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Linux/block/ioctl.c

  1 #include <linux/capability.h>
  2 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
  3 #include <linux/export.h>
  4 #include <linux/gfp.h>
  5 #include <linux/blkpg.h>
  6 #include <linux/hdreg.h>
  7 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
  8 #include <linux/fs.h>
  9 #include <linux/blktrace_api.h>
 10 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
 11 
 12 static int blkpg_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, struct blkpg_ioctl_arg __user *arg)
 13 {
 14         struct block_device *bdevp;
 15         struct gendisk *disk;
 16         struct hd_struct *part, *lpart;
 17         struct blkpg_ioctl_arg a;
 18         struct blkpg_partition p;
 19         struct disk_part_iter piter;
 20         long long start, length;
 21         int partno;
 22 
 23         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
 24                 return -EACCES;
 25         if (copy_from_user(&a, arg, sizeof(struct blkpg_ioctl_arg)))
 26                 return -EFAULT;
 27         if (copy_from_user(&p, a.data, sizeof(struct blkpg_partition)))
 28                 return -EFAULT;
 29         disk = bdev->bd_disk;
 30         if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
 31                 return -EINVAL;
 32         partno = p.pno;
 33         if (partno <= 0)
 34                 return -EINVAL;
 35         switch (a.op) {
 36                 case BLKPG_ADD_PARTITION:
 37                         start = p.start >> 9;
 38                         length = p.length >> 9;
 39                         /* check for fit in a hd_struct */
 40                         if (sizeof(sector_t) == sizeof(long) &&
 41                             sizeof(long long) > sizeof(long)) {
 42                                 long pstart = start, plength = length;
 43                                 if (pstart != start || plength != length
 44                                     || pstart < 0 || plength < 0 || partno > 65535)
 45                                         return -EINVAL;
 46                         }
 47 
 48                         mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
 49 
 50                         /* overlap? */
 51                         disk_part_iter_init(&piter, disk,
 52                                             DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY);
 53                         while ((part = disk_part_iter_next(&piter))) {
 54                                 if (!(start + length <= part->start_sect ||
 55                                       start >= part->start_sect + part->nr_sects)) {
 56                                         disk_part_iter_exit(&piter);
 57                                         mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
 58                                         return -EBUSY;
 59                                 }
 60                         }
 61                         disk_part_iter_exit(&piter);
 62 
 63                         /* all seems OK */
 64                         part = add_partition(disk, partno, start, length,
 65                                              ADDPART_FLAG_NONE, NULL);
 66                         mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
 67                         return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(part);
 68                 case BLKPG_DEL_PARTITION:
 69                         part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
 70                         if (!part)
 71                                 return -ENXIO;
 72 
 73                         bdevp = bdget(part_devt(part));
 74                         disk_put_part(part);
 75                         if (!bdevp)
 76                                 return -ENOMEM;
 77 
 78                         mutex_lock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
 79                         if (bdevp->bd_openers) {
 80                                 mutex_unlock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
 81                                 bdput(bdevp);
 82                                 return -EBUSY;
 83                         }
 84                         /* all seems OK */
 85                         fsync_bdev(bdevp);
 86                         invalidate_bdev(bdevp);
 87 
 88                         mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, 1);
 89                         delete_partition(disk, partno);
 90                         mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
 91                         mutex_unlock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
 92                         bdput(bdevp);
 93 
 94                         return 0;
 95                 case BLKPG_RESIZE_PARTITION:
 96                         start = p.start >> 9;
 97                         /* new length of partition in bytes */
 98                         length = p.length >> 9;
 99                         /* check for fit in a hd_struct */
100                         if (sizeof(sector_t) == sizeof(long) &&
101                             sizeof(long long) > sizeof(long)) {
102                                 long pstart = start, plength = length;
103                                 if (pstart != start || plength != length
104                                     || pstart < 0 || plength < 0)
105                                         return -EINVAL;
106                         }
107                         part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
108                         if (!part)
109                                 return -ENXIO;
110                         bdevp = bdget(part_devt(part));
111                         if (!bdevp) {
112                                 disk_put_part(part);
113                                 return -ENOMEM;
114                         }
115                         mutex_lock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
116                         mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, 1);
117                         if (start != part->start_sect) {
118                                 mutex_unlock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
119                                 mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
120                                 bdput(bdevp);
121                                 disk_put_part(part);
122                                 return -EINVAL;
123                         }
124                         /* overlap? */
125                         disk_part_iter_init(&piter, disk,
126                                             DISK_PITER_INCL_EMPTY);
127                         while ((lpart = disk_part_iter_next(&piter))) {
128                                 if (lpart->partno != partno &&
129                                    !(start + length <= lpart->start_sect ||
130                                    start >= lpart->start_sect + lpart->nr_sects)
131                                    ) {
132                                         disk_part_iter_exit(&piter);
133                                         mutex_unlock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
134                                         mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
135                                         bdput(bdevp);
136                                         disk_put_part(part);
137                                         return -EBUSY;
138                                 }
139                         }
140                         disk_part_iter_exit(&piter);
141                         part_nr_sects_write(part, (sector_t)length);
142                         i_size_write(bdevp->bd_inode, p.length);
143                         mutex_unlock(&bdevp->bd_mutex);
144                         mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
145                         bdput(bdevp);
146                         disk_put_part(part);
147                         return 0;
148                 default:
149                         return -EINVAL;
150         }
151 }
152 
153 static int blkdev_reread_part(struct block_device *bdev)
154 {
155         struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
156         int res;
157 
158         if (!disk_part_scan_enabled(disk) || bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
159                 return -EINVAL;
160         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
161                 return -EACCES;
162         if (!mutex_trylock(&bdev->bd_mutex))
163                 return -EBUSY;
164         res = rescan_partitions(disk, bdev);
165         mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
166         return res;
167 }
168 
169 static int blk_ioctl_discard(struct block_device *bdev, uint64_t start,
170                              uint64_t len, int secure)
171 {
172         unsigned long flags = 0;
173 
174         if (start & 511)
175                 return -EINVAL;
176         if (len & 511)
177                 return -EINVAL;
178         start >>= 9;
179         len >>= 9;
180 
181         if (start + len > (i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode) >> 9))
182                 return -EINVAL;
183         if (secure)
184                 flags |= BLKDEV_DISCARD_SECURE;
185         return blkdev_issue_discard(bdev, start, len, GFP_KERNEL, flags);
186 }
187 
188 static int blk_ioctl_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, uint64_t start,
189                              uint64_t len)
190 {
191         if (start & 511)
192                 return -EINVAL;
193         if (len & 511)
194                 return -EINVAL;
195         start >>= 9;
196         len >>= 9;
197 
198         if (start + len > (i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode) >> 9))
199                 return -EINVAL;
200 
201         return blkdev_issue_zeroout(bdev, start, len, GFP_KERNEL);
202 }
203 
204 static int put_ushort(unsigned long arg, unsigned short val)
205 {
206         return put_user(val, (unsigned short __user *)arg);
207 }
208 
209 static int put_int(unsigned long arg, int val)
210 {
211         return put_user(val, (int __user *)arg);
212 }
213 
214 static int put_uint(unsigned long arg, unsigned int val)
215 {
216         return put_user(val, (unsigned int __user *)arg);
217 }
218 
219 static int put_long(unsigned long arg, long val)
220 {
221         return put_user(val, (long __user *)arg);
222 }
223 
224 static int put_ulong(unsigned long arg, unsigned long val)
225 {
226         return put_user(val, (unsigned long __user *)arg);
227 }
228 
229 static int put_u64(unsigned long arg, u64 val)
230 {
231         return put_user(val, (u64 __user *)arg);
232 }
233 
234 int __blkdev_driver_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode,
235                         unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
236 {
237         struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
238 
239         if (disk->fops->ioctl)
240                 return disk->fops->ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
241 
242         return -ENOTTY;
243 }
244 /*
245  * For the record: _GPL here is only because somebody decided to slap it
246  * on the previous export.  Sheer idiocy, since it wasn't copyrightable
247  * at all and could be open-coded without any exports by anybody who cares.
248  */
249 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__blkdev_driver_ioctl);
250 
251 /*
252  * Is it an unrecognized ioctl? The correct returns are either
253  * ENOTTY (final) or ENOIOCTLCMD ("I don't know this one, try a
254  * fallback"). ENOIOCTLCMD gets turned into ENOTTY by the ioctl
255  * code before returning.
256  *
257  * Confused drivers sometimes return EINVAL, which is wrong. It
258  * means "I understood the ioctl command, but the parameters to
259  * it were wrong".
260  *
261  * We should aim to just fix the broken drivers, the EINVAL case
262  * should go away.
263  */
264 static inline int is_unrecognized_ioctl(int ret)
265 {
266         return  ret == -EINVAL ||
267                 ret == -ENOTTY ||
268                 ret == -ENOIOCTLCMD;
269 }
270 
271 /*
272  * always keep this in sync with compat_blkdev_ioctl()
273  */
274 int blkdev_ioctl(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, unsigned cmd,
275                         unsigned long arg)
276 {
277         struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
278         struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
279         loff_t size;
280         int ret, n;
281         unsigned int max_sectors;
282 
283         switch(cmd) {
284         case BLKFLSBUF:
285                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
286                         return -EACCES;
287 
288                 ret = __blkdev_driver_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
289                 if (!is_unrecognized_ioctl(ret))
290                         return ret;
291 
292                 fsync_bdev(bdev);
293                 invalidate_bdev(bdev);
294                 return 0;
295 
296         case BLKROSET:
297                 ret = __blkdev_driver_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
298                 if (!is_unrecognized_ioctl(ret))
299                         return ret;
300                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
301                         return -EACCES;
302                 if (get_user(n, (int __user *)(arg)))
303                         return -EFAULT;
304                 set_device_ro(bdev, n);
305                 return 0;
306 
307         case BLKDISCARD:
308         case BLKSECDISCARD: {
309                 uint64_t range[2];
310 
311                 if (!(mode & FMODE_WRITE))
312                         return -EBADF;
313 
314                 if (copy_from_user(range, (void __user *)arg, sizeof(range)))
315                         return -EFAULT;
316 
317                 return blk_ioctl_discard(bdev, range[0], range[1],
318                                          cmd == BLKSECDISCARD);
319         }
320         case BLKZEROOUT: {
321                 uint64_t range[2];
322 
323                 if (!(mode & FMODE_WRITE))
324                         return -EBADF;
325 
326                 if (copy_from_user(range, (void __user *)arg, sizeof(range)))
327                         return -EFAULT;
328 
329                 return blk_ioctl_zeroout(bdev, range[0], range[1]);
330         }
331 
332         case HDIO_GETGEO: {
333                 struct hd_geometry geo;
334 
335                 if (!arg)
336                         return -EINVAL;
337                 if (!disk->fops->getgeo)
338                         return -ENOTTY;
339 
340                 /*
341                  * We need to set the startsect first, the driver may
342                  * want to override it.
343                  */
344                 memset(&geo, 0, sizeof(geo));
345                 geo.start = get_start_sect(bdev);
346                 ret = disk->fops->getgeo(bdev, &geo);
347                 if (ret)
348                         return ret;
349                 if (copy_to_user((struct hd_geometry __user *)arg, &geo,
350                                         sizeof(geo)))
351                         return -EFAULT;
352                 return 0;
353         }
354         case BLKRAGET:
355         case BLKFRAGET:
356                 if (!arg)
357                         return -EINVAL;
358                 bdi = blk_get_backing_dev_info(bdev);
359                 return put_long(arg, (bdi->ra_pages * PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) / 512);
360         case BLKROGET:
361                 return put_int(arg, bdev_read_only(bdev) != 0);
362         case BLKBSZGET: /* get block device soft block size (cf. BLKSSZGET) */
363                 return put_int(arg, block_size(bdev));
364         case BLKSSZGET: /* get block device logical block size */
365                 return put_int(arg, bdev_logical_block_size(bdev));
366         case BLKPBSZGET: /* get block device physical block size */
367                 return put_uint(arg, bdev_physical_block_size(bdev));
368         case BLKIOMIN:
369                 return put_uint(arg, bdev_io_min(bdev));
370         case BLKIOOPT:
371                 return put_uint(arg, bdev_io_opt(bdev));
372         case BLKALIGNOFF:
373                 return put_int(arg, bdev_alignment_offset(bdev));
374         case BLKDISCARDZEROES:
375                 return put_uint(arg, bdev_discard_zeroes_data(bdev));
376         case BLKSECTGET:
377                 max_sectors = min_t(unsigned int, USHRT_MAX,
378                                     queue_max_sectors(bdev_get_queue(bdev)));
379                 return put_ushort(arg, max_sectors);
380         case BLKROTATIONAL:
381                 return put_ushort(arg, !blk_queue_nonrot(bdev_get_queue(bdev)));
382         case BLKRASET:
383         case BLKFRASET:
384                 if(!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
385                         return -EACCES;
386                 bdi = blk_get_backing_dev_info(bdev);
387                 bdi->ra_pages = (arg * 512) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
388                 return 0;
389         case BLKBSZSET:
390                 /* set the logical block size */
391                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
392                         return -EACCES;
393                 if (!arg)
394                         return -EINVAL;
395                 if (get_user(n, (int __user *) arg))
396                         return -EFAULT;
397                 if (!(mode & FMODE_EXCL)) {
398                         bdgrab(bdev);
399                         if (blkdev_get(bdev, mode | FMODE_EXCL, &bdev) < 0)
400                                 return -EBUSY;
401                 }
402                 ret = set_blocksize(bdev, n);
403                 if (!(mode & FMODE_EXCL))
404                         blkdev_put(bdev, mode | FMODE_EXCL);
405                 return ret;
406         case BLKPG:
407                 ret = blkpg_ioctl(bdev, (struct blkpg_ioctl_arg __user *) arg);
408                 break;
409         case BLKRRPART:
410                 ret = blkdev_reread_part(bdev);
411                 break;
412         case BLKGETSIZE:
413                 size = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode);
414                 if ((size >> 9) > ~0UL)
415                         return -EFBIG;
416                 return put_ulong(arg, size >> 9);
417         case BLKGETSIZE64:
418                 return put_u64(arg, i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode));
419         case BLKTRACESTART:
420         case BLKTRACESTOP:
421         case BLKTRACESETUP:
422         case BLKTRACETEARDOWN:
423                 ret = blk_trace_ioctl(bdev, cmd, (char __user *) arg);
424                 break;
425         default:
426                 ret = __blkdev_driver_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
427         }
428         return ret;
429 }
430 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blkdev_ioctl);
431 

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