data *us;
1090         int result;
1091         int size;
1092 
1093         /* If uas is enabled and this device can do uas then ignore it. */
1094 #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_USB_UAS)
1095         if (uas_use_uas_driver(intf, id, NULL))
1096                 return -ENXIO;
1097 #endif
1098 
1099         /*
1100          * If the device isn't standard (is handled by a subdriver
1101          * module) then don't accept it.
1102          */
1103         if (usb_usual_ignore_device(intf))
1104                 return -ENXIO;
1105 
1106         /*
1107          * Call the general probe procedures.
1108          *
1109          * The unusual_dev_list array is parallel to the usb_storage_usb_ids
1110          * table, so we use the index of the id entry to find the
1111          * corresponding unusual_devs entry.
1112          */
1113 
1114         size = ARRAY_SIZE(us_unusual_dev_list);
1115         if (id >= usb_storage_usb_ids && id < usb_storage_usb_ids + size) {
1116                 unusual_dev = (id - usb_storage_usb_ids) + us_unusual_dev_list;
1117         } else {
1118                 unusual_dev = &for_dynamic_ids;
1119 
1120                 dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "Use Bulk-Only transport with the Transparent SCSI protocol for dynamic id: 0x%04x 0x%04x\n",
1121                         id->idVendor, id->idProduct);
1122         }
1123 
1124         result = usb_stor_probe1(&us, intf, id, unusual_dev,
1125                                  &usb_stor_host_template);
1126         if (result)
1127                 return result;
1128 
1129         /* No special transport or protocol settings in the main module */
1130 
1131         result = usb_stor_probe2(us);
1132         return result;
1133 }
1134 
1135 static struct usb_driver usb_storage_driver = {
1136         .name =         DRV_NAME,
1137         .probe =        storage_probe,
1138         .disconnect =   usb_stor_disconnect,
1139         .suspend =      usb_stor_suspend,
1140         .resume =       usb_stor_resume,
1141         .reset_resume = usb_stor_reset_resume,
1142         .pre_reset =    usb_stor_pre_reset,
1143         .post_reset =   usb_stor_post_reset,
1144         .id_table =     usb_storage_usb_ids,
1145         .supports_autosuspend = 1,
1146         .soft_unbind =  1,
1147 };
1148 
1149 module_usb_stor_driver(usb_storage_driver, usb_stor_host_template, DRV_NAME);
1150 

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